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Economic development and wellbeing or mere social costs? : an analysis of the justification of Lamu Port construction and its impacts on local fishing communities

Show simple item record 2021-01-20T06:25:57Z 2021-01-20T06:25:57Z 2021-01-20
dc.title Economic development and wellbeing or mere social costs? : an analysis of the justification of Lamu Port construction and its impacts on local fishing communities en
ethesis.discipline.URI none und
ethesis.faculty Valtiotieteellinen tiedekunta fi
ethesis.faculty Faculty of Social Sciences en
ethesis.faculty Statsvetenskapliga fakulteten sv
ethesis.faculty.URI Helsingin yliopisto fi University of Helsinki en Helsingfors universitet sv
dct.creator Malkamäki, Katariina
dct.issued 2020
dct.language.ISO639-2 eng
dct.abstract Chinese infrastructural investments in Africa have increased significantly. In mainstream development studies, such investments are strongly encouraged due to their potential to create economic growth and modernisation. Because of controversies around such projects, regarding their impacts on the economy and locals, they require continuing political-economic analysis. Using Lamu Port in Kenya as a case study, this thesis provides a critical analysis of the justification, planning, implementation and construction processes of the project are examined especially from the point of view of local artisanal fishermen. Framed around the theory of social costs developed by K.W.Kapp, as a critique of neoliberal modernisation, fieldwork was carried out in Lamu to systematically analyse both the official justification of the project and the perceptions of local fishers and other locals on the impacts of the port construction on their lives. Data collected from one-on-one interviews have been systematised using Attride-Stirling’s thematic networks analysis. Along with a textual analysis of original official documents by the Government of Kenya and the LAPSSET authority, the thesis avoids earlier problems of methodological nationalism and, instead, develops a holistic analysis of social costs. The results show that, while some local jobs have been created, they are temporary and marginal and are nowhere near significant enough to make up for the undermining of local livelihoods through the reduction of fish stocks. A wider question of food security and long-term job security needs to be raised. The local economy before the construction of the port was stagnant, but it was stable. New jobs related to port construction proved not to be available. Widespread discrimination against locals further complicates the social costs of public-private enterprise. These results show a lack of congruence between the statements by the Government of Kenya, the optimism by international development agencies, and modernisation theorists on the one hand and the lived realities of fishers on the other. The transnational corporations constructing the port in this case the China Communications Construction company have, in the meanwhile, continued to make more profit and increased the price of their share on the world market. This disconnect indicates one way in which development projects are socially constructed and justified, while the dominance of a profit-oriented capitalistic system shifts costs of production to third parties and the environment in order to continue to extract profit from the Global South. As these social costs are systemic, their remedy would require restructuring the institutional foundations of the local, national, and global political economy of development and change en
dct.subject development en
dct.subject critical development studies en
dct.subject infrastructure en
dct.subject ports en
dct.subject social costs en
dct.subject Lamu en
dct.subject Kenya en
dct.subject Africa en
dct.language en
ethesis.language.URI und
ethesis.language englanti fi
ethesis.language English en
ethesis.language engelska sv
ethesis.supervisor Obeng-Odoom, Franklin
ethesis.thesistype pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
ethesis.thesistype master's thesis en
ethesis.thesistype pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dct.identifier.ethesis E-thesisID:6f47ab8f-274d-4715-beef-a207bc57ccda
ethesis-internal.timestamp.reviewStep 2020-05-22 10:15:06:295
dct.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202101201299
dc.type.dcmitype Text
ethesis.facultystudyline Kehitysmaatutkimus fi
ethesis.facultystudyline Development Studies en
ethesis.facultystudyline U-landsforskning sv
ethesis.facultystudyline.URI und
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Yhteiskunnallisen muutoksen maisteriohjelma fi
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Master's Programme in Society and Change en
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Magisterprogrammet för samhälle i förändring sv
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram.URI und

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