Helsingin yliopisto

 

Helsingin yliopiston verkkojulkaisut

Helsingin yliopisto, Helsinki 2006

Rikosprosessi lapsiin kohdistuvissa seksuaalirikoksissa

Päivi Hirvelä

Väitöskirja, marraskuu 2006.
Helsingin yliopisto, oikeustieteellinen tiedekunta, rikos- ja prosessioikeuden laitos sekä oikeuden yleistieteiden laitos.

This study provides an overview of sexual crimes against children with specific focus on the basic and human rights of a child. The central question this study poses is: How is the criminal justice system capable of defining and enforcing criminal liability in sexual crimes against children? This study can be subsumed under criminal and process law. The source materials used include legal, medical, psychological, and above all, forensic psychological documents. The methodology employed is derived from legal dogmatics and empirical research methods.

The research is divided into theoretical and empirical sections. Chapter II provides an overall description of criminal provisions in sexual crimes committed against children. Chapter III examines the standing of a crime victim in criminal proceedings. Chapter IV develops a theoretical background for evaluating evidence by focusing on expert wittnessing and forensic psychology. Chapter V examines how child abuse is investigated in the light of spesific cases. Chapter VI presents the conclusions of the study.

This study reveals many problems in the modes of examination of sexual crimes against children, which are connected both to legislation and to practices conducted by authorities. The legislative problems are rooted in social welfare, health care and legislation on criminal law. This study also reveals problems in how authorities co-operate in pre-trial investigations. The proposal on how to improve the quality of investigations suggests transferring the responsibility of pre-trial invesigations to the public prosecutor, and adopting the multiprofessional and concentrated "child house model". This study also proposes other measures to improve the quality of pre-trial investigations.

This study also examines the evaluation of evidence, as well as the levels of punishment and compensation.

The title page of the publication

Julkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty.

© Helsingin yliopisto 2006

Viimeksi päivitetty 03.11.2006

Yhteystiedot, Contact information E-thesis Helsingin yliopisto, University of Helsinki