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Genetic and Metabolic Features in Host Specificity and Stress Tolerance of Potential Inoculant Rhizobia

Petri Penttinen

Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for plants. Biological and industrial nitrogen fixation are the major sources of soil nitrogen. This study focuses on rhizobia that are the bacterial partners in the biologically nitrogen fixing symbiosis between leguminous plants and bacteria. In symbiosis, the plant and the rhizobia form a specified organ called nodule. In the nodule rhizobia different...

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Public examination: 19.9.2014

Factors in the environment, viruses and host responses affecting the epidemiolgy of tick-borne encephalitis virus in northern Europe

Elina Tonteri

Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) circulates mainly in the Ixodes ricinus and Ixodes persulcatus tick species, which serve both as hosts and vectors for the virus. Wild rodents are considered as bridges for non-viremic transmission between the ticks, which is the most important maintenance factor for TBEV. The fragile maintenance cycle of the virus is affected by climates and availabi...

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Public examination: 19.9.2014

Dynamics of nuclear actin

Kari-Pekka Skarp

The notion of actin in the nucleus has slowly garnered popularity over the decades transforming the protein from an obscure artefact into a target of extreme curiosity in that compartment. Actin has been associated with a whole spectrum of nuclear functions, which directly or undirectly connect the protein with the most important nuclear function, transcription. However, it is currently ...

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Public examination: 19.9.2014

Health problems of Finnish travellers : Focus on infections

Heli Siikamäki

Study I analyzed Finnish travellers health problems abroad during 2010 2012. Information was drawn from a database kept by an assistance organization of insurance companies covering 95% of Finnish cases requiring aid abroad. The study included 50 710 cases. These data were compared to numbers of Finnish travellers from the Official Statistics of Finland to calculate incidences of illness...

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Public examination: 19.9.2014

Karnevalistinen henki : Algot Untolan varhaistuotanto ja virallisen kulttuurin muutos 1900-luvun alussa

Irma Tapaninen

This dissertation examines Finnish writer Algot Untola's (1868 1918) artistic mission in writing his first novel Harhama and presents a new interpretation. The research task focused on understanding the logic of his creative activity between the years 1906 1909. According to the main hypothesis Harhama and his other writings belong to the carnivalesque genre, which is always opposed to t...

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Public examination: 19.9.2014

Talking about food does not appease hunger : Phrases on hunger in Chan (Zen) Buddhist texts

Anu Niemi

Chinese Buddhist texts contain expressions that deal with metaphorical hunger. These phrases appear at different times and in different contexts, beginning with Indian sutras that were translated into Chinese, and ending with Classical Chan (Jap. Zen) Buddhist texts. Each context is new, and one can understand the different expressions in different ways. Some expressions can be understoo...

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Public examination: 20.9.2014

Restoring Corporate Governance to Lawyers : An Attempt at Corporate Normative Jurisprudence as an Alternative to the Reign of Law and Economics

Javier Alberto Reyes Gomez

Law & Economics is the hegemonic framework in mainstream corporate governance theory and praxis. It permeates how legal scholars see corporations, how they must be managed, and to which ends they should be geared to. Because large amount of power is concentrated and exercised through corporations, the fact that law & economics is both a descriptive and a normative theory has an impact on...

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Public examination: 20.9.2014

Postmoderni liikkeessä : Tulkintoja 1980-luvun suomalaisesta tanssista

Aino Kukkonen

The dissertation examines how postmodernism is present in the works of three central Finnish contemporary choreographers, who show that a move was made towards postmodernism in Finnish dance during the 1980s. In international dance research, "post-modern" has been a contested term. Even though the debate over its use goes back decades in the arts, social sciences and philosophy, this is ...

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Public examination: 20.9.2014

Assessment of myocardial infarction injury by strain rate imaging and body surface potential mapping

Minna Kylmälä

Myocardial infarct size is clinically relevant, affecting heart function and patient prognosis. After myocardial infarction (MI), it is important to establish whether myocardial dysfunction is due to permanent infarct damage, or if the myocardium is viable, in which case contraction may be improved by revascularization. Established methods for assessing infarct size and viability, such a...

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Public examination: 26.9.2014

Genetic control of susceptibility to fungal symbionts of juvenile Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) H. Karsten) in relation to long-term growth performance

Sannakajsa Velmala

This study was carried out in order to reveal the degree to which host-tree factors influence the interaction between Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) and the endophytic (EN) and ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) found in their needles and roots, respectively. We also explored how susceptibility to fungal infection and the composition and functionality of associated fungal communities r...

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Public examination: 26.9.2014

Indirect Speech and Language Therapy for Individuals with Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities : An Ecological Perspective

Katja Koski

Staff members' communication strategies determine how individuals with profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD) can more fully participate in their community. Such individuals often possess limited interaction skills and may never be able to use symbolic communication strategies. Since staff members are often the main communication partners for individuals with PMLD, achieving ...

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Public examination: 26.9.2014

Large-scale data analysis to identify novel disease phenotypes and genes

Eevi Kaasinen

Diseases can occur due to genetic changes that alter the normal function of genes. These alterations may be either inherited or acquired somatically during lifetime. Aims of this thesis work were to efficiently analyze large quantities of epidemiological and molecular data, and to characterize new susceptibility conditions and genetic causes of human diseases. First, genetic basis of rig...

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Public examination: 26.9.2014

Leaf traits associated with drought adaptation in faba bean (Vicia faba L.)

Hamid Khazaei

The potential for use of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is increasing worldwide due to its positive environmental impact and nutritional interest, but there are many challenges for faba bean breeding and cultivation. These include its mixed breeding system, its unknown origin and wild progenitor, its large genome being the biggest diploid genome among field crops, and its relative sensitivity...

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Public examination: 26.9.2014

First name choices in Zagreb and Sofia

Johanna Virkkula

This study explores reasons for first name choice for children using a survey carried out in two places: Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, and Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. The outcomes of the analysis are twofold: reasons for name choice in the two communities are explored, and the application of survey methods to studies of name choice is discussed. The theoretical framework of the stu...

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Public examination: 27.9.2014

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The effects of interleukin-22 and -17 on beta-cell destruction in vitro

Kilpeläinen, Niko / 16.09.2014

The effects of interleukin-22 and -17 on beta-cell destruction in vitro Kilpeläinen, Niko Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a chronic autoimmune disease in which insulin-producing beta-cells in pancreatic islets are destroyed by the body's own immune system. Patients with T1D require a life-long treatment with exogenous insulin. In Finland the incidence of T1D is the highest in the world. Int...

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Vanhoillislestadiolaisuuden hyväksikäyttötapaukset julkisessa keskustelussa 2010-2014

Niva, Ville / 18.09.2014

Vanhoillislestadiolaisuuden hyväksikäyttötapaukset julkisessa keskustelussa 2010-2014 Niva, Ville Pro gradu -tutkielmassani tutkin julkista keskustelua vanhoillislestadiolaisuuden hyväksikäyttötapauksista 2010 2014. Sanomalehtilähteinäni käytän Helsingin Sanomia, Kotimaata, Kalevaa ja Päivämiestä. Näiden lisäksi lähteinäni on yksittäisiä artikkeleja esimerkiksi Rauhan Tervehdyksestä. Tär...

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Havaintoja käännösratkaisuista al-Bundārīn arabiankielisessä käännöksessä Firdawsīn Šāhnāmasta

Harjumäki, Jouni / 16.09.2014

Havaintoja käännösratkaisuista al-Bundārīn arabiankielisessä käännöksessä Firdawsīn Šāhnāmasta Harjumäki, Jouni Tutkielman kohteena on historioitsija Fatḥ ibn ʿAlī al-Bundārīn 1200-luvun alussa tekemä arabiankielinen proosakäännös Abū al-Qāsim Firdawsīn persiankielisestä runoelmasta, Šāhnāmasta. Tavoitteena on kuvata al-Bundārīn käännöstä tarkastelemalla hänen tekemiään käännösratkaisu...

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Muistin merkitys Roland Barthesin Valoisassa huoneessa : Valokuvateoreettinen tulkinta Marcel Proustin muistitematiikasta

Lehtinen (o.s. Mattila), Sanna / 17.09.2014

Muistin merkitys Roland Barthesin Valoisassa huoneessa : Valokuvateoreettinen tulkinta Marcel Proustin muistitematiikasta Lehtinen (o.s. Mattila), Sanna Tutkielmassa tarkastellaan muistia, sen toimintaa sekä merkitystä Roland Barthesin valokuvateoreettisessa teoksessa Valoisa huone (1981). Teoksen suhde Jean-Paul Sartren varhaiseen fenomenologiseen kauteen selventää siinä ilmenevää lähes...

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