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Digital Platforms And Competition Law

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Title: Digital Platforms And Competition Law
Author(s): Rajakoski, Néa
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Law
Discipline: European law
Language: English
Acceptance year: 2017
This study examines digital platforms in the context on EU competition law by conducting an economic and legal analy-sis of the potential competitive concerns that derive from the characteristics of digital platforms and the competitive dynamics thereof. With this in mind, the following research questions can be identified: 1) What are digital platforms? 2) What are the competitive concerns raised in relation to digital platforms? 3) Why is the topic so debated? The methodologic approach of this study has elements of both law and economics and legal dogmatics. The adopted methodology endeavors to address the research questions in a more holistic manner, which is to facilitate the discourse between legal and economic arguments. Structurally, this study is divided into four main chapters. Chapter 2 outlines the legal framework of EU competition law by making necessary observation regarding the primary competition rules in the Treaties and the objectives of competi-tion policy. Chapter 3 sheds light on the economics of data in the context of digital platforms, because it is impossible to understand the debate, whether or not the interplay between user data and market power can be of competitive con-cern, without understanding the factors driving competition among platforms. Chapter 4 provides further insights on the competitive concerns associated with platform competition. Lastly, Chapter 5 addresses the criticism of the above and Chapter 6 includes the conclusions of this study. This study will illustrate that the competitive concerns attributed to platform competition are indeed controversial. Never-theless, the economics of data and the competitive dynamics of platforms seem to merit thee notion that digital markets are subject to market concentration and could under certain circumstances facilitate anticompetitive behavior. As of consequence, the European Commission as the main enforcer of EU competition law should not leave these concerns unaddressed.

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