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Contrasti e commistioni - Plurilinguismo, dialetto e metalingua nella narrativa italiana contemporanea

Riikka Ala-Risku

The topic of the dissertation is multilingualism, dialect and metalanguage in contemporary Italian fiction. In spite of pessimistic prophecies, dialects have resurfaced in fiction since the 1990s, and a number of authors have chosen to use them alongside and mixed with Italian in their literary works. This research analyses 33 fictional prose works published between 1991 and 2011 by 11 I...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

Life in extreme environments: Physiological changes in host cells during the infection of halophilic archaeal viruses

Julija Svirskaite

rchaea were discovered only 4-5 decades ago. The majority of archaea and their viruses originate from extreme environments many of which are characterized by thriving in extreme salinities. The number of isolated archaeal viruses is just a small fraction of the known viruses. Such a lack of knowledge warrants further studies on archaeal viruses and their life cycles. The exit of mature p...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

The hERG1 (KV11.1) potassium channel: its modulation and the functional characterisation of genetic variants

Hugh Chapman

The human ether á-go-go related gene (hERG1 or KCNH2) encodes the pore forming subunit of the cardiac delayed rectifier potassium (IKr) channel. Its unique kinetics result in a resurgent current crucial for the repolarisation of the cardiac action potential and a capability to suppress premature excitation. hERG1 is widely expressed with roles e.g. in neuronal firing, intestinal and uter...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

SETELIPELIÄ - Tutkimus palveluseteliä säännöllisessä kotihoidossa käyttävien iäkkäiden henkilöiden valinnanvapaudesta

Kirsi Kuusinen-James

Monet viime vuosien aikana Suomessa tehdyistä sosiaali- ja terveydenhuollon lainsäädännön muutoksista liittyvät palvelun käyttäjän valinnanvapauden laajentamiseen. Valinnanvapauden toteuttamisesta sosiaalipalveluissa on kuitenkin selkeästi vähemmän tietoa kuin valinnanvapaudesta terveydenhuollossa. Tutkimustehtävänäni oli tarkastella sitä, miten valinnanvapaus ja kuluttajuus rakentuvat s...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

Decomposition of the 20th century climate variability

Teija Seitola

The ability of climate models to simulate the climate variability is of great importance when considering the reliability of, for instance, multi-annual or longer-term predictions. The aim of this thesis is to study the 20th century low-frequency variability patterns in the Earth system and how these patterns are represented by the current modelling systems. Another, equally important ob...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

Visual Theaters of Suffering - Constituting the Western Spectator in the Age of the Humanitarian World Politics

Noora Kotilainen

Visual images picturing suffering of others are in many ways forceful; they move their spectators emotionally and politically. Images of wars, crisis and suffering communicate humanity, the peril it is in, as well as the need to protect it and to alleviate suffering. Emotive images of bodily suffering affect the understanding of not only the immediate crisis they depict but of the surrou...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

Natural Products as a Source for Rational Antichlamydial Lead-Discovery

Elina Karhu

Chlamydia pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) and Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) are among the most common infectious microbes in humans. C. pneumoniae represents approximately 10% of community-acquired pneumonias worldwide. Statistically, everyone becomes infected 2-3 times during their lifetimes. The persistent form of C. pneumoniae is associated with other chronic diseases, such as ast...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

Dynamics of soil carbon and nitrogen in changing boreal environments

Merjo Laine

Anthropogenic actions and climate change greatly affect e.g. carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycles in soils. The consequences can differ in various soil types. The changes in soil C and N cycles may also have an effect on adjacent aquatic systems and in the atmosphere. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC), N, and phosphorus (P) loads to aquatic ecosystems in general have caused concern. In this t...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

Multidetector computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of acute knee trauma

Erno Peltola

The main purpose of this thesis was to evaluate the incidence, injury patterns and MRI and MDCT findings of the acute trauma patients with knee dislocation, patellar dislocation, Segond fracture and reverse Segond fracture, and also to examine dual-energy computed tomography in evaluating cruciate ligament injuries. At a level 1 trauma center, emergency department acute trauma patients M...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

Aerosol number size distribution in the boreal environment: spatio-temporal variation

Riikka Väänänen

Atmospheric aerosols have an impact on the global radiation budget, and thus on climate, they reduce the air quality and visibility, and have multiple harmful health effects. The climatic significance of aerosols result from their ability to scatter and absorb solar radiation, and, if being large enough, mediate the cloud albedo and lifetime by acting as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). ...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

Raman Spectroscopy and Surface Plasmon Resonance as Photonic Tools for Biopharmaceutical Applications

Tatu Rojalin

Biophotonics is an emerging area of scientific research that uses light of photons to probe biological specimens, such as tissues, cells and molecules. The field of biophotonics is broad and considerably multidisciplinary. Therefore the prerequisite for understanding biophotonics is the capability to integrate the fundamental knowledge of the physics of light with perspectives of enginee...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

Groundwater vulnerability of a shallow low-lying coastal aquifer in southern Finland under climate change

Samrit Luoma

This thesis clarifies the potential impacts of climate change and sea-level rise under future climate scenarios on groundwater recharge and surface leakage, and consequently on the groundwater vulnerability of a shallow, unconfined, low-lying coastal sedimentary aquifer in southern Finland. The study utilised multiple approaches, including field investigations, well monitoring, three-dim...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

From League of Nations Mandates to Decolonization - A History of the Language of Rights in International Law

Taina Tuori

The purpose of this study is to research the emergence of rights language in the mandates system of the League of Nations. After the First World War, the League of Nation mandates were established as a solution to the problem of what to do with the former colonies of the defeated states. An internationalized administration was set up in 1919 by the Allied powers, who occupied the former ...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

A test to pass or a tool for growth? Evaluating the usefulness of the psychological assessment of ministerial aspirants

Aura Nortomaa

Working as a pastor has become increasingly demanding in an era of boundaryless work and in a landscape of declining institutionalized religion. Amidst these sociological changes, the selection of a new pastor is a challenging task. Therefore, psychological assessments are nowadays frequently used by churches in the recruitment process. This study examined the usefulness of the psycholog...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

Combinatorial Algorithms with Applications in Learning Graphical Models

Juho-Kustaa Kangas

Graphical models are a framework for representing joint distributions over random variables. By capturing the structure of conditional independencies between the variables, a graphical model can express the distribution in a concise factored form that is often efficient to store and reason about. As constructing graphical models by hand is often infeasible, a lot of work has been devoted...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

Brain Immune Gene Network in Inbred Mouse Models of Anxiety- and Sociability-related Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Li Ma

Interactions between the brain and the immune system provide a complex microenvironment for brain development. Furthermore, these interactions cause behavioral changes in rodents and humans. Multiple molecules of the immune system in the brain can regulate neural development. Microglia, the resident phagocytes in the central nervous system (CNS), dynamically survey their microenvironment...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

Transcription factor Foxi3 in Hair Follicle Development and Homeostasis

Vera Shirokova

Development of the organ and its regeneration in adulthood are highly related events and are often guided by similar molecular cues. The hair follicle undergoes repetitive cycles of growth and represents an ideal model for studying both development and regeneration. Hair follicle is an ectodermally-derived organ formed trough interaction of embryonic epithelium and mesenchyme. Once morph...

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Public examination: 9.12.2016

Palaeoenvironments of the Pliopithecoid primates - New evidence from the middle Miocene locality Damiao, Inner Mongolia, China

Leena Sukselainen

Pliopithecoidea is an extinct and diverse superfamily of primitive catarrhine primates with no known descendants. They first appear in the fossil record in the late early Miocene China, ca. 18 17 million years ago (Ma). They were widely distributed throughout Eurasia between ca. 17 and 7 Ma and were among the first primates to be discovered and described. Despite their wide distribution,...

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Public examination: 10.12.2016

Creating A Sense of Membership in Basic Education - The contributions of Schoolwide Events

Pia-Maria Niemi

This study investigates the ways that schoolwide events can contribute to the creation of membership in a school community. An essential aspect of school life across grade levels and national contexts, the sense of membership refers to a situation in which a student is accepted as part of a group by others and feels connected with the other members of the community. The importance of mem...

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Public examination: 10.12.2016

Why share? : Motivational Predictors of Individual Knowledge Sharing in Expert Work

Minna Stenius

An ever larger share of organizations depend on knowledge for success. It can, however, only be utilized if individuals engage in sharing their knowledge; and hence, knowledge sharing is considered a critical employee behavior in expert work. While it is collectively desirable to share knowledge, for an individual knowledge sharing is a discretionary behavior, and one that may entail ris...

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Public examination: 12.12.2016

Estimating complexity and adaptation in the embryo: a statistical developmental biology approach

Irepan Salvador Martinez

Embryonic development has amazed scientists for centuries. Many reasons have been suggested for the perceivable increase in complexity in development, during which a single cell transforms itself into a larva or an adult. At the level of gene expression, it its assumed that genes change from being expressed in large spatial domains of the embryo in early development to spatially restrict...

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Public examination: 12.12.2016

Vers une théorie du roman postnormâle : Féminisme, réalisme et conflit sexuel chez Doris Lessing, Märta Tikkanen, Stieg Larsson et Virginie Despentes

Heta Rundgren

Situated at the intersection between comparative literature and gender studies, this dissertation theorizes what I term the postnormâle novel. It deploys readings of four contemporary European novels along with a corpus of literary and feminist theory. The novels include Doris Lessing s The Golden Notebook (1962), Märta Tikkanen s Manrape (1975), Stieg Larsson s Millenium trilogy or The ...

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Public examination: 12.12.2016

Signalling and expression of the Ang-Tie pathway in tumor vasculature

Anita Lampinen

Angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels, is essential during embryonic development, but it is also involved in numerous human diseases, including cancer. Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) and their receptors (VEGFRs), as well as angiopoietin growth factors (Ang1, Ang2) together with their Tie1 and Tie2 tyrosine kinase receptors are essential regulators of angiogenesis and...

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Public examination: 15.12.2016

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG in respiratory tract infections: Randomized controlled trials

Minna Kumpu

Respiratory tract infections account for significant part of total illness episodes, physician consultations and days off from day care, school or work, thus incurring a significant personal and socio-economic burden. Viruses cause most of the acute infections of the respiratory tract, and there is lack of effective preventive and treatment options available against almost all of the ove...

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Public examination: 15.12.2016

Cortical processing of sublexical speech and nonspeech sounds in children and adults

Soila Kuuluvainen

Accurate perception of speech sound features forms the basis of language and oral communication. Cortical speech processing consists of sound identification, feature extraction, and change discrimination, all occurring within a few hundred milliseconds timescale, and leading to conscious perception of sounds in their context. When these processes do not work optimally, speech perception ...

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Public examination: 16.12.2016

Expression and characterization of neuronal membrane receptor proteins

Katja Marjukka Rosti

is thesis work comprises the characterization of proteins from two different neuronal membrane receptor protein families: the growth factor receptor -type (GFRa) of protein, growth arrest specific-1 (GAS1) and the synaptic leucine rich repeat adhesion proteins, leucine-rich-repeat transmembrane-2 (LRRTM2), and synaptic adhesion-like molecules 1 and 5 (SALM1 and SALM5). The GAS1 project ...

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Public examination: 16.12.2016

FLEGT and REDD+ synergies and impacts in the Congo Basin: lessons for global forest governance

Yitagesu Tekle Tegegne

In the past four decades, a range of policies and governance mechanisms have been created to deal with complex problems associated with the use of the world s forests. Two of the most recent international policies are the European Union s Action Plan on Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) and its bilaterally negotiated Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs), and the Uni...

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Public examination: 16.12.2016

Cosmological Constraints on Higgs Portal Dark Matter

Tommi Tenkanen

Cosmic inflation, an era of rapid expansion in the early universe, and dark matter, an unknown non-baryonic matter component exceeding the amount of the usual baryonic matter by a factor of five, are known to play an important role in describing the physics of the early universe and in explaining the contents of the universe we observe today. Yet the reason for the occurrence of inflatio...

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Public examination: 16.12.2016

SUOMALAINEN ASEVELVOLLISUUSPERIAATE - Kansallisen asevelvollisuuden käännekohta 1800-luvun lopun Suomessa

Veli Särmäkari

Tässä tutkimuksessa tarkastellaan modernin eurooppalaisen asevelvollisuuden mallin ilmaantumista Suomeen 1800-luvun lopulla. Tutkimuksen tavoitteena on syventää ja monipuolistaa modernin suomalaisen asevelvollisuuden idean ja käsitteen rakentumista Autonomisessa Suomessa ja nyky-Suomessa käyttämällä historiallisen sosiaalitieteen lähestymistapaa. Tällöin asevelvollisuustutkimuksessa otet...

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Public examination: 16.12.2016

Making Fundamental Rights a Reality in EU Legislative Process - Ex ante Review of Proposals for EU Legislative Measures for their Compatibility with the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

Kim Fyhr

This study looks at the ex ante review of fundamental rights in the EU legislative process. It examines the rights-based review, which is carried out at different phases of EU law-making procedure before the EU legal act concerned is formally adopted and entered into force. An ex ante review of EU legislative proposals is examined here with relation to selected substantive fundamental ri...

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Public examination: 16.12.2016

Molecular characterization of new archaeal viruses from high salinity environments

Tatiana Demina

Viruses are significant biological, ecological, and evolutionary players, which are present virtually in all types of environments where cellular life is found. It has been suggested that one way to systematize the enormous virus diversity is to group viruses based on their virion architectural principles. Indeed, in spite of the overwhelming genetic diversity, all the known viruses disp...

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Public examination: 16.12.2016

Vägen till vitsordet - En studie av värderande yttranden i bedömarkommentarer på studentexamensuppsatser i modersmål och litteratur

Sofia Stolt

Min studie undersöker en inte tidigare utforskad skriftkultur och mitt syfte är att belysa hur erfarna bedömare uttrycker sig i bedömarkommentarer på goda studentexamensuppsatser i modersmål och littertur. Genom min studie öppnas dörrarna till en skriftkultur inom Studentexamensnämnden och i min avhandling visar jag hur censorer i sina kommentarer uttrycker värderingar kring studentexame...

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Public examination: 16.12.2016

Economical Unification as a Method of Philosophical Analysis

Avril Styrman

This doctoral dissertation introduces economical unification as a method of analysis and shows how it is applied in dealing with some topics that are central in contemporary philosophy. The method resembles a production line that consists of three successive elements which are interconnected in two stages: Economy > Ontology > Applications

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Public examination: 17.12.2016

Alcohol drinking, health-related functioning and work disability

Aino Salonsalmi

Alcohol drinking is a major potentially preventable risk factor for health and wellbeing worldwide. Alcohol drinking has increased markedly from the late 1960s in Finland until 2007. Alcohol-related causes of death and morbidity are common, especially among the working-age population. The majority of Finnish heavy drinkers are employed and there is a need to assess the contribution of al...

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Public examination: 17.12.2016

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Kehittämistutkimus: Mustikan ja puolukan kemiaa kokeellisten kotitehtävien kontekstina

Meriläinen, Sonja / 02.12.2016

Kehittämistutkimus: Mustikan ja puolukan kemiaa kokeellisten kotitehtävien kontekstina Meriläinen, Sonja Uudet opetussuunnitelman perusteet asettavat tavoitteeksi itseohjautuvan, tekemiensä havaintojen pohjalta kriittiseen ajatteluun kykenevän oppilaan. Jotta tähän päästäisiin, on opetuksessa pyrittävä siirtymään entistä enemmän oppilaskeskeiseen opetukseen. Erilaiset oppimisympäristöt, ...

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Fortress Europe – a brief history of the European migration and asylum policy

Seilonen, Josi / 02.12.2016

Fortress Europe – a brief history of the European migration and asylum policy Seilonen, Josi 1900-luvun Euroopan historialle tunnusomaista ovat suuret sosiaaliset, poliittiset ja taloudelliset muutokset sekä yhtenäisen eurooppalaisen yhteiskunnan luominen. Enemmistön Euroopan maista ollessa nyt EU:n jäseniä, poliittinen fokus on kuitenkin 2000-luvulla siirtynyt suurelta osin Euroopan ulk...

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Glass cliff-ilmiö Suomessa – Tapaukset Merja Ailus ja Anneli Jäätteenmäki

Mäkipaakkanen, Katri / 02.12.2016

Glass cliff-ilmiö Suomessa – Tapaukset Merja Ailus ja Anneli Jäätteenmäki Mäkipaakkanen, Katri Glass cliff-ilmiöllä tarkoitetaan naisten palkkaamista epävakaisiin tai kriisitilassa oleviin organisaatioihin. Haslam ja Ryan löysivät ilmiön tutkiessaan naisten palkkaamista pörssiyhtiöihin Isossa-Britanniassa. He tulivat johtopäätökseen, jonka mukaan naisia palkataan organisaatioiden johtoon...

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Termoelektriset nanokomposiitit

Kivi, Sami / 02.12.2016

Termoelektriset nanokomposiitit Kivi, Sami Termoelektriset materiaalit ovat yhä tärkeämpiä tulevaisuudessa pyrittäessä suurempaan energiatehokkuuteen. Hukkalämmön ja muilla keinoilla hyödyntämättömissä olevan lämmön talteenotto sähköenergian muodossa kasvattaa esimerkiksi hybridiautojen hyötysuhdetta ja rakennusten energiatehokkuutta. Tehokkaat termoelektriset laitteet ovat hyödyllisiä m...

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