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Browsing by Subject "itsetunto"

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  • Saarinen, Sanni (2019)
    The aim of this study is to examine relations between body mass index, self-esteem, body image and adolescents thoughts about body positivity. Earlier study has showed relation among increasing body mass index, body dissatisfaction and lower self-esteem. Body positivity has its roots in the fat acceptance movement in the late 1960s. Goal of the body positivity movement is to address unrealistic ideals about beauty, promote self-acceptance, and build self-esteem and learning to love oneself to the fullest. Body positivity is popular on social media and in Finland discourses about it are controversial. Some think it is a good for health and self-esteem, others think it glamorizes overweight. Finnish adolescents thoughts about body positivity has not been explored before this study. This statistical study was made in Spring 2019. The research subjects were finnish adolescents aged 13-18. The data was obtained from the adolescents by an electronic enquiry. The sample consisted of N=109 adolescents, n 89 women, n 19 men and n 1 transgender. The data was analyzed by using SPSS Statistics 25 program and frequencies, cross-tabulations, Pearson`s correlations, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA tests. In this study self-esteem or body image were not varied by age. Body image was varied by gender so that girls had lower body image than boys. Body mass index were not significant for self esteem or body image and disagreed with earlier study. Physical activity behind many of the adolescents has been noticed while reporting results. Term body positivity was familiar for 72,4 % of participants, specially from social media. Girls knew it more often than boys and estimated its effects for better self-love stronger than boys. Majority of adolescents thought that body positivity tries to increase self-love among every size and age. Only few thought that body positivity glamorize overweight and obesity. This research reveals that there is a need for wider study around relations between body mass index, self-esteem, body image and body positivity among adolescents. This study offers a base for extensive study in the future.
  • Metso, Annika (2023)
    The aim of this study is to find out whether self-esteem or well-being are related to socio-emotional skills measured according to the CASEL framework, which classifies socio-emotional skills in the categories of self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, relationship skills and responsible decision-making. In addition to this, the relationship between self-esteem and well-being will be looked into. The theoretical framework for this study lies in the theory of social constructive learning, which will be used to formulate the hypotheses of this study and which will also be used in interpreting the results. The study has been conducted as a descriptive quantitative study using a data set collected in the Learning 2 Be research project. The analyses have been run on SPSS 28. The methods used in this study were Spearman’s correlation analysis and Welch ANOVA with Games-Howell post hoc tests. According to the results, every aspect of socio-emotional skills has a positive correlation with all the other aspects of socio-emotional skills, as well as with self-esteem and well-being. The strongest correlations were found between relationship skills and responsible decision-making, as well as between self-awareness and responsible decision-making, while the weakest correlations were found between well-being and social awareness, as well as between well-being and self-management. The results of the ANOVA show that greater perceived well-being is related to better skills in every aspect of socio-emotional skills measured, at least when well-being is measured by life satisfaction. Greater perceived well-being is also related to higher self-esteem, when well-being is measured by life satisfaction and when self-esteem is measured by an adaptation of the classic Rosenberg self-esteem scale. The results of the correlation analyses are in accordance with the results of the analyses of variance and they both also agree with previous studies conducted on the subject. Based on these results, numerous ideas for possible future studies can be named so that more light can be shed on different factors related to socio-emotional skills in the future.
  • Savolainen, Juska (2017)
    Modernization of society and increased opportunities for choice has made it easier for parents to make individualized breeding solutions. Current parenting is described as "free option" but also growing challenges of quality of breeding. On the other hand, researchers are also increasingly reporting the growing risks of wellbeing among young people, such as loneliness and ill feeling. This research aims to find links between the different parenting styles and the wellbeing of the young people. The purpose of this research is to study the subjective testimonial of the child - parent relationship among the 7th grade students in Helsinki, and to compare the results of the established types of parenting to the ones that are found in professional literature. The aim is also to analyze the connection between the different styles of rearing to the self-reported quality of life, feeling of loneliness and the subjective image of self-esteem. This study is part of the University of Helsinki carried out by Mind the Gap research project (2013-2017). The data was collected from seventh graders (N = 1226) via a questionnaire spring 2014 in Helsinki 20 different schools. The link between parenting styles to self-perceived life satisfaction, loneliness and self-esteem by multidirectional variance analysis (MANOVA) and the differences between genders by Post-hoc (Tukey) test. With the help of a group analysis (K-means Cluster), the aim was also to find new rearing groups that would best describe emphasized dimensions and combinations of parenting. Based on the material, three parenting styles were found. They were called to as intensive, controlling and distant rearing styles. The results showed that previous rearing style classifications are not entirely adequate in relation to the nature of today's parenthood. There were statistically significant differences in the parenting styles when compared to the welfare indicators experienced by young people. Parenting styles intensive and guiding were more positively associated to youth's wellbeing than the parenting style distance. As a conclusion, the results show that parental involvement and presence appear to be in a positive relationship with the indicators of wellbeing experienced by youth.