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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Newspapers, journals and press releases

Current Digest of the Post-Soviet Press (CDPSP) 1992 - 1997,

covering the following newspapers: Izvestia, Nezavisimaya gazeta, Pravda, Sevodnya,

Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) 1995 - 1997

BBC World Service: Summary of World Broadcasts (SWB) 1992 - 1996

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) 1992 - 1997

The Baltic Times 1995

The Baltic Independent 1996

Unpublished theses

Jurado, Elena: "Homeland Nationalism" and the Baltic States: Explaining Russia's Policy towards the Diaspora, 1991 - 1997. Master's thesis, Oxford University, 1998.

Kähönen, Aappo: Bolshevikkien Suomen ja Baltian kuva 1918 - 1920. Master's thesis, Helsinki University, 1998.

Redman, Nicholas: Dilemmas of Engagement. Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian Approaches towards Russia, 1992 - 1996. Doctoral thesis, Oxford University, 1999 (in preparation).

Literature

Aaron, Leon and Kenneth Jensen: The Emergence of Russian Foreign Policy. Washington, D.C 1994.

Abdulatipov, Ramazan Abdulatipov: Russian Minorities: The Political Dimension, in Shlapentokh, Sendich and Payin (eds) The New Russian Diaspora. Russian Minorities in the Former Soviet Republics. Armonk, N.Y 1994.

van Arkadie, Brian and Mats Karlsson: Economic Survey of the Baltic States: The Reform Process in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. London 1992.

Almond, Mark: Russia's Outer Rim: integration or disintegration? London 1995.

Baranovsky, Vladimir: Russia and Europe: The Emerging Security Agenda. Oxford 1997.

Barrington, Lowell: Nations, States and Citizens: an Explanation of the Citizenship Policies in Estonia and Latvia. Review of Central and Eastern European Law, Vol. 21, No.2, 1995.

Beloff, M: Beyond the Soviet Union: the Fragmentation of Power. Aldershot 1997.

Bildt, Carl: The Baltic Litmus Test. Foreign Affairs, Vol 73, No 5, 1994.

Birckenbach, Hanne-Marie: Preventative Diplomacy through Fact-Finding: How international organisations review the conflict over citizenship in Estonia and Latvia. Hamburg 1998.

Blackwill, Robert; Rodric Braithwaite and Akihiko Tanaka: Engaging Russia. New York 1995.

Bloed, Arie: Citizenship Issues and the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities in O'Leary, Siofra and Tiilikainen, Teija (eds): Citizenship and nationality status in the New Europe. London 1998.

Bremmer, Ian and Ray Taras: New States, New Politics: Building the Post-Soviet Nations. Cambridge 1997.

Brunner, Georg: Nationality Problems and Minority Conflicts in Eastern Europe. Cloppenburg 1996.

Clemens, Walter: Baltic Independence and Russian Empire. Basingstoke 1991.

Clemens, Walter: Baltic Identities in the 1990s: Renewed Fitness, in Szporluk, Roman (ed.): National Identity and Ethnicity in Russia and the New States of Eurasia. Armonk, N.Y; London 1994.

Chinn, Jeff and Robert Kaiser: Russians as the New Minority. Ethnicity and Nationalism in the Soviet Successor States. Oxford 1996.

Colton, Timothy and R. Legvold,: After the Soviet Union: From Empire to Nations. New York and London 1996.

Coppieters, Bruno; Aleksei Zverev and Dmitrii Trenin: Commonwealth and Independence in post-Soviet Eurasia. Portland 1998.

Dawisha, Karen and Bruce Parrot: Russia and the New States of Eurasia: The Politics of Upheaval. Cambridge 1994.

Dunlop, John: The Rise of Russia and the Fall of the Soviet Empire. Princeton 1993.

Gerner, Kristian and Stefan Hedlund: The Baltic States and the End of the Soviet Empire. London 1993.

Goble, Paul: Russia and Its Neighbours. Foreign Policy, No 90, 1993.

Gompert, David and Stephen Larrabee: America and Europe: A Partnership for a New Europe. Cambridge 1996.

Gudkov, Leon: The Disintegration of the USSR and Russians in the Republics. The Journal of communist studies, Vol 9, No 1, 1993.

Hallik, Klara: From centre-periphery conflict to the making of new nationality policy in an independence state: Estonia, in Kumar Rupeshinge and Valery Tishkov (eds): Ethnicity and Power in the Contemporary World. Tokyo 1996.

Hansen, Birthe and Bertel Heurlin: The Baltic States in World Politics. Surrey 1998.

Hiden, John and Patrick Salmon: The Baltic Nations and Europe: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in the twentieth century. Singapore 1994.

Hill, F: Back in the USSR: Russia's intervention in internal affairs of former Soviet republics and the implications for United States policy toward Russia. Cambridge, Mass. 1994.

Hood, Neil; Robert Kilis and Jan-Erik Vahlne: Transition in the Baltic States: Micro-level studies. Basingstoke 1997.

Joenniemi, Pertti and Peeter Vaares (eds): New Actors on the International Arena: The Foreign policies of the Baltic Countries. Tampere 1993.

Joenniemi, Pentti and Juris Prikulis: The Foreign Policies of the Baltic Countries: Basic Issues. Riga 1994.

Joenniemi, Pertti and Jan Prawitz: Kaliningrad: The European Amber Region. Aldershot 1998.

Jonson, Lena: Russia and the "Near Abroad", Concepts and Trends, in Birthe Hansen and Bertel Heurlin (eds): The Baltic States in World Politics. Surrey 1998.

Kanet, Roger and Alexander Kozhemiakin: The Foreign Policy of the Russian Federation. Basingstoke 1997.

Karlsson, Klas-Göran: Ryssarna utanfor Ryssland. Stockholm 1997.

Killerby, Margaret: Steps Taken by the Council of Europe to Promote the Modernisation of the Nationality Laws of European States, in O'Leary, Siofra and Tiilikainen, Teija (eds): Citizenship and nationality status in the New Europe. London 1998.

Kirby, David: The Baltic World 1772 - 1993. Europe's northern periphery in an age of change. Singapore 1995.

Kirch, Aksel and Tarmo Tuisk: The non-Estonian Population Today and Tomorrow. Tallinn 1992.

Kirch, Aksel and Maria Kirch: National Minorities in Estonia, in Rupesinghe, King and Vorkunova (eds.): Ethnicity and Conflict in a Post-communist World. The Soviet Union, Eastern Europe and China. London 1992.

Kirch, Aksel: The Integration of non-Estonians into Estonian Society. Tallinn 1997.

Kissinger, Henry: Diplomacy. London 1994.

Kolstoe, Paul: Russians in the Former Soviet Republics. London 1995.

Kolstoe, Paul: The new Russian diaspora - an identity of its own? Possible identity trajectories for Russians in the former Soviet republics. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol 19, No 3, 1996.

Laitin, David: Identity in Formation: The Russian-Speaking Nationality in Estonia and Bashkortostan. Glasgow 1995.

Laitin, David: Identity in Formation: The Russian-Speaking Populations in the Near Abroad. Ithaca 1998.

Latter, Richard: Security and Stability in the Baltic Region. London 1994.

Larrabee, F.Stephen and Theodore Karasik: Foreign and Security Policy Decision-making under Yeltsin. Washington, D.C 1997.

Lejins, Atis and Daina Bleiere: The Baltic States: Search for Security. Riga 1996.

Lieven, Anatol: The Baltic Revolution. Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and the Path to Independence. New Haven 1993.

Linz, Juan and Alfred Stepan: Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America and Post-Communist Europe. Baltimore 1996.

Maley, William: Does Russia Speak for Baltic Russians? The world today, Vol 51, No 1, 1995.

Melvin, Neil: Forging the New Russian Nation: Russian foreign policy and the Russian speaking communities of the former USSR. London 1994.

Melvin, Neil: Russians Beyond Russia: The Politics of National Identity. London 1995.

Motyl, Alexander: Will the non-Russians Rebel? State, Ethnicity and Stability in the USSR. Ithaca 1987.

Muiznieks, Nils: Latvia: Restoring a State and Rebuilding a Nation, in Bremmer, Ian and Taras, Ray (eds.): New States, New Politics: Building the Post-Soviet Nations. Cambridge 1997.

Neumann, Iver: Russia and the Idea of Europe. London 1996.

Niitemaa, Vilho and Kalervo Hovi: Baltian historia. Jyväskylä 1991.

Norgaard, Ole: The Baltic States after Independence. Suffolk 1996.

Nyberg, Rene: A study in Interdependency. Russian transport needs and economic development in the Baltic Sea area. The Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences proceedings and journal, Vol 201, No 6, 1997.

O'Leary, Siofra and Teija Tiilikainen (eds): Citizenship and nationality status in the New Europe. London 1998.

Öst, Anna-Carin: Medborgare eller främling? Åbo 1994.

Payin, Emil: Disintegration of the Empire and the Fate of the "Imperial Minority", in Shlapentokh, Sendich and Payin (eds) The New Russian Diaspora: Russian Minorities in the Former Soviet Republics. Armonk, N.Y 1994.

Petro, Nikolai and Alvin Rubinstein: Russian foreign policy: From Empire to Nation-State. London 1997.

Pikayev, Alexander: Russia and the Baltic States: Challenges and Opportunities, in Birthe Hansen and Bertel Heurlin (eds): The Baltic States in World Politics. Surrey 1998.

Pravda, Alex: The Politics of foreign policy, in Stephen White, Alex Pravda and Zvi Gitelman(eds.): Developments in Russian Politics. Basingstoke 1997.

Raid, Aare: Security Policy of the Baltic States: the Case of Estonia, in Lejins and Bleiere (eds): The Baltic States: Search for Security. Riga 1996.

Rose, Richard: New Baltic Barometer III. Glasgow 1997.

Rose, Richard and William Maley: Conflict or Compromise in the Baltic States? What do the people there think? Glasgow 1994.

Rudensky, Nikolai: Russian minorities in the Newly Independent States: An International Problem in the Domestic Context of Russia Today, in Szporluk, Roman (ed): National Identity and Ethnicity in Russia and the New States of Eurasia. Armonk, N.Y 1994.

Ruhl, Lothar: The historical background of Russian security concepts and requirements, in Baranovsky, Vladimir (ed): Russia and Europe: The Emerging Security Agenda. Oxford 1997.

Rupesinghe, Kumar and Valery Tishkov: Ethnicity and Power in the Contemporary World. Tokyo 1996.

Rupesinghe; King and Vorkunova: Ethnicity and Conflict in a Post-communist World. The Soviet Union, Eastern Europe and China. London 1992.

Saarikoski, Vesa: Russian Minorities in the Baltic States, in Joenniemi, Pertti and Peeter Vaares (eds): New Actors on the International Arena: The Foreign policies of the Baltic Countries. Tampere 1993.

Shlapentokh, Vladimir; Munir Sendich and Emil Payin: The New Russian Diaspora: Russian minorities in the former Soviet republics. Armonk, N.Y 1994.

Sestanovich, Stephen (ed): Rethinking Russia's National Interests. Washington, D.C 1994.

Sorsa, Piritta: Regional Integration and the Baltics: which way? Washington, D.C 1994.

Shafir, Gershon: Immigrants and Nationalists - Ethnic Conflict and Accommodation in Catalonia, the Basque Country, Latvia and Estonia. Albany 1995.

Smith, Graham (ed): The Baltic States: The National Self-Determination of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Basingstoke 1994.

Smith, Graham (ed): The Nationalities Question in the post-Soviet States. London 1996.

Smith, Graham et al: Nation-building in the Post-Soviet Borderlands: the Politics of National Identities. Cambridge 1998.

Smith, Mark: Pax Russica: Russia's Monroe Doctrine. London 1993.

Soysal, Yasemin Nuhoglu: Limits of Citizenship: Migrants and Postnational Membership in Europe. Chicago 1994.

Stranga, Aivars: Russia and the Security of the Baltic States 1991 - 1996, in Lejins, Atis and Bleiere, Daina (eds.): The Baltic States: Search for Security. Riga 1996.

Stranga, Aivars: Baltic-Russian Relations: 1995 - beginning 1997, in Atis Lejins and Zaneta Ozolina (eds.) Small States in a Turbulent Environment: The Baltic Perspective. Riga 1997.

Szporluk, Roman (ed): National Identity and Ethnicity in Russia and the New States of Eurasia. Armonk, N.Y 1994.

Taagepera, R: A Note on the March 1989 Elections. Soviet Studies Vol 42, No 2, 1990.

Taube, Caroline: De baltiska staterna, in Fredrik Sterzel (ed.): På väg mot rättstater I Östeuropa. Göteborg 1997.

Teague, Elizabeth: Russians Outside Russia and Russian Security Policy, in Leon Aaron and Kenneth Jensen (eds.): The Emergence of Russian Foreign Policy. Washington, D.C 1994.

Thaden, Edward: Russification in the Baltic Provinces and Finland, 1855 - 1914. Princeton 1981.

Trenin, Dimitri: Russian and Western Interests in Preventing, Managing and Settling Conflicts in the Former Soviet Union, in Bruno Coppieters; Aleksei Zverev and D. Trenin: Commonwealth and Independence in post-Soviet Eurasia. Portland 1998.

Trynkov, Anatoly: The Region's Security: An Expert View from Moscow, in Pertti Joenniemi and Jan Prawitz (eds): Kaliningrad: The European Amber Region. Aldershot 1998.

Vallens, Dagmara: The Law on Aliens Controversy in the Baltic States. International Commission of Jurists Review, no 54, 1995.

Vardys, V.Stanley and Judith Sedaitis: Lithuania: the Rebel Nation. Boulder, Colorado; Oxford 1997.

Ziemele, Ineta: The Citizenship Issues in the Republic of Latvia, in Siofra O'Leary and Teija Tiilikainen (eds): Citizenship and nationality status in the New Europe. London 1998.

Conference papers (unpublished)

Allison, Roy: Russian interests and concerns in the Baltic Sea region after the recent NATO and EU summits. Helsinki 1997. (The Northern Dimension of the Common Foreign and Security Policy, organised by The Finnish Institute of International Affairs.)

Korchemkin, Mikhail: Russia's Oil and Gas Exports to the Former Soviet Union. Odessa 1995. (Economic Transition in the Newly Independent States, organised by the Russian Littoral Project.)

Oldberg, Ingmar: Kaliningrad och Östersjöregionens säkerhet. Stockholm 1998. (Kaliningrad, organised by STETE.)

Vershinin, Vladimir: The Changing Security Environment in the Baltics and Russian National Interests. London 1996. (King's College, Department of War Studies.)

NATO and EU enlargement: the case of the Baltic States. Riga 1996. (Conference proceedings. Organised by the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung.)

Interviews, correspondence and lectures

Fokine, Yuri Ambassador of Russia to the U.K. Former head of the 2nd European Department (Northern Europe, Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the Baltic States), 1992 - 1995, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, MID, Moscow. (Lecture at St Antony's College, 3 December 1998, organised by the Oxford University Russian Society.)

Holmberg, Rurik Attache, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), Helsinki. Formerly the First Secretary of the OSCE mission to Estonia (Narva), 1995 - 1997. (Interview 4 November 1998.)

Lahelma, Timo Consulting Counsellor, MFA. Former head of the OSCE mission to Estonia, 1993 - 1995. (Interview 11 January 1999.)

Narinen, Kirsti Counsellor, MFA, Embassy of Finland, Tallinn 1993 - 1998. Formerly the Baltic States desk officer, 1992 - 1993. (Interview 26 October 1998.)

Nutt, Mart Member of Parliament, Estonia. Member and former chairman of the Constitutional Law Commission. (Lecture at the Suomalainen klubi, 20 November 1998, organised by The Union of Finnish-Estonian Associations.)

Nyberg, Rene Ambassador, Deputy Director-General, Head of Division for Eastern Affairs, MFA. (Interview 16 November 1998.)

Oinonen, Pekka Ambassador of Finland to Estonia (Correspondence.)

Oliphant, Craig Adviser to the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities. (Lecture at All Souls College, 5 May 1998, organised by the Oxford University Strategic Studies Group.)

Paasilinna, Reino PhD, Member of the European Parliament. Vice-President of the Russia operation Commission. (Telephone interview 12 January 1999.)

Tapiola, Pirkka Deputy head of mission, MFA, Embassy of Finland, Bankok. Former deputy head of the OSCE mission to Latvia, 1994 - 1997. (Correspondence.)

Törnudd, Klaus Ambassador. First head of the OSCE mission to Estonia, 1993. (Interview 19 January 1999.)


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