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Sacred Heritage of Indigenous Peoples: Who Has the Power? : Using critical discourse analysis to examine the existing power relations in the heritage field

Show simple item record 2019-12-19T11:03:22Z 2019-12-19T11:03:22Z 2019-12-19
dc.title Sacred Heritage of Indigenous Peoples: Who Has the Power? : Using critical discourse analysis to examine the existing power relations in the heritage field en
ethesis.discipline.URI none
ethesis.faculty Humanistinen tiedekunta fi
ethesis.faculty Faculty of Arts en
ethesis.faculty Humanistiska fakulteten sv
ethesis.faculty.URI Helsingin yliopisto fi University of Helsinki en Helsingfors universitet sv
dct.creator Vamio, Ida
dct.issued 2019
dct.language.ISO639-2 eng
dct.abstract The cultural and sacred heritage of indigenous peoples is in a vulnerable position, because of the general threats cultural and religious heritage are facing around the world and because indigenous peoples are often not in a position where their wishes and needs are listened to. In addition to this, indigenous heritage may require a special approach and the following of certain rules, which may clash with existing heritage practices. This thesis researches how the sacred heritage of indigenous peoples is discussed through analyzing documents pertaining to the subject of indigenous sacred heritage and discusses how this may affect the way this heritage is approached in practice. It focuses on the following question: who has the power to manage and care for the indigenous sacred heritage? Additionally, it analyzes how these documents accommodate the rights of indigenous peoples, if they do so at all. It attempts to reveal this by critically examining the discourses found within the texts. The core of the thesis discusses the visible and implicit power relations present in the heritage practices and the wider sector involving the indigenous sacred heritage. The primary source material consists of the Sacred Natural Sites – Guidelines for Protected Area Managers compiled by IUCN, the Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance, its practice note The Burra Charter and Indigenous Cultural Heritage Management and the Statement on Indigenous Cultural Heritage, produced by Australia ICOMOS. Critical Discourse Analysis is used as an analysis method and approach. The theoretical framework is based on the ideas presented in the Critical Heritage Studies, more specifically the Politics of Scale, concerning the issue of scale in the heritage field, and how heritage has commonly been understood and managed through the Authorized Heritage Discourse. The thesis shows that the existing power relations clearly preference the national scale of heritage, as well as the heritage practitioners in the management and overall control of indigenous sacred heritage. While the involvement of indigenous peoples is at times encouraged and even demanded, and some discourses present in the text give full control to indigenous peoples, these people ultimately have very little authority in the matters related to their heritage. The rights of indigenous peoples are only somewhat accommodated in the analyzed texts, partially due to the strong influence of the national scale, because the acknowledgment of the rights of indigenous peoples varies by country. en
dct.subject indigenous sacred heritage
dct.subject sacred natural sites
dct.subject indigenous peoples
dct.subject heritage management
dct.subject power relations
dct.subject politics of scale
dct.subject critical discourse analysis
dct.language en
ethesis.language englanti fi
ethesis.language English en
ethesis.language engelska sv
ethesis.supervisor Konttori, Johanna
ethesis.thesistype pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
ethesis.thesistype master's thesis en
ethesis.thesistype pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dct.identifier.ethesis E-thesisID:1c3519be-f608-49dc-aab7-c920ed813c73
ethesis-internal.timestamp.reviewStep 2019-11-14 14:50:12:708
dct.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201912194220
dc.type.dcmitype Text
ethesis.facultystudyline Uskontotiede fi
ethesis.facultystudyline Study of Religions en
ethesis.facultystudyline Religionsvetenskap sv
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Kulttuuriperinnön maisteriohjelma fi
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Master's Programme in Cultural Heritage en
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Magisterprogrammet i kulturarv sv

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