Helsingin yliopisto


Helsingin yliopiston verkkojulkaisut

Helsingin yliopisto, Helsinki 2006

Tunnustamisen epääminen ja kansainväliset suhteet valtiokäytännössä

tutkimus tunnustamattoman valtion ja hallituksen oikeudellisesta asemasta kansainvälisessä kanssakäymisessä

Juhani Perttunen

Väitöskirja, kesäkuu 2006.
Helsingin yliopisto, oikeustieteellinen tiedekunta, julkisoikeuden laitos, oikeustieteellinen tiedekunta.

The subject of this study is to clarify the legal consequences of non-recognition. Firstly,a survey is presented of the current thinking and practice of non-recognition. On this basis, an attempt will then be made to examine the behavior toward unrecognized entities of those states refusing them recognition. The focus of the study is on various forms of international intercourse and the position of unrecognized entities before the courts of non-recognizing states.

State practice during non-recognition varies considerably, which renders the identification of such practice according to clear rules and guidelines rather difficult. The subjective evaluation by each state of the international situation and the political need to withhold or grant recognition often seems to prevail over objective legal criteria when the issue of of relations with unrecognized states and governments arises. However, some degree of the effective existence of such an entity seems a prerequisite for any kind of contact. The will and the intention of the non-recognizing state are crucial as to the form and extent of these relations. Nevertheless, a trend is emerging in which an increasing number of states no longer automatically associate non-recognition with the absence of relations,perhaps the only exception being the collective non-recognition based on the decisions of the United Nations.

Relations with unrecognized entities express, however, only the willingness of a non-reconizing state to enter into a specific kind, mode and scope of contacts it deems appropriate in each case. Accordingly, non-recognition nowadays indicates that, besides political reluctance,in the opinion of the non-reconizing state,a new entity does not enjoy the equal status in international law required for the general legal capacity to maintain "government to government" relations on the international level. Thus, non-recognition preserves a certain legal effect. In addition, non-recognition as a collective sanction has played an important role in UN practice and deserves further attention when considering the use and scope of non-recognition itself.

The title page of the publication

Julkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty.

© Helsingin yliopisto 2006

Viimeksi päivitetty 12.05.2006

Yhteystiedot, Contact information E-thesis Helsingin yliopisto, University of Helsinki