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On the retrieval of atmospheric profiles

Simo Tukiainen

Measurements of the Earth's atmosphere are crucial for understanding the behavior of the atmosphere and the underlying chemical and dynamical processes. Adequate monitoring of stratospheric ozone and greenhouse gases, for example, requires continuous global observations. Although expensive to build and complicated to operate, satellite instruments provide the best means for the global mo...

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Public examination: 28.9.2016

Synthesis and structural characterization of glucooligosaccharides and dextran from Weissella confusa dextransucrases

Qiao Shi

Many lactic acid bacteria are able to synthesize dextrans from sucrose by dextransucrases. Weissella confusa strains have attracted increasing attention due to their production of texture-modifying dextrans during food fermentation. Potential prebiotic oligosaccharides have also been produced by dextransucrases in the presence of sucrose and acceptor sugars. However, only few W. confusa ...

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Public examination: 29.9.2016

Markkinatalouden etujoukot - Elinkeinoelämän valtuuskunta, Teollisuuden keskusliitto ja liike-elämän poliittinen toiminta 1970–1980-lukujen Suomessa

Maiju Wuokko

This doctoral thesis examines the motives, means, objectives, and outcomes of the political activity of Finland s major business associations in the 1970s and 1980s. It centres around two influential organisations founded in the mid-1970s, Elinkeinoelämän Valtuuskunta (EVA; the Council of Economic Organisations in Finland) and Teollisuuden Keskusliitto (TKL; the Confederation of Finnish ...

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Public examination: 30.9.2016

Measuring hygroscopic properties of aerosol particles

Jani Hakala

Atmospheric aerosols are omnipresent. They affect health via inhalation or skin and eye contact, and reduce visibility. They also contribute to climate directly by absorbing and scattering solar radiation, and indirectly by acting as cloud condensing nuclei, thus affecting the cloud formation process. The climate has been affected by human activity since the preindustrial times. Both ant...

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Public examination: 30.9.2016

The child in the eye of the storm – unveiling the war child syndrome

Cecilia Heilala

During WWII a total of 48,628 Finnish children were evacuated to Sweden and placed into temporary foster care. Previous studies have mainly focused on the long-term consequences on mental health and psychosocial wellbeing. The results are ambiguous and there is not enough convincing evidence to conclude that the evacuation led to mental morbidity or increased the risk of mortality. Howev...

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Public examination: 30.9.2016

A Theory of Multicultural Texts - The Music of Erik Bergman As a Phenomenon of Multicultural Europe

Julia Shpinitskaya

This dissertation is a study of musical cultural mixtures, essentially focusing on mixtures in contemporary European art music and compositions of the Finnish-Swedish composer Erik Bergman as a complex case of cultural mixtures and mixing processes. The study suggests a theoretical framework and analytical tools for interpreting and deconstructing mixtures defined as multicultural texts....

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Public examination: 30.9.2016

Transports and water masses in the Fram Strait and its vicinity from three decades of hydrographic observations in 1980-2010

Marika Marnela

The Arctic Ocean and its exchanges with the Nordic Seas influence the north-European climate. The Fram Strait with its 2600 m sill depth is the only deep passage between the Arctic Ocean and the other oceans. Not just all the deep water exchanges between the Arctic Ocean and the rest of the world's oceans take place through the Fram Strait, but also a significant amount of cold, low-sali...

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Public examination: 30.9.2016

Kinetic Theory and Renormalization Group Methods for Time Dependent Stochastic Systems

Matteo Marcozzi

By time dependent stochastic systems we indicate efffective models for physical phenomena where the stochasticity takes into account some features whose analytic control is unattainable and/or unnecessary. In particular, we consider two classes of models which are characterized by the different role of randomness: (1) deterministic evolution with random initial data; (2) truly stochastic...

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Public examination: 30.9.2016

Metal-catalysed oxidation of cereal prolamins for gluten-free applications

Xin Huang

Gluten-free foods are defined by their lack of prolamins that trigger coeliac disease. In order for foods derived from Triticeae grains to be considered as gluten-free, the prolamins need to be eliminated. Previously, enzymatic degradation of cereal prolamins has been intensively studied. In the present work, another method is investigated, namely the metal-catalysed oxidation of prolami...

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Public examination: 30.9.2016

Interactions between land surface, forests and climate: regional modelling studies in the boreal zone

Yao Gao

Interactions between the land surface and climate are complex as a range of physical, chemical and biological processes take place. Changes in the land surface or the climate can affect the water, energy and carbon cycles in the Earth system. This thesis discusses a number of critical issues that concern land-atmospheric interactions in the boreal zone, which is characterised by vast are...

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Public examination: 4.10.2016

Outcome of pediatric cardiac surgery

Alireza Raissadati

Pediatric heart surgery aims to correct or palliate cardiac malformations, and to maximize the quality of life of the patients. This thesis investigates the late outcome after surgery for congenital cardiac defects to assess the quality and progress of treatment during the last decades. It also studies outcomes after the arterial switch operation (ASO) for treatment of transposition of t...

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Public examination: 7.10.2016

Organ dose determination in X-ray imaging

Anna Kelaranta

Organ dose is the absorbed radiation energy from ionizing radiation to an organ, divided by the organ mass. Organ doses of a patient cannot be measured directly in the patient, but their determination requires dose measurements in anthropomorphic patient models i.e. phantoms or Monte Carlo simulations. Monte Carlo simulations can be performed for example by using computational phantoms o...

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Public examination: 7.10.2016

Heritability and genetic risk factors in Finnish families with childhood otitis media

Lena Hafren

Otitis media (OM), inflammation or infection of the middle ear, is a very common childhood disease with a significant burden for the child, the family and society. Most children have sporadic acute otitis media (AOM), but some develop recurrent AOM (RAOM). In chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) the middle ear effusion is prolonged without signs of acute infection, creating hearing ...

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Public examination: 7.10.2016

FAMILIAL ADENOMATOUS POLYPOSIS: SCREENING, SURGERY AND DESMOID TUMOURS

Laura Koskenvuo

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant inherited syndrome, which is characterized by the development of hundreds or thousands of polyps in the colon and rectum. The first representative of the family (proband) is usually found because he/she presents with the symptoms that usually arise from multiple polyps or from cancer in the large intestine. After this diagnosi...

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Public examination: 7.10.2016

Transdermal Iontophoresis – Delivery Control by Ion-Exchange Fibers and Nanocarriers

Kristina Malinovskaja-Gomez

Biological variation and poor transport efficacy are the major concerns in the development of novel iontophoretic drug delivery systems for the transdermal administration of therapeutics. One possibility to overcome these limitations would be to load the drug in interest into a reservoir system such as ion-exchange fibers or nanocarriers prior administration. More precise and homogenous ...

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Public examination: 7.10.2016

Shift work and cardiovascular risk factors - Prevention among airline employees

Katriina Viitasalo

Epidemiologic evidence supports an association between shift work and increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Circadian misalignment, shortened and disturbed sleep, and alterations of lifestyle aspects are the main factors related to shift workers health problems. Shift work is carried out by 17% of workers across the EU. In a globally operating airline, irregular working hours and tim...

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Public examination: 7.10.2016

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Automaattinen finanssitilitietojenvaihto Suomen ja Sveitsin välillä

Marttila, Inari / 26.09.2016

Automaattinen finanssitilitietojenvaihto Suomen ja Sveitsin välillä Marttila, Inari Tutkielmassa käsitellään Suomen ja Sveitsin välistä finanssitilitietojen automaattista vaihtoa ja siihen liittyviä finanssilaitosten velvoitteita. Vuonna 2014 OECD:n, G20-maiden ja EU:n yhteistyön tuloksena luotiin Common Reporting Standard (CRS), jonka perusteella valtiot tulevat vaihtamaan automaattises...

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Marketing liability in Finnish insurance law – implications for contract law

Suominen, Teemu Juhani / 26.09.2016

Marketing liability in Finnish insurance law – implications for contract law Suominen, Teemu Juhani The aim of this study is to analyze the theoretical implications of the marketing liability rule, section 9.1 in the Finnish Insurance Contract Act (543/1994), for general contract law. The analysis is applied to the situation where marketing or sales information gives a wrong impression a...

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Sopimusehtojen yksipuolinen muuttaminen sopimussuhteen aikana

Lumme, Taru / 26.09.2016

Sopimusehtojen yksipuolinen muuttaminen sopimussuhteen aikana Lumme, Taru Tutkimuksen aiheena on sopimusehtojen yksipuolinen muuttaminen sopimussuhteen aikana. Tutkimusaihetta lähestytään sekä erityislainsäädännössä esiintyvien, muutosoikeutta koskevien säännösten että kelpuuttavaan sopimusehtoon liittyvän kohtuuttomuusproblematiikan näkökulmasta. Tutkimuksessa eritellään yhdeksän la...

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"Am I really part of this story?" - Musa W. Dube's Postcolonial and Feminist Hermeneutics of the Bible

Gammelin, Lotta / 26.09.2016

"Am I really part of this story?" - Musa W. Dube's Postcolonial and Feminist Hermeneutics of the Bible Gammelin, Lotta The aim of this study in to analyze Musa Dube’s (b.1964) hermeneutics of the Bible by defining how she uses her theological frameworks, postcolonialism and feminism. Also theological implications of Dube’s work are discussed especially those concerning Christol...

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