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Consensus through different means. Finland, the Netherlands, and the persistence of EU restrictive measures : The role of small countries in the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy

Show simple item record 2021-11-30T13:21:22Z 2021-11-30T13:21:22Z 2021-11-30
dc.title Consensus through different means. Finland, the Netherlands, and the persistence of EU restrictive measures : The role of small countries in the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy en
ethesis.faculty Valtiotieteellinen tiedekunta fi
ethesis.faculty Faculty of Social Sciences en
ethesis.faculty Statsvetenskapliga fakulteten sv
ethesis.faculty.URI Helsingin yliopisto fi University of Helsinki en Helsingfors universitet sv
dct.creator van Bruggen, Merijn Adriaan
dct.issued 2021
dct.abstract In the past decades, sanctions have become a vital part of the European Union’s (EU) Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). To better understand decision-making within the CFSP, this work focuses on how the EU sanctions against Russia are upheld. It does so through the lens of the Netherlands and Finland, two small countries in the EU. The study concentrates on the way small countries participate in sanctions regimes, which is important due to the required unanimity for upholding sanctions. Both domestic dynamics for participating in sanctions as well as attitudes towards European cooperation are taken into account. By conducting a Qualitative Content Analysis (QCA) on parliamentary debates in Finland and the Netherlands from 2016, the study compares the interests and focus of national politicians when sanctions are under discussion. The material consists of approximately 170 units of coding per country, which originate from around 15 debates throughout the year. The results offer new insight into some of the factors affecting decision-making of small states in sanctions. The data shows that the Netherlands has a stricter stance towards upholding sanctions on Russia, whereas Finnish politicians highlight the impact of sanctions on Finland. In general, both the Netherlands and Finland are in favour of upholding sanctions, but strongly differ domestically in the way they go about the sanctions. In conclusion, this study finds that small EU countries present themselves as strongly supporting EU unity when sanctions are in place. Nevertheless, these countries differ significantly in domestic preferences, meaning that they participate in sanctions regimes through different means. en
dct.subject sanctions
dct.subject EU
dct.subject Common Foreign and Security Policy
dct.subject European integration
dct.subject Finnish politics
dct.subject Dutch politics
ethesis.language englanti fi
ethesis.language English en
ethesis.language engelska sv
ethesis.supervisor Lounasmeri, Lotta
ethesis.thesistype pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
ethesis.thesistype master's thesis en
ethesis.thesistype pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dct.identifier.ethesis E-thesisID:4c85c909-4a0e-4640-bbd6-5d466b649019
ethesis-internal.timestamp.reviewStep 2021-11-01 12:11:30:086
dct.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202111304121
ethesis.facultystudyline Social Sciences fi
ethesis.facultystudyline Social Sciences en
ethesis.facultystudyline Social Sciences sv
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Euroopan ja Pohjoismaiden tutkimuksen maisteriohjelma (European and Nordic Studies) fi
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Master's Programme in European and Nordic Studies en
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Magisterprogrammet i Europa- och Nordenstudier sv

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