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Security in a contemporary context: Modelling expressed commitment to national defence in Finland, 2020

Show simple item record 2022-05-18T12:27:39Z 2022-05-18T12:27:39Z 2022-05-18
dc.title Security in a contemporary context: Modelling expressed commitment to national defence in Finland, 2020 en
ethesis.faculty Valtiotieteellinen tiedekunta fi
ethesis.faculty Faculty of Social Sciences en
ethesis.faculty Statsvetenskapliga fakulteten sv
ethesis.faculty.URI Helsingin yliopisto fi University of Helsinki en Helsingfors universitet sv
dct.creator Häggblom, Erasmus
dct.issued 2022 und
dct.abstract The diverse range of threats to contemporary states mean that a high level of commitment to national defence is required effectively implement defensive doctrine. States need an accurate picture of the commitment to national defence among their citizens. However, research on the topic has been sparse. There is also limited knowledge regarding the factors that can be used to predict expressed commitment to national defence. This thesis examines data from the 2020 Advisory Board for Defence Information (ABDI) survey (N = 1169) on Finnish opinions on national defence using binary logistic regression. The survey consisted of in-person interviews (N = 500) and an online questionnaire (N = 669). The response rate for the survey was 21.8% for online participants and not reported for in-person interviews. Commitment to national defence is operationalised through questions on general and personal will to defend the country, which are examined separately and combined to represent the concept of national defence thought. The rate of positive responses to the dependent variables is examined by hierarchically constructing four regression models for each dependent variable followed by a final, simplified model. The chosen predictors are organised thematically and utilise demographic, socioeconomic, personal circumstance and geographic background information on the respondents. The primary predictors are the participants’ gender (53.9% male, 46.1% female) and age (age range 15-79). The thesis finds that the respondents’ gender and age are key predictors of expressed commitment to national defence. Men and older participants express higher levels of commitment compared to women and younger respondents. The respondents’ socioeconomic status, personal circumstance and geographic location are inconsistently associated with their expressed commitment to national defence. The association between commitment to national defence and gender does not change when additional predictors are added to the model. The respondents’ age is found be more strongly associated with their personal will to defend the country when controlling for their retirement status. This effect has not previously been identified in the literature and warrants examination in future research. The key finding of the study is the important role of gender and age as predictors of commitment to national defence. en
dct.subject National defence
dct.subject gendered differences
dct.subject security
dct.subject commitment to defence
dct.subject generational divide
ethesis.language englanti fi
ethesis.language English en
ethesis.language engelska sv
ethesis.supervisor Laihiala, Tuomo
ethesis.thesistype pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
ethesis.thesistype master's thesis en
ethesis.thesistype pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dct.identifier.ethesis E-thesisID:825bc7b1-370e-426a-86d2-fc850eecde80
dct.subject.YSOFI maanpuolustus und
dct.subject.YSOFI kansallinen turvallisuus und
dct.subject.YSOFI sukupuolierot und
dct.subject.YSOFI ikäerot und
dct.subject.YSOFI maanpuolustustahto und
ethesis-internal.timestamp.reviewStep 2022-04-14 15:33:06:345
dct.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202205182062
dct.alternative Turvallisuus nyky-yhteiskunnassa: suomalaisten maanpuolustukseen sitoutumisen mallinnus, 2020 fi
ethesis.facultystudyline Yhteiskuntapolitiikka fi
ethesis.facultystudyline Social and Public Policy en
ethesis.facultystudyline Samhällspolitik sv
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Nyky-yhteiskunnan tutkimuksen maisteriohjelma fi
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Master's Programme in Contemporary Societies en
ethesis.mastersdegreeprogram Magisterprogrammet i moderna samhällen sv

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