Helsingin yliopisto

 

Helsingin yliopiston verkkojulkaisut

Helsingin yliopisto, Helsinki 2006

Biodiversiteetin seuranta Suomessa

Indikaattoreihin perustuvan biodiversiteetin seurantajärjestelmän kehittäminen

Ari-Pekka Auvinen

Pro gradu, toukokuu 2006.
Helsingin yliopisto, biotieteellinen tiedekunta, bio- ja ympäristötieteiden laitos, Ympäristötieteet.

The goal of this study has been to compile and to further develop a collection of biodiversity indicators for Finland. Biodiversity indicators aim at bringing forth information related to biodiversity change and the factors causing it in a condensed and easy to understand manner. The factual information which indicators provide is supposed to appeal to the reader's intellect and thus to have an influence on her opinions and behavior. Biodiversity indicators also aim at influencing biodiversity related politics. Being successful at this, biodiversity indicators can make a strong contribution towards reaching the most important goal of nature conservation - the perpetuation of natural variety.

The study is divided into two parts. The first part presents a preliminary collection of 75 biodiversity indicators. These indicators are based on the biodiversity monitoring and research data as well as other statistical data which were readily available at the time of their composition. In addition to the statistics and literature reviewed the study is based on interviews of numerous experts. The collection of 75 biodiversity indicators enables a reasonably comprehensive assessment of the major factors effect-ing biodiversity as well as of the state and development of some components of biodiversity (e.g. endangered species). It, however, contains too few indicators on the state and development of common species and on many important characteristics of ecosystems. The data for such indicators were not available.

The second part of the study consists of a review of some European national biodiversity monitoring schemes, international biodiversity indicator development projects as well as Finnish national biodiversity monitoring field programs. Based on the review, recommendations for the further development of the indicator based biodiversity information system are made. The second part of the study concludes with a proposal for an expanded biodiversity indicator collection which contains 31 new indicators.

The expanded biodiversity indicator collection could provide a sound factual foundation on which comprehensive assessments of state and development of biodiversity could be based. Such assessments are needed when the effects of biodiversity related politics are evaluated and decisions concerning where to focus conservation efforts are made. At the end of this study possible applications of the expanded biodiversity indicator collection are examined in the light of four different conservation objectives

The title page of the publication

Julkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty.

© Helsingin yliopisto 2006

Viimeksi päivitetty 25.08.2006

Yhteystiedot, Contact information E-thesis Helsingin yliopisto, University of Helsinki