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Potential risks associated with some commonly used drugs among older people in institutional settings - focus on proton pump inhibitors and drugs with anticholinergic properties

Mariko Teramura-Grönblad

Background: Frail older people in institutional settings are known to suffer from comorbidities and are often administered a high number of concomitant drugs. They are therefore prone to polypharmacy, adverse drug effects, and drug-drug interactions (DDIs). Older people living in assisted living represent a particularly frail segment of the elderly population, and a large proportion of t...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 30.3.2017

Judeans of Egypt in the Persian period (539-332 BCE) in light of the Aramaic Documents

Esko Siljanen

This study aims at finding out what kind of picture the Aramaic documents found from Egypt present about Judeans of Egypt in the Persian period (539-332 BCE). The main research questions are: (1) What picture do the Aramaic documents discovered from Persian-period Egypt provide about the Judean settlement of Egypt during the same period in question? (2) How do these documents present the...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 31.3.2017

Projectified Environmental Governance and Challenges of Institutional Change toward Sustainability

Johan Munck af Rosenschöld

Research has shown that we are facing multiple urgent sustainability challenges in the ways in which our societies are organized. To address these challenges we need governance systems that are adaptive in order to absorb new knowledge and creative in order to generate innovative solutions. Yet, institutional inertia , or the tendency of institutions to resist change, slows down the adap...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 31.3.2017

Virus-host systems in sea ice

Anne-Mari Luhtanen

Sea ice is one of the largest habitats on Earth. A specialized microbial community lives inside the narrow brine channels that are formed during freezing process, when salt and other components from sea water concentrate between ice crystals. These microbes have an active role in the biogeochemistry of the sea ice by primary production, degradation of material and excreation of compounds...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 31.3.2017

Key drivers of stream water quality along an urban-rural transition - a watershed-scale perspective

Maija Taka

Detecting trends in stream water quality is one of the key objectives of environmental monitoring. Identifying factors controlling stream water pollutants is challenging due to the diversity of potential sources, pathways, and processes. Natural processes regulating the water quality of a watershed are often affected by anthropogenic activities, resulting in the redistribution of runoff ...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 31.3.2017

Catastrophic yield risks and the demand for crop insurance in Finland

Petri Liesivaara

The emphasis in crop damage compensation in the EU is moving from government-run programmes and disaster relief to insurances based on public private partnership (PPP). Before 2015 member states had the opportunity to finance crop insurance premium subsidies from national budget under Article 68 of Pillar one regulation. From 2015 onwards, member states have had the option to co-finance ...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 31.3.2017

Deep Groundwater Evolution at Outokumpu, Eastern Finland: From Meteoric Water to Saline Gas-Rich Fluid

Riikka Kietäväinen

Within Precambrian continental shields, saline, gas-rich groundwaters are found in all over the world from bedrock fractures and pore spaces in the upper crust. Several processes, from seawater evaporation or freezing followed by infiltration to water rock interaction, have been suggested to be responsible for the characteristic features of these waters. In addition to reactions between ...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 31.3.2017

Improving the Palatability of Minitablets for Feline Medication

Jaana Hautala

Product acceptability and administration of drugs on a free choice basis are key factors determining the success of peroral veterinary medication, and are particularly important when treating chronic diseases of companion animals. Veterinary medicines found unpalatable and repulsive in odour, taste or form will result in refused voluntary intake. Particularly with cats, the issues relate...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 31.3.2017

Extracellular lipid particles in atherosclerosis and aortic stenosis

Satu Lehti

Aortic stenosis and athrosclerosis are slowly progressing diseases. Being clinically silent, as they start developing decades before they cause symptoms, cardiovascular diseases and atherosclerosis in particular, are the leading cause of morbitidy and mortality in the Western world. Lipid accumulation begins both in the artery walls and in the aortic valves before any clinical signs of a...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 31.3.2017

Induction of labor by Foley catheter

Heidi Kruit

The rates of induction of labor (IOL) are rising worldwide; currently every fourth labor is induced. Prostaglandins and balloon catheters, including Foley catheter (FC), are available for IOL. The vaginal delivery rates are comparable, but FC is associated with lower risk of uterine hyperstimulation and adverse events. The mechanism of FC use consists of direct mechanical dilation of the...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 31.3.2017

Dimension estimates for Kakeya sets defined in an axiomatic setting

Laura Venieri

In this dissertation we define a generalization of Kakeya sets in certain metric spaces. Kakeya sets in Euclidean spaces are sets of zero Lebesgue measure containing a segment of length one in every direction. A famous conjecture, known as Kakeya conjecture, states that the Hausdorff dimension of any Kakeya set should equal the dimension of the space. It was proved only in the plane, whe...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 31.3.2017

Treatment of organic aromatic contaminants in soil with fungi and biochar

Festus Anasonye

Soils that are contaminated with organic aromatic compounds such as polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) have previously been treated by combustion at elevated temperatures. Although, combustion is effective, it is expensive due to high energy and equipment requirements. However, innovative technol...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 31.3.2017

Brain activations related to attention and working memory and their association with technology-mediated activities

Mona Moisala

Executive functions are pivotal in our everyday lives, as they form the basis for complex and goal-directed behavior. For example, the ability to maintain information in memory while making a decision requires executive processes. Whether or not executive functions can exhibit experience-dependent changes is still a topic of debate, but generally accepted principles of brain plasticity s...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 31.3.2017

Anvisningar och uppmaningar i klassrumsinteraktion - Lärarens direktiv i svenskundervisningen i finska skolor

Johanna Hyytiäinen

Studien behandlar lärarens direktiv i svenskundervisningen i finska skolor. Syftet är att komma underfund med hur läraren använder direktiv i sin undervisning för att upprätthålla arbetsro i klassrummet samt för att ge instruktioner för övningar. Materialet har samlats in på två högstadier och i två gymnasier och det består av 32 lektioner (cirka 25 timmar). Fyra kvinnliga lärare som all...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 31.3.2017

Ludic Surveillance : Examining mundane surveillance practices at the interface of control and play

Liisa A. Mäkinen

This doctoral thesis investigates private surveillance practices in everyday life, ranging from control-related monitoring to watching for familial care, for both practical and playful purposes. The focus is on individual camera surveillance practices in private and semi-private places such as homes and recreational surroundings. The work is located in the field of Surveillance Studies.

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Väitöstilaisuus: 31.3.2017

Free and Open Source Software Licensing - and the Mystery of Licensor's Patents

Anna Haapanen

The study concerns overlapping intellectual property rights patents and copyrights in computer programs under the US and EU law including the national laws of Finland. The focus of the study is the less frequently studied subject of patents in context of free and open source software (FOSS) licensing and specifically, exhaustion of patents and grant of implied patent licenses in context ...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 1.4.2017

Towards a typology of participles

Ksenia Shagal

The dissertation is a typological study of participles based on the concept of participle specifically designed for cross-linguistic comparison. In a few words, participles are defined as non-finite verb forms that can be employed for adnominal modification, e.g. the form written in the book [written by my supervisor]. The study is based on the data from more than 100 genetically and geo...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 1.4.2017

Backyard poultry flocks in Finland - an infection risk to commercial poultry or humans?

Leena Pohjola

There is an increasing interest in keeping backyard poultry in many countries, including Finland. However, several studies in Western Europe and North America have identified the involvement of backyard poultry flocks in avian influenza virus outbreaks occurring in commercial poultry. In addition, commonly without any signs of illness, poultry can be carriers of enteric bacterial agents ...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 7.4.2017

Antimicrobial resistance in the major respiratory tract pathogens - methods and epidemiology

Pauliina Kärpänoja

The increasing trend of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria is a global problem, although resistance varies between geographical regions significantly. Today, common bacterial pathogens can be resistant to all known antimicrobial agents. The growing resistance has been linked to increasing use of antimicrobials in humans, food industry ant veterinary medicine in several studies. The bat...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 7.4.2017

Justification and optimization of dental panoramic tomography and lateral cephalometric radiography among Finnish children

Elmira Pakbaznejad Esmaeili

Orthodontic treatment is common especially among children and adolescents. A dental panoramic tomograph (DPT) and a lateral cephalometric radiograph (LCR) are the main radiographic tools for orthodontic treatment planning. Children own higher radiosensitivity than adults, because of their developmental and physiological status. Therefore, during dental extra-oral radiography of children,...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 7.4.2017

Self-reported features of borderline and schizotypal personality disorders in patients with mood disorders

Ilya Baryshnikov

Mood disorders and both Borderline (BPD) and Schizotypal (SPD) Personality Disorder often co-occur. BPD shares some similar symptoms with both bipolar disorder (BD) and SPD, resulting in difficulties in distinguishing them. The first aim of the study was to define similarities and differences in self-reported features of BD and BPD. The second aim was to determine the overlapping and non...

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Väitöstilaisuus: 7.4.2017

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Tapiola Sinfoniettan kolmikko- ja identiteettijohtajuus. Ylikapellimestarista kolmikkojohtajuuteen – laadullinen asennetutkimus

Salonen, Lauri / 27.03.2017

Tapiola Sinfoniettan kolmikko- ja identiteettijohtajuus. Ylikapellimestarista kolmikkojohtajuuteen – laadullinen asennetutkimus Salonen, Lauri Tutkielman lähestymistapana on case-tutkimus, jonka kohteena on Espoon kaupunginorkesteri Tapiola Sinfonietta. Orkesterilla ei ole ylikapellimestaria vaan poikkeuksellinen johtamisratkaisu, joka perustuu intendentin ja kahden muusikon muodostamaan...

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Laitoksesta kotiin - Lapsen huostaanotto ja kotiutuminen vanhempien kertomuksissa

Koikson, Marii / 27.03.2017

Laitoksesta kotiin - Lapsen huostaanotto ja kotiutuminen vanhempien kertomuksissa Koikson, Marii Tutkielmassa tarkastellaan lapsen sijoitusta ja sen jälkeistä kotiutumista huostaanoton kokeneiden vanhempien kertomana. Kiinnostuksen kohteena on, minkälaisia merkityksiä vanhemmat antavat kertomuksissaan vanhemmuudelle, lapsen toiminnalle ja lapsen ja vanhemman suhteelle aikaulottuvuudella ...

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LAPSEN ETU LASTENSUOJELUTAPREEN SELVITYSPROSESSIN ASIAKIRJOIS-SA HUOLTO- JA TAPAAMISRIITA-ASIAKKUUKSISSA

KAHKOLA, SANNA / 27.03.2017

LAPSEN ETU LASTENSUOJELUTAPREEN SELVITYSPROSESSIN ASIAKIRJOIS-SA HUOLTO- JA TAPAAMISRIITA-ASIAKKUUKSISSA KAHKOLA, SANNA Tiedekunta/Osasto – Fakultet/Sektion – Faculty Valtiotieteellinen tiedekunta Laitos – Institution – Department Sosiaalityön laitos Tekijä – Författare – Author Sanna Kristiina Kähkölä Työn nimi – Arbetets titel – Title Lapsen etu lastensuojelutarpeen selvity...

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Lastensuojelun sosiaalityöntekijöiden käsitykset lastensuojelun julkisuuskuvasta

Kemppainen, Jasmin / 27.03.2017

Lastensuojelun sosiaalityöntekijöiden käsitykset lastensuojelun julkisuuskuvasta Kemppainen, Jasmin Tutkimukseni käsittelee lastensuojelun julkisuuskuvaa lastensuojelun sosiaalityöntekijöiden käsityksissä ja kertomuksissa. Tutkimukseni tavoitteena on saada sosiaalityöntekijöiden tieto lastensuojelun julkisuuskuvasta näkyviin ja korostaa tutkittavia tiedon tuottajina. Tutkimuksessa sosiaa...

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