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The development of coastal dunes and their vegetation in Finland

CONTENTS:  

Introduction

Background and purpose

Coastal dune chronology in relation to climate and sea level

Coastal morphodynamics

Successional zonation

Review of the literature

Terminology and definitions

Methods

The coastal dune fields studied

Coasts of the Gulf of Finland

1. Hyypiä, Virolahti

Coasts of the Hanko Peninsula

2. Lappohja

3. Syndalen

4. Henriksberg

5. Vedagrundet

6. Kolaviken, Hanko

7. Tulliniemi, Hanko

Coasts of the southwestern archipelago

8. Padva, Tenhola

Coasts of the Bothnian Sea

9. Yyterinsannat, Pori

10. The Herrainpäivät area, Yyteri, Pori

11. The Karhuluoto area, Yyteri, Pori

Coasts of the Quark

12. Storsanden, Monäs

13. Tisskärssanden, Vexala

14. Storsand and Lillsand, Pietarsaari

Coasts of the Vattaja Cape, Lohtaja

15. The Karhi dune field

16. The Vattaja dune field

17. The bathing beach of Vattaja

Coasts of the Bothnian Bay

18. Hietasärkät, Kalajoki

19. Letto, Kalajoki

20. Yrjänä, Tauvo

21. Haikaranhietikko, Tauvo

22. Ulkonokanhietikko, Tauvo

23. Koppana, Oulunsalo

24. Pajuperä, Hailuoto

25. Marjaniemi, Hailuoto

26. Virpiniemi, Haukipudas

27. Röyttänhieta, Simo

28. Tiironhiekka, Simo

Factors affecting the development of coastal dune fields

Climate

The sea

Sand

Availability of sand

Grain-size parameters and topography

Chemical characteristics of the material

Water repellency of the sand surface

Vegetation cover

Dune plants

Effect of plant species on the dune topography

Statistical analysis of the vegetation cover

Changes caused by man and animals

The geomorphological and ecological succession

The beach zone

Cut-and-built terraces

Beaches

Berms veneered with aeolian sand

Foredunes

Dune slacks

Intermediate dunes

Deflation surfaces and hummock dunes

Dry deflation surfaces

Damp deflation surfaces

Hummock dunes

Forest edge ecotones

Old dunes

Successional sequence

Differences between areas

Need for conservation

Conclusions and summary

Epilogue, geoecological interrelationships

Acknowledgements

References


University of Helsinki, Faculty of ScienceBackForward