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ANXIETY, SUBSTANCE USE, ADHERENCE TO TREATMENT AND LEVEL OF FUNCTIONING IN SPECIALIZED PSYCHIATRIC CARE PATIENTS

Boris Karpov

A high proportion of patients with mental disorders experience concurrent anxiety symptoms and substance abuse, which impacts the course and outcome of principal psychiatric disorders and increases the risk of physical morbidity and suicide. Another prominent problem that worsens outcome and increases healthcare costs, is poor adherence to psychiatric treatment. As a consequence of sever...

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Disputationen: 23.2.2018

The relational construction of occupational agency - Performing professional and enterprising selves in diversifying care work

Antero Olakivi

This dissertation employs a perspective of relational sociology on the occupational agency of employees in public sector elder care in Finland. The study is motivated by two socio-political developments: first, the ambition of public sector care work organizations to enhance their efficiency by implementing private sector management ideals and, second, these organizations’ increasing ten...

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Disputationen: 23.2.2018

3D dynamics of crustal deformation along the western Andean margin

Jorina Marlena Schütt

Subduction zones play an important role in the dynamics of the Earth. At plate margins, where one tectonic plate subsides underneath a second one, mountain ranges are built, earthquakes experienced and volcanic activity observed. The subduction zone of South America, where the Nazca Plate slides underneath the South American Plate, extends for roughly 7000 km along the plate margin. Ongo...

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Disputationen: 23.2.2018

Anarkistien keinot ja päämäärät : Tutkimus suomalaisesta anarkistiliikkeestä 2010-luvun alussa

Mari Kuukkanen

Tämä tutkimus käsittelee suomalaisen anarkistiliikkeen toimintaa 2010-luvun alkuvuosina. Erityisesti huomion kohteena ovat anarkistien toimintakeinot ja toiminnan päämäärät sekä näiden välinen suhde. Aineisto koostuu anarkistien kokoontumisissa tehdyistä havaintomuistiinpanoista, 12 anarkistin teemahaastattelusta sekä anarkistimedioissa julkaistuista teksteistä.

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Disputationen: 24.2.2018

Kaupungin on tehtävä ihminen mahdolliseksi : Kunnallispolitiikalla kulttuuripalveluja Kotkassa 1879-1982

Laura Päiviö-Häkämies

Tämän tutkimuksen "Kaupungin on tehtävä ihminen mahdolliseksi – Kunnallispolitiikalla kulttuuripalveluja Kotkassa 1879-1982" tehtävänä on selvittää vastausta kysymykseen, miten nimenomaan kunnallispolitiikalla on vaikutettu Kotkan kaupungin kulttuuripalvelujen ja –hallinnon kehitykseen. Tutkimuskysymystä avataan ja täsmennetään kuka, mitä, miksi ja milloin päätti –kysymysten avulla. Tutk...

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Disputationen: 26.2.2018

Crowdsensed Mobile Data Analytics

Ella Peltonen

Mobile devices, especially smartphones, are nowadays an essential part of everyday life. They are used worldwide and across all the demographic groups - they can be utilized for multiple functionalities, including but not limited to communications, game playing, social interactions, maps and navigation, leisure, work, and education. With a large on-device sensor base, mobile devices prov...

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Disputationen: 26.2.2018

Molecular Mechanisms Involved in Altered Differentiation of Neural Progenitors in Fragile X Syndrome

Venkat Swaroop Achuta

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common cause of genetically acquired intellectual disability and is strongly associated with autism spectrum disorders. FXS is an X-linked neurodevelopmental disorder, with an incidence of approximately 1 in 5000 males and 1 in 8000 females. It is primarily caused by a trinucleotide repeat expansion in the Fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene le...

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Disputationen: 27.2.2018

Implicit Interaction with Textual Information using Physiological Signals

Oswald Barral

Implicit interaction refers to human-computer interaction techniques that do not require active engagement from the users. Instead, the user is passively monitored while performing a computer task, and the data gathered is used to infer implicit measures as inputs to the system. Among the multiple applications for implicit interaction, collecting user feedback on information content is o...

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Disputationen: 1.3.2018

The Proteasome-Associated Deubiquitinase UCHL5/UBH-4 in Proteasome Modulation and as a Prognostic Marker in Gastrointestinal Cancers

Leena Arpalahti

The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is the major cellular pathway for controlled protein degradation, and, together with the autophagy-lysosome pathway, it is a central player in maintaining protein homeostasis. The catalytic core of the UPS is the proteasome, a complex holoenzyme composed of multiple different subunits with varying functions. Disruptions in the UPS are associated with...

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Disputationen: 2.3.2018

Digging Hitler's Arctic War : Archaeologies and Heritage of the Second World War German military presence in Finnish Lapland

Oula Seitsonen

This dissertation discusses the material heritage of the German military presence in Finnish Lapland during the Second World War (WWII), as seen through archaeological and multidisciplinary studies. The Nazi German presence as brothers-in-arms in northern Finland has been a difficult and downplayed issue on multiple levels throughout the post-war decades. This study presents the first wi...

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Disputationen: 2.3.2018

BREECH PRESENTATION AND DELIVERY IN SINGLETON TERM PREGNANCIES IN FINLAND

Georg Macharey

The cesarean section rate is increasing worldwide and breech presentation is with approximately 17 % one of the major indications for elective cesarean sections. Cesarean section might be a life-saving procedure for mother and child during labor, but is also a major procedure with possible complications and adverse long-term effects for future pregnancies. Breech presentation occurs in 2...

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Disputationen: 2.3.2018

Ecology and evolution of shrew-borne orthohantaviruses in Finland

Jiaxin Ling

More than 60% of human emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) are zoonotic. Zoonoses are infectious diseases of animals (usually vertebrates) that can be transmitted to humans. Hantaviruses are emerging zoonotic pathogens that belong to the genus Orthohantavirus and family Hantaviridae in order Bunyavirales. Hantaviruses pose a serious threat to human health because their infection causes t...

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Disputationen: 2.3.2018

NOVEL FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS FROM UPGRADED BIOPOLYMERS: POLYSACCHARIDE AEROGELS

Abdul Ghafar

Aerogel is a highly porous and lightweight solid material that is prepared by replacing the liquid phase of a gel with air in such a way that the three-dimensional polymeric network remains intact in a dry state. Polysaccharides as aerogel-forming materials have attracted attention over the past few years due to their excellent innate properties, such as their non-toxicity, eco-friendlin...

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Disputationen: 2.3.2018

Multiscale computational studies of biological light capture

Carl-Mikael Suomivuori

The efficient absorption and utilization of sunlight is one of the most fundamental processes of life, as it is required both for photosynthesis and for visual perception. Biological light capture occurs through light-sensitive molecules called chromophores, which are embedded in complex protein environments that greatly affect both the wavelength of the absorbed light and the subsequent...

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Disputationen: 2.3.2018

The effects of local, catchment and climatic factors on the reliability of microbial bioindicators: diatoms in fluvial ecosystems

Virpi Pajunen

The ongoing climate change and increasing anthropogenic pressure threaten the biodiversity on Earth. Elevated temperatures, changes in precipitation and intensive land use alter ecosystems and such changes are prone to escalate in the northern regions, especially in freshwater ecosystems. Information about the effects of climate on the distributional patterns of diverse aquatic micro-org...

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Disputationen: 2.3.2018

Whey protein oxidation: LC-MS investigations of peptide markers

Tuuli Koivumäki

Milk whey proteins, especially α-lactalbumin and β-lactoglobulin, are valuable to human nutrition due to their excellent amino acid composition. For this reason, they are also favored by sports nutrition industry. In food products, proteins often constitute with a desired technological function, such as their water-binding, foaming and emulsifying properties. Oxidative deterioration of p...

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Disputationen: 3.3.2018

Verbi verbistä : Puolan ja suomen johdetun verbileksikon merkitysrakenteen vertailua

Anna Maija Biskupska

Tutkin tässä työssä kontrastiivisesti, miten tiloja, tapahtumia ja tekoja eli ns. primaareja semanttisia asiaintilatyyppejä kielennetään verbeihin suomessa ja puolassa. Koska molempien kielten verbileksikko on johdosvaltainen, näkökulmani on pitkälti johto-opillinen. Sen mukaisesti vastakkainasettelun ensisijaisena vertailuperustana (tertium comparationis) on verbinjohto.

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Disputationen: 3.3.2018

Atomistic simulations of plasma-material interactions in fusion reactors

Elnaz Safi

With increasing demand for the energy in last decades, replacing scarce fossil fuels with new energy resources is inevitable. Currently, there is no clear alternative to the old and regular energy production methods for a clean future. However, nuclear fusion power may offer practical, power-plant-scale energy production with an unlimited fuel supply.

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Disputationen: 3.3.2018

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AGGREGAATTORIT ÄÄNITTEIDEN DIGITAALISESSA JAKELUSSA Tekijänoikeuslainsäädännön ja verotuksen näkökulmasta

Laine, Annina / 27.04.2017

AGGREGAATTORIT ÄÄNITTEIDEN DIGITAALISESSA JAKELUSSA Tekijänoikeuslainsäädännön ja verotuksen näkökulmasta Laine, Annina Tiivistelmä/Referat – Abstract Internet ja digitaalitekniikan kehitys on mullistanut musiikkialaa merkittävästi ja huomattava osa äänitteistä siirtyy nykyään kuuntelijalle digitaalisessa muodossa. Kuluttajille äänitemarkkinoiden digitalisoituminen merkitsee, että mus...

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Kartellivahingon määrän todistaminen vahingonkorvausoikeudenkäynnissä

Korhonen, Sofie / 27.04.2017

Kartellivahingon määrän todistaminen vahingonkorvausoikeudenkäynnissä Korhonen, Sofie Tiedekunta/Osasto Fakultet/Sektion – Faculty Oikeustieteellinen tiedekunta Laitos/Institution– Department Tekijä/Författare – Author Sofie Korhonen Työn nimi / Arbetets titel – Title Kartellivahingon määrän todistaminen vahingonkorvausoikeudenkäynnissä Oppiaine /Läroämne – Subject Oikeustalo...

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The Patent Economics of Synthetic Biology

Bützow, Alexander / 27.04.2017

The Patent Economics of Synthetic Biology Bützow, Alexander Kyseinen työ tutkii uutta bioteknologian muotoa, synteettistä biologiaa, ja sen suhdetta eurooppalaiseen immateriaalioikeuteen, erityisesti patenttioikeuteen. Tutkielman keskeiset kysymykset koskevat sen selvittämisestä, onko 1) synteettisen biologian keksinnöt systeemisesti soveltumattomia nykyiseen patenttioikeuteen, ja 2...

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Vastuun rajoittaminen asianajotoimeksiantosopimukseen perustuvan vastuunhallinnan keinona

Sotamaa, Rasmus / 27.04.2017

Vastuun rajoittaminen asianajotoimeksiantosopimukseen perustuvan vastuunhallinnan keinona Sotamaa, Rasmus Asianajajan mahdollisuuksiin rajata vastuutaan on perinteisesti suhtauduttu varovaisen torjuvasti niin Suomessa kuin muissakin Pohjoismaissa. Torjuvan suhtautumisen perusteet on usein liitetty asianajotoiminnan erityiseen luonteeseen. Vastuunrajoitukset on nähty erityisesti asianaja...

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