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The “second generation” as actors of desegregation in Finnish cities? : A study of the residential mobility patterns of the descendants of immigrants in Helsinki, Tampere and Turku regions (1999–2015)

Show simple item record 2019-11-12T11:21:38Z 2019-11-12T11:21:38Z 2019-11-12
dc.title The “second generation” as actors of desegregation in Finnish cities? : A study of the residential mobility patterns of the descendants of immigrants in Helsinki, Tampere and Turku regions (1999–2015) en
ethesis.discipline none und
ethesis.department none und
ethesis.faculty Matemaattis-luonnontieteellinen tiedekunta fi
ethesis.faculty Faculty of Science en
ethesis.faculty Matematisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten sv
ethesis.faculty.URI Helsingin yliopisto fi University of Helsinki en Helsingfors universitet sv
dct.creator Huynh, Yu-Yi
dct.issued 2019
dct.language.ISO639-2 eng
dct.abstract This master’s thesis studies the residential mobility patterns of the “second generation”, i.e., the native-born descendants of immigrants, in Finnish cities. The focus of the study is on the first-time departures from the parental home, and especially on their timing and destination neighbourhood types, which will be reflected through the theoretical framework of spatial integration. The study aims to provide new empirical knowledge on the home-leaving second generation which will be used to reflect whether the classic theory of spatial assimilation manages to depict their residential mobility patterns in relation to the native-born Finns and first-generation immigrants. The study analyses the differences in the timing and destination neighbourhood types of the home-leaving event using register-based longitudinal data on individuals between ages 16 and 32 in Helsinki, Tampere and Turku regions over the period 1999–2015. The neighbourhoods are classified either as concentrations or non-concentrations based on their share of inhabitants with an immigrant background. The study employs mainly discrete-time event-history methods in analysis. The impacts of the demographic and socioeconomic attributes on the home-leaving patterns are evaluated with logistic regression analysis. The results suggest a general similarity of residential mobility patterns for the home-leaving second generation and their native-born Finnish peers while the first-generation immigrants remain a distinct group, especially by moving more often to concentrations compared to the two other groups. Among the second generation, the classic straight-line assimilation theory manages to depict the best the home-leaving patterns for the individuals with Western and West Asian and North African background. There is a small delay in the timing of the home-leaving for all individuals with an immigrant background compared to the native-born Finns which cannot be completely explained by the differences in their demographic and socioeconomic background. The parental neighbourhood type appears as a significant predictor for the destination neighbourhood type; having lived in a concentration as a child suggested increased odds of home-leaving to a concentration as well. One possible explanation for this is discrimination in the housing markets which is both impacting the possibilities for the young adults to pursue their independent housing careers and the neighbourhoods where they are growing up in. The remaining differences in the timing, after taking the differences in the demographic and socioeconomic background into account, is small but significant enough to be taken into account in further studies. en
dct.subject second generation en
dct.subject immigration en
dct.subject integration en
dct.subject residential mobility en
dct.subject spatial segregation en
dct.subject ethnic segregation en
dct.language en
ethesis.isPublicationLicenseAccepted true
ethesis.language englanti fi
ethesis.language English en
ethesis.language engelska sv
ethesis.thesistype pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
ethesis.thesistype master's thesis en
ethesis.thesistype pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dct.identifier.ethesis E-thesisID:304cd8f1-2cd0-4860-862a-dde15c1a9c60
dct.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201911123886
dc.type.dcmitype Text
ethesis.facultystudyline USP Peoples fi
ethesis.facultystudyline USP Peoples en
ethesis.facultystudyline USP Peoples sv
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Kaupunkitutkimuksen ja suunnittelun maisteriohjelma fi
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Master's Programme in Urban Studies and Planning en
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Magisterprogrammet i urbana studier och planering sv

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