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Social goals in Behavioural Activation : Relationships between goal characteristics and depressive symptoms

Show simple item record 2022-01-20T12:49:23Z 2022-01-20T12:49:23Z 2022-01-20
dc.title Social goals in Behavioural Activation : Relationships between goal characteristics and depressive symptoms en
ethesis.faculty Valtiotieteellinen tiedekunta fi
ethesis.faculty Faculty of Social Sciences en
ethesis.faculty Statsvetenskapliga fakulteten sv
ethesis.faculty.URI Helsingin yliopisto fi University of Helsinki en Helsingfors universitet sv
dct.creator Kunnas, Jonatan
dct.issued 2022 und
dct.abstract Depression is a common debilitating mental disorder. It is suffered by more than 320 million people globally and can involve symptoms such as loss of appetite and interest, frequent sadness, rumination, inactivity, and possible suicidal ideation. The World Health Organization has described the condition as the leading cause of global disability, a health crisis that causes significant human suffering and financial losses, both of which are avoidable through treatment. However, the causal relations of the condition are ambiguous as many of the symptoms have been found to be predispositions, comorbid, as well as causes of the disorder, which has led to a myriad of competing theories on the causes and treatment of depression. Focusing on the psychological theories of depression, these differences can not only be understood through historical debates, but also as fundamental contemporary questions relating to what mental health is and how an individual possibly evaluates subjective well-being (SWB). These are not definitive concepts, as presented in this paper, but a social psychological perspective can help the reader to create a more nuanced picture that assists in discerning the examined phenomenon. Despite the many uncertainties on what depression is and how best to treat it, the disorder has for the last four decades been most often diagnosed as Major Depressive Disorder and successfully treated through Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). However, this treatment has recently been gaining criticism for being too costly and unnecessarily complicated, in addition to showing evidence of selection and publication bias. One persuasive alternative to CBT is the cost-effective Behavioural Activation treatment (BA), a method that aims to behaviourally reactivate the patient through goals that are set in a handful of sessions, but as a relatively recent method, more research is needed on, among other things, the goal characteristics. There is potential that reactivating the social life among the depressed presents a more effective goal than other goals defined during treatment. As a functioning social life is emphasised by researchers on mental health and SWB, it could be that breaking the habit of social withdrawal is key for cost-effective depression treatment. The aim of this master’s thesis is therefore to present a wide array of research on mental health and depression, to situate BA to modern understandings of depression, and to argue for the potential in defining social goals in BA. This is investigated through multi-level modelling and linear regression analyses on survey data that was gathered in England from participants who were enrolled in BA as a part of their Low Intensity Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for depression. The results were non-significant, indicating heterogenous data, extraneous variables, and mixed results – factors that are not entirely surprising given the variability relating to the syndrome and utilised methods. These are subsequently summarised in a conducive discussion held at the end of the paper along with a review of limitations and future research. en
dct.subject Depression
dct.subject Behavioural Activation
dct.subject social goals
dct.subject multi-level modelling
dct.subject regression analysis
ethesis.language englanti fi
ethesis.language English en
ethesis.language engelska sv
ethesis.supervisor Knittle, Keegan
ethesis.thesistype pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
ethesis.thesistype master's thesis en
ethesis.thesistype pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dct.identifier.ethesis E-thesisID:96c0e6ee-0378-49bc-aa51-3f3b8528f474
ethesis-internal.timestamp.reviewStep 2021-12-10 10:56:11:353
dct.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202201201037
dct.alternative Sociala mål inom beteendeaktivering : Förhållanden mellan målegenskaper och depressionssymptom sv
ethesis.facultystudyline Sosiaalipsykologia fi
ethesis.facultystudyline Social Psychology en
ethesis.facultystudyline Socialpsykologi sv
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Sosiaalitieteiden maisteriohjelma (SOSM) fi
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Master 's Programme in Social Research (SOSM) en
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Magisterprogrammet i sociala vetenskaper (SOSM) sv

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