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The role of environmental factors in regulating planktivorous predation : Interactive effects of turbulence and visibility conditions

Laura Härkönen

Visibility conditions of lakes in the Northern Hemisphere have been predicted to decline, due to climate change- induced variations in vegetation of the surrounding catchment areas, precipitation, soil erosion, as well as sediment resuspension. At the same time, climate models predict increasing wind and storm activities, resulting in increasing turbulent velocities in lakes. The aim her...

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Public examination: 1.8.2014

On Non-Scattering Energies

Esa V. Vesalainen

In this thesis, we extend the theory of non-scattering energies on two fronts. First, we shall consider the discreteness of non-scattering energies corresponding to non-compactly supported potentials using the approach via transmission eigenvalues and fourth-order operators. The method requires the support of the potential to exhibit certain compact Sobolev embedding and to be contained ...

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Public examination: 2.8.2014

VEGFR3 and Notch signaling in angiogenesis

Georgia Zarkada

Blood and lymphatic vessels form extensive networks throughout the body, which function in order to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the tissues, to remove extravasated fluid and to absorb dietary lipids. The formation of new blood and lymphatic vessels (termed angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis) is critical during embryonic development and in the adult, and is regulated by multiple signa...

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Public examination: 8.8.2014

Teatterikriitikot kenttien kielipelissä - Bourdieulainen tulkinta suomalaista teatterikritiikkiä koskevasta muutospuheesta 1983 - 2003

Minna-Kristiina Maria Linkala

In this doctoral thesis Finnish theatre criticism and its writers are examined during the period of twenty years; the focus of the dissertation is alteration in the theatre criticism. The background material of the thesis comprises fifteen theatre criticisms published in five Finnish daily newspapers (Helsingin Sanomat, Kaleva, Kansan Uutiset, Aamulehti and Hufvudstadsbladet) in the year...

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Public examination: 9.8.2014

Flux ropes in space plasmas

Alexey Isavnin

A lot of modern ground-based and space systems, such as navigation satellites, electric power grids, and telecommunication frameworks, can be affected by the changes in the near-Earth space environment, i.e., space weather. The main driver of the space weather is the Sun, which provides a supersonic flow of plasma, known as the solar wind. Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are the most promi...

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Public examination: 14.8.2014

Enhanced Antibacterial Action of Bacteriocin Producing Cells by Binding to the Target Pathogen

Shanna Liu

Bacteriocins are natural weapons of bacterial inter-species competition in food preservation arsenal. Bacteriocins produced by lactic acid bacteria have gained particular attention owing to their potential application as the substitute of artificial chemical preservatives. This research made use of genetic engineering technologies to clone the class IIa bacteriocin genes and construct ba...

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Public examination: 15.8.2014

Kutsuminen, siunaaminen ja lähettäminen : Ordinaatiokaavojen käsitys pappisvihkimyksestä ja -virasta Suomen evankelis-luterilaisessa kirkossa 1963 - 2003

Juhana Pohjola

The purpose of this study is to determine the understanding of ordination and the pastoral office in the ordination rites of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland (ELCF) from 1963 to 2003. The method is systematic analysis of the Agendas of the ELCF: T 1963, T 1984 and T 2003, which detail the ordination rites during that period. The rites were placed in their historical and ecumeni...

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Public examination: 15.8.2014

A clinical and health economical observational study of anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in Finland

Liisa Virkki

Biological antirheumatic drugs are biotechnologically produced antibodies or fusion proteins that are used if rheumatic inflammation is not sufficiently ameliorated with conventional antirheumatic drugs. Approximately 10% of Finnish rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients use biological drugs. Biological antirheumatic drugs target inflammatory mediators and cells. Tumor necrosis factor inh...

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Public examination: 15.8.2014

Measurements of inorganic ions and their precursor gases in ambient air in Finland

Ulla Makkonen

The objective of this thesis was to study the variability of inorganic gases and the chemical composition of particulate matter in ambient air, and to study the comparability of results obtained using novel online techniques and older measurements.

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Public examination: 15.8.2014

Creating Digital Editions for Corpus Linguistics : The case of Potage Dyvers, a family of six Middle English recipe collections

Ville Marttila

This thesis presents a corpus-linguistically oriented digital documentary edition of six 15th-century culinary recipe collections, known as the Potage Dyvers family, with an introduction to its historical context and an analysis of its dialectal and structural features, and defines an editorial framework for producing such editions for the purposes of corpus linguistic research. Traditio...

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Public examination: 16.8.2014

Hankala erityisyys : Etnografinen tutkimus erityisopetuksen käytännöistä ja erityisyyden muotoutumisesta yläkoulun arjessa

Reetta Mietola

The study focuses on the formation of the conceptions of special in the everyday life of school, especially in the practices of special education and student welfare services. It analyses definitions of special and normal/ordinary in the discursive practices of everyday life. The relationship between normal and deviant is approached as a formation constantly re-built, re-defined and re-c...

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Public examination: 16.8.2014

Transcription Factors Foxi3 and Sox2 in the Regulation of Tooth Development

Maria Jussila

Teeth are ectodermal organs, which form from the embryonic epithelium and mesenchyme. Reciprocal interactions between these two tissues, regulated by the conserved signaling pathways, guide tooth morphogenesis. Activity of each signaling pathway is mediated by transcription factors, which activate or repress target genes of the pathway. During morphogenesis, the shape of the dental epith...

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Public examination: 22.8.2014

Functional Sequence Annotation in an Error-prone Environment

Patrik Koskinen

As more and more sequences are submitted to public databases, so will grow more computationally challenging sequence retrieval systems. When for example the UniProtKB/TrEMBL doubles in size annually, the tools used today might not be sufficient tomorrow. Faster and computationally lighter methods are needed for sequence retrieval. This study presents a computationally more efficient tool...

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Public examination: 22.8.2014

Copper and bacteria related to Finnish Emmental cheese

Lourdes Mato Rodriguez

Traditional Swiss Emmental utilizes copper vats, whereas Finnish Emmental is manufactured using stainless steel cheese vats, and a copper sulfate solution is added into the cheese-milk to reach copper levels in the final cheese of a maximum 15 ppm. Other manufacturers use stainless steel vats but no copper is added. Despite the economical importance of Emmental cheese for the Finnish dai...

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Public examination: 22.8.2014

Normative Binding : The European Union, the United States, and the Global Battle on the Institution of the International Criminal Court

Salla Garský

This dissertation addresses the institutionalization of the International Criminal Court (ICC). In July 1998, the US suffered a diplomatic defeat as 120 states voted for the establishment of an ICC that is fairly independent from the United Nations. During the negotiations on the ICC, the US had tried to secure control over the new institution through, amongst other things, its veto powe...

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Public examination: 22.8.2014

Continuous Context Inference on Mobile Platforms

Sourav Bhattacharya

In this thesis we develop novel methods for continuous and sustained context inference on mobile platforms. We address challenges present in real-world deployment of two popular context recognition tasks within ubiquitous computing and mobile sensing, namely localization and activity recognition. In the first part of the thesis, we provide a new localization algorithm for mobile devices ...

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Public examination: 25.08.2014

Ischaemia-Reperfusion-Induced Kidney Injury - Experimental studies on the effects of caloric restriction, AMPK activator AICAR and α2-adrenoceptor agonists in the rat

Juha Lempiäinen

Ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury of the kidneys is a common cause of acute kidney injury (AKI). The incidence of AKI among hospitalized patients is between 2-10%, and the mortality rates are high. Currently there is no medication for AKI. The aim of the present study was to increase our knowledge of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying ischaemic AKI and to identify tentative dr...

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Public examination: 29.8.2014

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Super Marion muisti : populaarikulttuurin appropriaatioita vuosituhannen vaihteen jälkeisessä nykytaiteessa

Niemi, Marja / 31.07.2014

Super Marion muisti : populaarikulttuurin appropriaatioita vuosituhannen vaihteen jälkeisessä nykytaiteessa Niemi, Marja Tutkielmassa tarkastellaan nykytaideteoksia, joissa on käytetty populaarikulttuurista lainattuja aiheita. Lainaamisesta käytetään termiä appropriaatio, joka on postmoderniin taiteeseen liitetty keino. Tutkielman tarkoituksena on selvittää populaarikulttuuriviittausten ...

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Mens sana in corpore sano. Tila, aika ja alastomuus Yrjönkadun uimahallissa

Hannus, Hanna / 31.07.2014

Mens sana in corpore sano. Tila, aika ja alastomuus Yrjönkadun uimahallissa Hannus, Hanna Tutkielmani käsittelee Helsingissä sijaitsevaa vuonna 1928 valmistunutta Yrjönkadun uimahallia. Uimahallin rakennutti yksityinen Uimahalli Oy, jonka aktiiveihin kuului muun muassa urheiluvaikuttaja Toivo Aro. Uimahallin suunnitellut arkkitehti Väinö Vähäkallio kuului myös uimahallin johtokuntaan. U...

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Symbolisk integrering av rationella funktioner

Djupsjöbacka, Viktor / 30.07.2014

Symbolisk integrering av rationella funktioner Djupsjöbacka, Viktor Symbolisk integrering innebär att hitta den obestämda integralen till en given funktion f, dvs. att hitta en sådan funktion g att $g(x) = \int f(x) dx$. Den här avhandlingen behandlar det specialfall där integranden f är en rationell funktion, vilket betyder att f kan skrivas som kvoten av två polynom. I kapitel 2 intr...

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Kiellolla eroon köyhyydestä – kaupunkilaisten keskustelu kerjäämisen kriminalisoimisesta

Kaasinen, Heini / 30.07.2014

Kiellolla eroon köyhyydestä – kaupunkilaisten keskustelu kerjäämisen kriminalisoimisesta Kaasinen, Heini Viime vuosina Suomeen on saapunut yhä enenevissä määrin kerjäläisiä Romaniasta ja Bulgariasta. Kerjäämiseen on yritetty löytää erilaisia keinoja puuttua. Kerjäämisen kieltoa lailla on esitetty useampaan kertaan. Kerjäämisestä on käyty runsaasti keskustelua myös lehtien yleisöosastoll...

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