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Seesjärveläisten itkijöiden rekisterit : Tutkimus äänellä itkemisen käytänteistä, teemoista ja käsitteistä

Eila Stepanova

This thesis concentrates on the lament genre of Karelian oral poetry and the speech register distinctive of it. Laments can be defined as sung poetry of varying degrees of improvisation, which nonetheless follows conventionalized rules of traditional verbal and non-verbal expression, most often performed by women in ritual contexts and potentially also on non-ritual grievous occasions. T...

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Disputationen: 18.10.2014

Intelligent Design: A Theological and Philosophical Analysis

Rope Kojonen

Intelligent Design (ID) is a contemporary attempt to defend the idea that the order of nature bears marks of its Creator. The movement began in the U.S.A. during the 1980´s and 1990´s, and its claims about the relationship of theology and science, and its critique of evolutionary theory have caused much controversy. This study is a theological and philosophical analysis of ID s design ar...

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Disputationen: 22.10.2014

Cannibalism and conflict in Formica ants

Eva Schultner

In complex societies like ant colonies individuals cooperate in the aim of maximizing offspring production. But cooperation is only flawless from afar. In fact, because adults can differ in their relatedness to brood they often have contrasting inclusive fitness interests, which may lead to outbreaks of social conflict. However, although conflicts in ant colonies typically arise over off...

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Disputationen: 23.10.2014

Candida yeasts and carcinogenic acetaldehyde in upper digestive tract carcinogenesis

Mikko Nieminen

Cancers of the upper digestive tract (oral, pharyngeal, laryngeal, oesophageal and stomach) are among the ten most common cancers worldwide and are associated with high mortality and morbidity. Despite improved treatment strategies, the prognosis of these cancers remains poor. The main aetiological factors for the upper digestive tract cancers are alcohol consumption and smoking. Dietary...

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Disputationen: 24.10.2014

Challenges in measuring glycaemic index

Katja Hätönen

Glycaemic response to carbohydrate-containing foods is a combination of glucose absorption, endogenous glucose production, and tissue glucose uptake. After a carbohydrate-containing meal, blood glucose rises, which stimulates insulin secretion. The different amount and type of carbohydrates influence postprandialglucose and insulin responses differently.

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Disputationen: 24.10.2014

Noroviruses on surfaces: Detection, transfer and inactivation

Maria Rönnqvist

Human noroviruses (HuNoVs) are a leading cause of foodborne gastroenteritis worldwide and spread easily among humans via the faecal-oral route. A low infective dose, a high viral load in the vomit and faeces of infected persons, a lack of long-term immunity following previous infection, and a high environmental stability of the viruses all enhance the spreading of HuNoV in the population...

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Disputationen: 24.10.2014

Novel Immunological Markers of Lyme Borreliosis

Heidi Sillanpää

Lyme borreliosis (LB) is a bacterial infection spread by the bite of Ixodes sp. ticks. Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato group of spirochaetes is causing the infection. Less than 10 species are known to be pathogenic to humans. Distribution of B. burgdorferi sensu lato species varies geographically and LB is endemic in Europe, Asia and North America.

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Disputationen: 24.10.2014

Applying insights from production theory and frontier estimation to sustainability assessment in agriculture

Natalia Kuosmanen

Sustainability is a multidimensional concept that encompasses environmental, social and economic dimensions. A large number of qualitative concepts and definitions of sustainability have been suggested. However, quantifying the notion of sustainability as an operational measure has proved challenging due to a variety of meanings attached to this concept. The aim of this dissertation is t...

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Disputationen: 24.10.2014

Molecular regulation of forebrain development and neural stem/progenitor cells

Janne Hakanen

The development of the forebrain is dependent on controlled regulation of neural stem/progenitor cells, since the vast majority of all cells in the forebrain are generated by them. The cellular processes influencing forebrain development include cell proliferation, migration, differentiation, and apoptosis, which are regulated in a spatiotemporal manner by genetic programs and interactiv...

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Disputationen: 24.10.2014

Functional genomics of the Glanville fritillary butterfly

Jouni Kvist

The glanville fritillary butterfly is an important ecological model species for habitat fragmentation, whose genetics was poorly understood. In order to expand the research of this butterfly species into the realm of functional genomics a lot genetic tools were developed. These tools were used to investigate the genetic basis of phenotypic traits that are important in the wild. Gene expr...

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Disputationen: 24.10.2014

Linking raptors and biodiversity; ecological rationale and conservation relevance

Daniel Burgas

Under the current biodiversity crisis, there is the need to improve the conservation action. More areas need to be protected to curb biodiversity loss. Also, the methods for selection of both protected areas and management practices have to be well-informed in order to maximise the benefits from the limited resources allocated for conservation. However, because of limited information, de...

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Disputationen: 24.10.2014

New bioactive secondary metabolites from cyanobacteria

Liwei Liu

Cyanobacteria are one of the most widespread microorganisms on earth, and they are found in almost all ecosystems, from fresh and marine water to terrestrial environments. Cyanobacteria received a great deal of attention as prolific producers of bioactive secondary metabolites. The aim of this study was to screen and characterize novel bioactive natural products, which present biological...

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Disputationen: 24.10.2014

Diagnosis and therapy for mitochondrial diseases

Sofia Ahola

Mitochondrial diseases are comprised of a large variety of disease phenotypes that can range from an infantile-onset, lethal multisystem disorder to late-onset myopathy and ophthalmoplegia. There is currently no established therapy for mitochondrial diseases and the exact disease mechanisms are largely unknown. The aim of this PhD thesis project has been to develop new therapy options, t...

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Disputationen: 24.10.2014

Microcosm-Macrocosm Analogy in Rasail Ikhwan as-Safa and Certain Related Texts

Inka Nokso-Koivisto

The microcosm-macrocosm analogy – the idea of man as a miniature of the surrounding reality or part of it – is a prevailing theme in Rasail Ikhwan as-Safa. This study examines the analogy primarily in this encyclopaedia completed during the tenth century and compares the views presented in it to those in certain other texts from the ninth to the thirteenth centuries: Sirr al-khaliqa, som...

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Disputationen: 24.10.2014

Transcriptional analysis of Trichoderma reesei under conditions inducing cellulase and hemicellulase production, and identification of factors influencing protein production

Mari Häkkinen

Utilisation of non-edible, renewable lignocellulosic biomass for the production of second generation biofuels and chemicals is hindered especially by the high price of enzymes needed for biomass degradation. Filamentous fungi are natural producers of enzymes active against plant cell wall polymers. Especially the ascomycota fungus Trichoderma reesei is widely utilised in the industry for...

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Disputationen: 29.10.2014

Immunotoxicological effects induced by engineered nanomaterials

Jaana Palomäki

Engineered nanomaterials (ENM) are widely used in the industry as their unique characteristics improve competitiveness and potential for innovations in the different sectors of industry: It has been estimated that the market size of nanotechnological innovations will exceed 2 trillion euros in 2015. However, the toxicological hazard and risk assessment of different nanomaterials is far f...

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Disputationen: 31.10.2014

Glycan Binding Proteins in Therapeutic Mesenchymal Stem Cell Research

Tia Hirvonen

Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) are multipotent adult stem cells that hold enormous therapeutic potential. They are currently in a focus of intense clinical and scientific investigation. MSCs are a promising cell type for various applications in the field of tissue engineering due to their multi-lineage differentiation capacity. Furthermore, one of their most interesting characteri...

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Disputationen: 31.10.2014

In the Name of Vivir Bien : Indigeneity, State Formation and Politics in Evo Morales' Bolivia

Eija M. Ranta

This is an ethnographic study of the politics of indigeneity in the contemporary Bolivian state transformation process. It is a story of an attempt to transform the state through indigenous ideas in a poor and ethnically heterogeneous country in the Global South. By following the notion of vivir bien, good life, a term that has emerged in Bolivia s political and policy discourses since t...

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Disputationen: 31.10.2014

Pathobiology of Heterobasidion-conifer tree interaction: molecular analysis of antimicrobial peptide genes (Sp-AMPs)

Emad Jaber

Little information is available concerning the interaction of Heterobasidion annosum with the roots of herbaceous angiosperm plants. We investigated the infec¬tion biology of H. annosum during challenge with the angi¬osperm model Arabidopsis and monitored the host response after exposure to various hormone elicitors, chemicals (chitin, glucan and chitosan) and fungal species. This necrot...

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Disputationen: 31.10.2014

Tracking cereulide producing Bacillus cereus in foods, papermaking and biowaste management

Douwe Hoornstra

Bacillus cereus is a ubiquitous food poisoning bacterium, but only producers of the emetic toxin, cereulide can be life threatening. Therefore a fast and reliable method is needed for identifying strains that produce the toxin. In this thesis the previously developed sperm bioassay was refined into a tool for the detection of microbially produced mitochondria toxic substances. This refin...

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Disputationen: 31.10.2014

Sociolinguistic variation in English derivational productivity : Studies and methods in diachronic corpus linguistics

Tanja Säily

This dissertation studies how the productivity of word-formation varies across social groups in the history of the English language. Previous research into variation and change within the morphological productivity of derivational affixes has been hampered by the lack of suitable methods for comparing productivity measures across subcorpora. A further problem has been how to assess the s...

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Disputationen: 31.10.2014

Spatial conservation prioritization for Finnish forest conservation management

Joona Lehtomäki

In a world of competing interests and increasing land use pressures, the allocation of limited resources for biodiversity conservation need to be prioritized. Spatial conservation prioritization deals with the cost-efficient and well-balanced identification of priority areas for biodiversity, as well as with the allocation and scheduling of alternative conservation actions. Finland is th...

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Disputationen: 31.10.2014

BIOCHEMICAL EFFECTS OF INHERITED MMR GENE MUTATIONS AND DIET ON COLON CANCER RISK

Denis Dermadi Bebek

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of death in developed countries. Although, a small fraction of cancers are caused by inherited genetic predisposition most of the CRCs are sporadic. In CRC, cancer risk is associated with lifestyle factors and aging. Even in dominantly inherited CRC predisposition such as in Lynch syndrome (LS), which is linked to germline mu- tations ...

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Disputationen: 31.10.2014

Yhdysvallat ja Saksan koalition pienet maat : Suomen, Romanian ja Unkarin sodanjälkeinen asema Yhdysvaltain ulkoministeriön suunnittelupöydällä vuosina 1942-1945

Ohto Rintala

The study examines the U.S. State Department s postwar foreign policy planning concerning Finland, Romania and Hungary in years 1942-1945. When Germany launched an attack against the Soviet Union in June 1941 these countries took part in the coalition of Germany, while the United States and Stalin s Soviet Union were allies in the war against Hitler s Germany. Finland, Romania and Hungar...

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Disputationen: 31.10.2014

The Influence of Weather, Season, Climate, and Disasters on Non-Communicable Diseases

Nadja K. Schreier

Background. The environment has a major impact on human beings. Extreme environmental conditions such as hot temperatures can have huge health impacts, as shown during the heat wave in Europe that occurred during the summer 2003. The main causes of death were non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Natural and man-made disasters can cause the col...

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Disputationen: 31.10.2014

The Evolutionary Feminism of Zhang Kangkang and the Developing Dialogue between Darwinism and Gender Studies

Qingbo Xu

This dissertation studies the work of Zhang Kangkang (a contemporary Chinese woman writer, 1950- ) in the light of evolutionary feminism (also called Darwinian feminism, which studies gender issues from an evolutionary perspective, brings feminist concerns into the fields of evolutionary biology, psychology and sociobiology, and illuminates and rectifies androcentric biases in these fiel...

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Disputationen: 5.11.2014

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Ei vain koulussa opittua - Opettajien käsityksiä historiasta ja sen opettamisesta sekä arviointia kouluopetuksen roolista historiatietoisuuden kehittymisessä

Pekkinen, Hanne / 20.10.2014

Ei vain koulussa opittua - Opettajien käsityksiä historiasta ja sen opettamisesta sekä arviointia kouluopetuksen roolista historiatietoisuuden kehittymisessä Pekkinen, Hanne Tutkielma kartoittaa suomalaisten historianopettajien käsityksiä historiasta, historian opettamisesta ja oppilaiden suhtautumisesta historiaan. Tutkielmaa johdattelee kiinnostus selvittää, millainen on kouluopetuksen...

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Development of freezing tolerance and vernalisation in forage grasses in field experiments (2009–2013)

Korhonen, Panu / 16.10.2014

Development of freezing tolerance and vernalisation in forage grasses in field experiments (2009–2013) Korhonen, Panu Finland is the northernmost cultivation area in the world and the selection of forage grass species is mostly limited by long winters and short growing seasons. Forage grasses are usually grown as mixtures of species and produced intensively for silage. The grass species ...

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Potilas moniammatillisen lääkehoitoprosessin keskiössä - lainsäädännön viitoittamat toimintamahdollisuudet

Kiviluoto, Katrimari / 14.10.2014

Potilas moniammatillisen lääkehoitoprosessin keskiössä - lainsäädännön viitoittamat toimintamahdollisuudet Kiviluoto, Katrimari

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Konsernin sisäisen franchisingliiketoimintamallin oikeudellinen sääntely sekä konseptimuotoisten taloudellisten vastikkeiden siirtohinnoittelu ja verokohtelu Venäjän lainsäädännössä

Lindberg, Irina / 17.10.2014

Konsernin sisäisen franchisingliiketoimintamallin oikeudellinen sääntely sekä konseptimuotoisten taloudellisten vastikkeiden siirtohinnoittelu ja verokohtelu Venäjän lainsäädännössä Lindberg, Irina Tämä pro gradu -tutkielma on osa vero-oikeudellista tutkimusalaa ja ottaa osaa keskusteluun konsernin sisäisten palveluiden ja aineettomien oikeuksien käyttöoikeudesta maksettavien konseptimuo...

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