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Palaeoenvironments of the Pliopithecoid primates - New evidence from the middle Miocene locality Damiao, Inner Mongolia, China

Leena Sukselainen

Pliopithecoidea is an extinct and diverse superfamily of primitive catarrhine primates with no known descendants. They first appear in the fossil record in the late early Miocene China, ca. 18 17 million years ago (Ma). They were widely distributed throughout Eurasia between ca. 17 and 7 Ma and were among the first primates to be discovered and described. Despite their wide distribution,...

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Disputationen: 10.12.2016

Creating A Sense of Membership in Basic Education - The contributions of Schoolwide Events

Pia-Maria Niemi

This study investigates the ways that schoolwide events can contribute to the creation of membership in a school community. An essential aspect of school life across grade levels and national contexts, the sense of membership refers to a situation in which a student is accepted as part of a group by others and feels connected with the other members of the community. The importance of mem...

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Disputationen: 10.12.2016

Why share? : Motivational Predictors of Individual Knowledge Sharing in Expert Work

Minna Stenius

An ever larger share of organizations depend on knowledge for success. It can, however, only be utilized if individuals engage in sharing their knowledge; and hence, knowledge sharing is considered a critical employee behavior in expert work. While it is collectively desirable to share knowledge, for an individual knowledge sharing is a discretionary behavior, and one that may entail ris...

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Disputationen: 12.12.2016

Estimating complexity and adaptation in the embryo: a statistical developmental biology approach

Irepan Salvador Martinez

Embryonic development has amazed scientists for centuries. Many reasons have been suggested for the perceivable increase in complexity in development, during which a single cell transforms itself into a larva or an adult. At the level of gene expression, it its assumed that genes change from being expressed in large spatial domains of the embryo in early development to spatially restrict...

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Disputationen: 12.12.2016

Vers une théorie du roman postnormâle : Féminisme, réalisme et conflit sexuel chez Doris Lessing, Märta Tikkanen, Stieg Larsson et Virginie Despentes

Heta Rundgren

Situated at the intersection between comparative literature and gender studies, this dissertation theorizes what I term the postnormâle novel. It deploys readings of four contemporary European novels along with a corpus of literary and feminist theory. The novels include Doris Lessing s The Golden Notebook (1962), Märta Tikkanen s Manrape (1975), Stieg Larsson s Millenium trilogy or The ...

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Disputationen: 12.12.2016

Signalling and expression of the Ang-Tie pathway in tumor vasculature

Anita Lampinen

Angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels, is essential during embryonic development, but it is also involved in numerous human diseases, including cancer. Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) and their receptors (VEGFRs), as well as angiopoietin growth factors (Ang1, Ang2) together with their Tie1 and Tie2 tyrosine kinase receptors are essential regulators of angiogenesis and...

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Disputationen: 15.12.2016

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG in respiratory tract infections: Randomized controlled trials

Minna Kumpu

Respiratory tract infections account for significant part of total illness episodes, physician consultations and days off from day care, school or work, thus incurring a significant personal and socio-economic burden. Viruses cause most of the acute infections of the respiratory tract, and there is lack of effective preventive and treatment options available against almost all of the ove...

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Disputationen: 15.12.2016

Cortical processing of sublexical speech and nonspeech sounds in children and adults

Soila Kuuluvainen

Accurate perception of speech sound features forms the basis of language and oral communication. Cortical speech processing consists of sound identification, feature extraction, and change discrimination, all occurring within a few hundred milliseconds timescale, and leading to conscious perception of sounds in their context. When these processes do not work optimally, speech perception ...

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Disputationen: 16.12.2016

Expression and characterization of neuronal membrane receptor proteins

Katja Marjukka Rosti

is thesis work comprises the characterization of proteins from two different neuronal membrane receptor protein families: the growth factor receptor -type (GFRa) of protein, growth arrest specific-1 (GAS1) and the synaptic leucine rich repeat adhesion proteins, leucine-rich-repeat transmembrane-2 (LRRTM2), and synaptic adhesion-like molecules 1 and 5 (SALM1 and SALM5). The GAS1 project ...

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Disputationen: 16.12.2016

FLEGT and REDD+ synergies and impacts in the Congo Basin: lessons for global forest governance

Yitagesu Tekle Tegegne

In the past four decades, a range of policies and governance mechanisms have been created to deal with complex problems associated with the use of the world s forests. Two of the most recent international policies are the European Union s Action Plan on Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) and its bilaterally negotiated Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs), and the Uni...

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Disputationen: 16.12.2016

Cosmological Constraints on Higgs Portal Dark Matter

Tommi Tenkanen

Cosmic inflation, an era of rapid expansion in the early universe, and dark matter, an unknown non-baryonic matter component exceeding the amount of the usual baryonic matter by a factor of five, are known to play an important role in describing the physics of the early universe and in explaining the contents of the universe we observe today. Yet the reason for the occurrence of inflatio...

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Disputationen: 16.12.2016

SUOMALAINEN ASEVELVOLLISUUSPERIAATE - Kansallisen asevelvollisuuden käännekohta 1800-luvun lopun Suomessa

Veli Särmäkari

Tässä tutkimuksessa tarkastellaan modernin eurooppalaisen asevelvollisuuden mallin ilmaantumista Suomeen 1800-luvun lopulla. Tutkimuksen tavoitteena on syventää ja monipuolistaa modernin suomalaisen asevelvollisuuden idean ja käsitteen rakentumista Autonomisessa Suomessa ja nyky-Suomessa käyttämällä historiallisen sosiaalitieteen lähestymistapaa. Tällöin asevelvollisuustutkimuksessa otet...

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Disputationen: 16.12.2016

Making Fundamental Rights a Reality in EU Legislative Process - Ex ante Review of Proposals for EU Legislative Measures for their Compatibility with the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

Kim Fyhr

This study looks at the ex ante review of fundamental rights in the EU legislative process. It examines the rights-based review, which is carried out at different phases of EU law-making procedure before the EU legal act concerned is formally adopted and entered into force. An ex ante review of EU legislative proposals is examined here with relation to selected substantive fundamental ri...

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Disputationen: 16.12.2016

Molecular characterization of new archaeal viruses from high salinity environments

Tatiana Demina

Viruses are significant biological, ecological, and evolutionary players, which are present virtually in all types of environments where cellular life is found. It has been suggested that one way to systematize the enormous virus diversity is to group viruses based on their virion architectural principles. Indeed, in spite of the overwhelming genetic diversity, all the known viruses disp...

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Disputationen: 16.12.2016

Vägen till vitsordet - En studie av värderande yttranden i bedömarkommentarer på studentexamensuppsatser i modersmål och litteratur

Sofia Stolt

Min studie undersöker en inte tidigare utforskad skriftkultur och mitt syfte är att belysa hur erfarna bedömare uttrycker sig i bedömarkommentarer på goda studentexamensuppsatser i modersmål och littertur. Genom min studie öppnas dörrarna till en skriftkultur inom Studentexamensnämnden och i min avhandling visar jag hur censorer i sina kommentarer uttrycker värderingar kring studentexame...

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Disputationen: 16.12.2016

Economical Unification as a Method of Philosophical Analysis

Avril Styrman

This doctoral dissertation introduces economical unification as a method of analysis and shows how it is applied in dealing with some topics that are central in contemporary philosophy. The method resembles a production line that consists of three successive elements which are interconnected in two stages: Economy > Ontology > Applications

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Disputationen: 17.12.2016

Alcohol drinking, health-related functioning and work disability

Aino Salonsalmi

Alcohol drinking is a major potentially preventable risk factor for health and wellbeing worldwide. Alcohol drinking has increased markedly from the late 1960s in Finland until 2007. Alcohol-related causes of death and morbidity are common, especially among the working-age population. The majority of Finnish heavy drinkers are employed and there is a need to assess the contribution of al...

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Disputationen: 17.12.2016

Startup Complexity - Tracing the Conceptual Shift Behind Disruptive Entrepreneurship

Antti Hyrkäs

This dissertation examines the rise of startup entrepreneurship as a cultural phenomenon, and builds a model for understanding the systemic logic behind this culture. While proceeding with the empirical research, the dissertation develops conceptual tools for modeling cultures as whirlpools that condition the transitions between different contextual rationalities. The empirical research ...

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Disputationen: 20.12.2016

Medieritualer som kulturbundna diskurser och funktioner. - Hufvudstadsbladets lucia och konstruktionen av Svenskfinland

Tiina Räisä

This study is an empirical and interdisciplinary examination of Lucia in the Hufvudstadsbladet (HBL) daily newspaper. My aim is to give visibility to a longstanding media text that has become important for the Swedish-speaking people in Finland. I define Lucia as a media ritual and use it as an example to investigate how media institutions, through a reproduction of texts, construct cult...

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Disputationen: 22.12.2016

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Painettu pinta pitää, vai pitääkö? – Lukijoiden näkemyksiä ja toimittajien visioita ammattiliittolehdistä muuttuvassa mediakentässä

Partanen, Anna / 09.12.2016

Painettu pinta pitää, vai pitääkö? – Lukijoiden näkemyksiä ja toimittajien visioita ammattiliittolehdistä muuttuvassa mediakentässä Partanen, Anna Sähköisen viestinnän ja sosiaalisen median yleistyminen 2000-luvun alkupuolella ovat muuttaneet merkittävästi yhteisöviestintää. Ammattiliitot ovat muiden organisaatioiden tavoin joutuneet asemoimaan viestintäänsä uudelleen, kun yhtenäinen me...

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Kutsuplus älyliikenneinnovaatio pääkaupunkiseudun joukkoliikenteen kilpailuetuna

Blom, Henri / 09.12.2016

Kutsuplus älyliikenneinnovaatio pääkaupunkiseudun joukkoliikenteen kilpailuetuna Blom, Henri Älyliikenteen sovellukset ovat yleistymässä kaupunkiliikenteessä. Kaupunkiliikenne on perinteisesti menneiden vuosikymmenien aikana tukeutunut vahvasti yksityisautoiluun, jota liikennesuunnittelu ja liikennepoliittiset ratkaisut ovat tukeneet. Uudessa liikennepolitiikassa on alettu tavoittelemaa...

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Problematiken kring toxikologisk riskbedömning av hormonstörare - BPA som specialexempel

Eklund, Tove / 09.12.2016

Problematiken kring toxikologisk riskbedömning av hormonstörare - BPA som specialexempel Eklund, Tove Hormonstörare är en samling hormonellt aktiva ämnen i vår närmiljö som påverkar hormonfunktionen i den grad att det leder till negativa hälsoeffekter. Incidensen för många hormonrelaterade sjukdomar har ökat i takt med vår ökade exponering för främmande kemikalier. Sjukdomarna är typiskt...

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Varsojen yleisimmät infektiiviset ripulinaiheuttajat – kirjallisuuskatsaus ja tapausselostus

Aalto, Jenni / 09.12.2016

Varsojen yleisimmät infektiiviset ripulinaiheuttajat – kirjallisuuskatsaus ja tapausselostus Aalto, Jenni Ripuli yleisimpiä varsojen sairauksista ja jopa 80 % varsoista sairastaa ainakin yhden ripulin alle puolen vuoden ikäisenä. Ripulia aiheuttavat virukset, bakteerit, alkueläimet ja loiset. Rotavirus on yleisin ripulivarsoilta eristettävä patogeeni. Seuraavaksi yleisimpiä ovat Cryptosp...

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