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Linear l^2 decoupling through multilinear estimates

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Title: Linear l^2 decoupling through multilinear estimates
Author(s): Laukkarinen, Aapo
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Science
Degree program: Master 's Programme in Mathematics and Statistics
Specialisation: Mathematics
Language: English
Acceptance year: 2022
In this thesis we study the article by J. Bourgain and C. Demeter called A study guide for the l^2 decoupling theorem. In particular, we hope to give an in detail exposition to certain results from the aforementioned research article so that this text combined with the master’s thesis On the l^2 decoupling theorem by Jaakko Sinko covers the l^2 decoupling theorem comprehensively in the range 2 ≤ p ≤ 2n/(n−1). The results in this text also self-sufficiently motivate the use of the extension operator and explain why it is possible to prove linear decouplings with multilinear estimates. We begin the thesis by giving the basic notation and highlighting some useful results from analysis and linear algebra that are later used in the thesis. In the second chapter we introduce and prove a certain multilinear Kakeya inequality, which asserts an upper bound for the overlap of neighbourhoods of nearly axis parallel lines in R^n that point in different directions. In the next chapter this is applied to prove a multilinear cube inflation inequality, which is one of the main mechanisms in the proof of the l^2 decoupling theorem. In the fourth chapter we study two forms of linear decoupling. One that is defined by an extension operator and one that defined via Fourier restriction. The main result of this chapter is that the former is strong enough to produce decoupling inequalities that are of the latter form. The fifth chapter is reserved for comparing linear and multilinear decouplings. Here we use the main result of the previous chapter to prove that multilinear estimates can produce linear decouplings, if the lower dimensional decoupling constant is somehow contained. This paves the way for the induction proof of the l^2 decoupling theorem.
Keyword(s): Decoupling Fourier analysis Harmonic analysis Multilinear Kakeya inequality

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