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Mediating roles of food availability and parental role-modeling on the socioeconomic inequalities of children’s diet

Show simple item record 2021-11-10T08:31:05Z 2021-11-10T08:31:05Z 2021-11-10
dc.title Mediating roles of food availability and parental role-modeling on the socioeconomic inequalities of children’s diet en
ethesis.faculty Maatalous-metsätieteellinen tiedekunta fi
ethesis.faculty Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry en
ethesis.faculty Agrikultur- och forstvetenskapliga fakulteten sv
ethesis.faculty.URI Helsingin yliopisto fi University of Helsinki en Helsingfors universitet sv
dct.creator Serasinghe, Nithya
dct.issued 2021
dct.abstract The socioeconomic status (SES) of the family is associated with the food consumption of the children and this association is mediated by different mediators. This study had two aims; firstly, to determine the associations between the determinants of SES and children’s food consumption, secondly to assess the mediating effects of food availability and parental role-modeling of the above associations. Parental educational level and relative income of the family were studied as the determinants of SES. Children’s food consumption was measured under two categories; fruits & vegetables (FV) and sugary food & drinks (SFD). Data was obtained from the baseline data collection of the DAGIS intervention study in 2017 which was conducted in 32 preschools in Salo (N=29) and Riihimäki (N=3). A FFQ filled by the parents was used to determine children’s food consumption. Information on parental educational level, family income, food availability, and parental role-modeling was extracted from the self-administered parental questionnaire. Parents of 698 preschool children aged from 3 to 6 years filled the parental questionnaire. Spearman’s correlations tests were conducted to determine the associations between SES determinants and children’s food consumption. Mediating roles of food availability and parental role-modeling were assessed through mediation analysis using PROCESS version 3 macro for SPSS. Parental educational level was a statistically significant predictor of children's FV consumption. Family relative income did not predict FV or SFD consumption of the children. The multiple mediators model revealed that the association between the parental educational level and children’s consumption of FV was partially mediated by three mediators: the availability of FV, parental role-modeling of FV, and the availability of SFD. The association between the relative income of the family and children's consumption of FV was fully mediated by two mediators: home availability of FV, and parental role-modeling of FV. This study suggested parental educational level is a better predictor of children’s food consumption compared to family income. The mediation roles of food availability and parental role-modeling should be taken into account in developing interventions to improve the FV and SFD consumption of children in Finland. en
dct.subject Parental education
dct.subject family income
dct.subject mediation
dct.subject fruits & vegetables
dct.subject sugary food & drinks
ethesis.language englanti fi
ethesis.language English en
ethesis.language engelska sv
ethesis.supervisor Carola Ray, Henna Vepsäläinen und
ethesis.thesistype pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
ethesis.thesistype master's thesis en
ethesis.thesistype pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dct.identifier.ethesis E-thesisID:867b2099-6a61-4a35-be69-206552f063d4
ethesis-internal.timestamp.reviewStep 2021-10-11 08:42:59:232
ethesis.principalprofessor Mikael Fogelholm und
dct.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202111103987
ethesis.facultystudyline Ihmisen ravitsemus fi
ethesis.facultystudyline Human Nutrition en
ethesis.facultystudyline Human nutrition sv
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Ihmisen ravitsemuksen ja ruokakäyttäytymisen maisteriohjelma fi
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Master's Programme in Human Nutrition and Food Behaviour en
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Magisterprogrammet i human nutrition och matbeteende sv

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