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Browsing by study line "Home Economics Teacher"

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  • Pölhö, Elli-Sofia (2023)
    Continuing improvement of information and communication technology has an effect on all aspects of society and people’s everyday life. As a consequence of the corona pandemic and its effects, the role of technology as an enabler of operations became more emphasized. Therefore, we had to find new ways of giving home economic education and sharing home economic information. Information and communication technology was used in the operation. Some of the communication methods have already been replaced but some of them are still in use. This thesis studies how information and communication technology can be used in home economic information. It also studies how these methods can be used when creating virtual and informal learning environments for home economics education in the future. This thesis is written as a part of research project of University of Helsinki. The project focuses on distant and hybrid teaching methods of home economics. The research was conducted as a qualitative study. The research material was collected with half-structured interviews. There were seven participants in this study. The interviewees worked for companies or organizations, or as knowledge specialists. They all do home economic communication as a part of their jobs. Information and communication technology is utilized in a various ways in home economic information. Agents have different ways to use technology and multimedia tools and applications to produce content for various social media channels. The process from planning to filming is completed either alone or with colleagues or a team. The best experiences are from interactive, nonformal teaching sessions which were also humorous and instructive. Some of the methods that were studied in this research have already been used in home economic teaching. Instead, filming with a multi-camera system or co-working with a technology specialist are methods that are used among interviewees but not yet utilized in home economic teaching at schools. The use of these methods require further research before they can be extensively utilized in education.
  • Littunen, Petra (2022)
    The goal of this master’s thesis is to analyze the opinions of drama teachers in utilising dra-ma education and the possibilities drama education offers for home economics teaching. The study focuses on combining drama education and home economics teaching from the point of view teachers, students and the learning environment. The theoretical framework is formed by describing drama education as a teaching method and home economics as a secondary school subject. There is very little previous research on combining drama educa-tion and home economics education. However, home economics has been presented as subject in which drama education could be utilized. Previous research on drama education demonstrates that drama education can be utilized in multitudes of ways in goal-centric teaching. The research method used in this master’s thesis was semi-structured interviews. Six drama teachers working in different drama education contexts were interviewed. The interviews were held during March 2022. The data was analyzed using theory-based content analysis. The research approach in this study was phenomenographic. Toivanen (2007), Heikkinen (2005), Pöntinen (2019) and Neelands (1998) were used as references for the theoretical framework. Utilizing drama education in home economics education was viewed as positive and enabling from the teachers, students, and educational perspective. Drama education was seen as an enabler for a more active and interactive learning environment. From the students’ point of view drama education offered more versatile learning in home economics education. For teachers it offered teaching tools but required planning, motivating students and good situation management. Drama education was seen as a suitable teaching method in home economics education; however, teachers emphasized the responsibility of a competent drama teacher to consider its necessity situationally. All in all, a drama education qualification could be a beneficial skill for home economics teachers.
  • Pelkonen, Joakim (2022)
    Objectives. The aim of this research is to find out what kind of food education at home has been provided and how it affects the self-esteem experienced by children in cooking. In the light of a previous research, food-related activities have been identified as socially mediated. Knowledge and skills are passed on because of the social activities of cooking. It is also known from previous research that an activity is influenced by an individual's beliefs in his or her own abilities which is called self-efficacy. The aim is to find out whether food education obtained at home is transmitted to the ability experienced by young people in cooking. Methods. Five families participated in this study, of which one parent and one child were interviewed. This study has been conducted as semi-structured and structured interviews. Interviews of the parent were semi-structured and they included questions about food education at home. The interviews with the young people were structured and concerned the young people's ability to cook. The material was analyzed with the theory as its guide, where the earlier studies concepts arising from the previous theory were guiding the progress of the theory. Although the analysis of the data was mainly done qualitatively, the quantitative properties of the children's data were used to guide the analysis. Results and conclusions. The study resulted in three upper classes, which were social transmission, values of food education, and family culture. Each of these contained four subcategories. The unifying top category was the transmission of a social food culture. Food education aims to inherit the family’s food culture forward. The transfer of knowledge and skills by working together was considered important in food education. Food in general was also considered as an important value as well as the strive to bring the value of food forward. In terms of self-efficacy, it was found that parental interest in food was mediated by ability. Cooking skills were conveyed through doing things together and involving the child, allowing them to get involved and develop the ability. By involving children and passing on knowledge and skills, it is possible to increase children's own ability to cook.
  • Ketolainen, Katja (2021)
    Previous studies show that secondary school students participate in school meals in varying degrees. School meals are an important part of students ’school day as they are present at school every day. School meals are part of food education on basic education. With school lunch, students gain energy for study and they can better focus on teaching and learning. However, in many cases, convenience store products attract students more than food served at school. Research objective: The aim of this qualitative case study is to find out what different factors emerge from the students' method of empathy in the texts in relation to school meals. The aim was to find the various reasons raised by the students, which are why they either stay at the school to eat school lunch or go to the convenience store instead. The research questions of the study are: 1. How do students justify staying in to eat school lunch? 2. In what ways do students justify not staying in school meals? Methods. 7th grade students from one unified school in southern Finland participated in the study (N = 127). Data collection was carried out using the empathy method. There were two frame stories, in one of which the student experienced a situation where he went to a convenience store instead of attending school lunch, and in the other he stayed at the school himself to eat despite going to the friends' shop. The material was analyzed by data-driven content analysis. Results and conclusions. The most common reasons for students to stay in school to eat were the food served, the cause-and-effect relationship related to school rules, the healthiness of food, and money. The reasons for going to the store were most often the food served, the friends, the products from the store and the content of the break. The main themes that emerged from the data were ‘Top-down rules and regulations’, ‘Youth-related issues’ and ‘Student-related issues’. In future the research result can be utilized in home economics education and in the development of school meals.
  • Leimio, Marjo (2020)
    The supply of teaching materials is constantly changing and expanding. This is also affected by the digitalization of schools and learning. Digitalization was emphasized even more in the spring 2020, when the primary education was shifted to distance learning due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Teachers are constantly required to consider and make decisions on the teaching methods they use. This study is conducted in collaboration with the Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (FCCA). Among other things, the FCCA produces teaching materials. One of them is the Ostopolku [Consumption path]- teaching material, which aims to show the different parts of shopping process and how they are linked to each other. This material has been developed in collaboration with teachers. The aim of this research is to observe, what kind of user experiences teachers have from the teaching material. The purpose is to find out how teachers use the material, what kind of experiences they have as users of the material and how they would develop it. The data were collected using an electronic survey (n=10). In addition to the survey, I interviewed one teacher who had used the Ostopolku -teaching material in her teaching. Also, a specialist’s interview was conducted with Taina Mäntylä from the FCCA, the developer of the teaching material. The aim of Mäntylä's interview was to deepen the material and evaluate what kind of similarities and differences can be found in her interview and teachers' user experiences. The collected material guided the analysis, the research was conducted with the data-driven qualitative content analysis. Teachers are generally satisfied with the Ostopolku- teaching material. Pupils were actively involved in the lessons and the material was found to be suitable for both home economics and social studies lessons when the grade to be taught was taken into consideration in the content. There were also development suggestions for the teaching material, while the material itself was found to be quite extensive compared to the planned duration of the lessons. Teachers also expressed their hopes for adding various videos and smaller assignments to the material.
  • Salminen, Anni (2021)
    Recipes are an essential part of today’s cooking culture, both in consumers’ daily lives and in the teaching of home economics. Previous research focusing on recipes has hardly considered consumers’ views on what features are part of a successful and user-friendly recipe. In order to create recipes that meet the needs of consumers, it is necessary to find out what kind of recipes satisfy consumers. The study aimed to identify the features that consumers value in a good recipe. The research was carried out using qualitative methods. The data consists of eleven individual interviews with consumers. The interviews were conducted remotely. Expressions associated with the features of a good recipe were analyzed and classified using data-driven content analysis. The analysis was used to create two main categories: the selection and usage of the recipe. Both categories reflect the features consumers value in a good recipe. The research results provide an indication of what kind of features consumers value in a recipe. According to the study, there is no absolute “good recipe” that would appeal to all consumers. A good recipe makes it easier for consumers to cook and bake. It does not only contain features that are important for the use of the recipe, but it also fits the specific criteria that consumers use when choosing recipes. The recipe is chosen if it inspires customers, gives them new ideas, seems reliable, and quickly triggers a pleasant reaction. Using a recipe is considered worthwhile if following the recipe is easy and effortless so that the customer can achieve a successful outcome with the recipe. The result should match consumers' image of the recipe, which is created through written and visual communication. The research results can help in the design and implementation of recipes for home economics teachers and other professionals. Further research could be carried out to identify the sources consumers use to find new recipes and how the exceptional circumstances caused by the COVID-19 pandemic are visible in the use of recipes.
  • Lamminen, Linnea (2022)
    The purpose of this study is to illustrate and describe consumers’ view of sustainable clothing and which factors affect consumers’ clothing consumption habits. Furthermore, this study aims to find out which aspect of sustainability regarding clothing is less emphasized by respondents. The theoretical part of this study combines perspectives of consumption survey, crafts science and home economics. Previous studies indicate that sustainable clothing consists of clothing design, production, selling, buying, consumption and recycling. In this study, sustainable consumption refers to favouring sustainable clothing, reducing consumption and amending one’s consumption habits towards more sustainable choices. Consumption habits can be amended by, for instance, buying only for need, using apparel longer, taking properly care of them and recycling them after use. The material for this qualitative study was acquired by thematic interviews. To be more specific, the research material consists of six transcribed remote interviews. The interviewees were recruited trough a Facebook-group focusing on sustainable fashion. Then, the research material gathered trough the said interviews was analysed using data-driven content analysis. To conclude, the results of this study indicate that consumers experienced that the sustainability of clothing affects their clothing consumption significantly. Furthermore, each aspect of sustainability was recognised as significant in promoting sustainable clothing. However, not all aspects of sustainability were considered important in one’s own clothing consumption. For instance, recyclability was not considered to be an important factor when choosing sustainable clothing. Furthermore, consumers experienced recognising and finding sustainable clothing to be challenging.
  • Paloviita, Miliza (2022)
    This research studies the consumers’ thoughts on buying clothes and naturally dyed clothes. Former studies show that especially price and appearance are significant factors for consumers when purchasing clothing. As the knowledge of sustainability grows stronger, the ethical and ecological bases of textile industry have gained more importance for consumers. The studies show that the consumers’ thoughts on natural dyes are mainly positive. Consumers are interested in naturally dyed clothes but the expensive price and possibly worse color durability makes them feel doubtful. There aren’t many former studies about consumers concern for natural dyes. This study examines the consumers’ knowledge of this subject and gives information about what is expected of naturally dyed clothes. Research material was collected using semi-structured theme interviews and stimulus material. 12 consumers were part of the study and they were individually interviewed. The interviewees were 22-57 years old and represent different genders. The research is qualitative and the material has been analyzed using data-based content analysis. The consumers felt important that the clothes are comfortable of good quality and good looking. Ethical and ecological side of the fabric industry were meaningful to the consumers but because of financial reasons some couldn´t afford clothes produced with their values in mind. Clothes dyed with natural dyes woke twofold thoughts with the consumers. They were seen as safer for the environment and the users but their colors were suspected to endure less time and their color selection fewer. The consumers were ready to pay more for naturally dyed clothes if the production process and used materials were robust. They also felt that the clothes should be quite easy care and the colors durable in use. In conclusion, the consumers are interested in acquiring clothes dyed with natural dyes.
  • Iivanainen, Josefiina (2021)
    The study examines consumers’ views about cosmetic packaging. Previously, this topic has been studied as the acquisition of packaging at the store in which the focus has been on the color, materiality, and ecology. Natural and organic cosmetics have recently gained scholarly interest, yet, the packaging itself has not. This study is interested in what the visuals, colors, materials and recycling aspects of cosmetic packaging mean to consumers. The phenomenon is examined as the use of packaging and from the perspective of everyday aesthetics at home. The data was collected as pair interviews (n=12) using semi-structured theme interview and stimulus material (biodegradable cosmetic packaging). The interviewees were 26–67 years old. The data was analyzed by using qualitative content analysis. This study contributes to the discussion about aesthetic meanings of cosmetic packaging by focusing on the ecological aspects and the challenges related to recycling. Earlier studies have mainly studied food packages. In this study, cosmetic packaging was seen as a part of everyday aesthetics and the items were seen as visually pleasing and a part of interior decoration. Consumers associated the visual aspects and colors with their identity and self-expression. On the one hand, the packaging conveys about everyday and affordable cosmetics, and on the other hand, about luxurious and high-quality cosmetics. Through the packaging material and colors, consumers conclude how ecological of the product and packaging. Consumers combine the material of cosmetic packaging and the amount of material with the environmental friendliness and recyclability of the packaging. Consumers identify the prevalence of plastic use, the overpacking of cosmetics and the empty space of packaging as ecological challenges for cosmetic packaging. With regard to packaging material, more choice was seen in food, and the purchase of food was also perceived to be more important from an ecological point of view than the purchase of cosmetics. Recycling is challenged by unclear materials for consumers, multi-material packaging, different coatings and the fact that packaging cannot be easily emptied. Consumers therefore wish clearer recycling instructions for packaging. The recycling of packaging inks proved to be an unknown topic. However, in the case of color recycling, the materiality of the colorant, its separation from the packaging material, and the toxicity and harmfulness of the colors to nature were considered.
  • Kivijärvi, Alpo (2022)
    Objectives. The purpose of this master's thesis was to find out what sustainability means for second-hand consumers and what other meanings consumers attach to second-hand consumption. In previous studies, second-hand consumers have experienced that consuming used products is more environmentally friendly, economical, and ethical than buying new products. Consumers have also found that strolling around flea markets is a great way to spend time or make unexpected and interesting discoveries. The theoretical framework of the study has been constructed using research on consumption practices, Western consumer culture, and second-hand consumption. In addition, one key theme in the research is also the concept of the circular economy. At the end of the study, factors are considered that could improve the user-friendliness of second-hand sales channels. Methods. The study material was collected through a semi-structured thematic interview, and eight people from different cities around Finland participated in the study (n = 8). Respondents were asked how often they buy second-hand goods, what are their motives and what challenges they have possibly faced when they have bought second-hand products. In addition, the interview questions were related to what the circular economy means to them and how they perceived modern consumer culture. The data were analyzed using the theory-guiding approach. Results and conclusions. Most of the interviewees experienced second-hand consuming is financially better option than buying new products. Some of the interviewees found that strolling around flea markets was also a way to spend time, and flea markets offered unexpected selection of goods or ‘’treasures’’. For the interviewees, the circular economy meant the longevity of the life cycle of objects, sustainable use of various products and recycling. Goods deemed unnecessary were either donated, sold or recycled in alternative ways. Consuming culture was described with negative adjectives, such as distressing or unsustainable on several occasions. The challenges were the availability and range of second-hand products, as well as issues related to the condition and quality of the products. Some felt that traditional flea markets were unclean, which is why second-hand products were sought from the internet instead of traditional flea markets. The barrier for consumers to buy second-hand goods could be lowered, for example, through clean, modern, and more diverse recycling shops and developing new applications and technologies.
  • Pihlajamäki, Sari (2021)
    The aim of the study was to find out negotiation experiences between the parents of co-parenting arrangements. The research problem is how the cooperation is built in co-parenting arrangements through negotiations and what kind of actions co-parents do to make the family form to continue. These co-parenting arrangements are based mutual agreement and the child’s biological parents and their desired partners are committed to raising the child together, without an intimate or romantic relationship between co-parents. The negotiation is understood as a combination of verbal communication and actions between the parties and the goal is to accomplish joint understanding. Parenting in these families has been found to be thoughtful and well planned. The research was carried out using qualitative research methods. The research group included the parents in co-parenting arrangement families who have already have a child. The data was collected through a semi-structured thematic interview. Three persons were interviewed, two of them defined themselves as mothers and one as father. Interviewees were acquired through social media, researcher contacts, and the snowball effect. Two interviews were conducted face-to-face and one remotely on video. The data was analyzed by data-driven content analysis. The analysis suggests that in the co-parenting arrangements family was established based on the similarity of parents’ wishes and values. The biological mother’s home had the most decision-making power. Parents tried to find potential problems and eliminated them in advance or made changes in their actions when the problems arose. Lack of arguments was understood as smooth and well working co-parenting. According to the study, the biological parent’s bond with the child is considered special and the role of the biological mother is the least negotiable. The negotiations are related to building cooperation in the co-parenting arrangements families. Research shows that in these family’s co-parents consciously construct their cooperation from the time they first met. If some of the parents has life changes it also affects other co-parent’s daily life and their roles. Therefore, the society should be able to provide support for these families to build their co-operation that considers the specificities of the family.
  • Haapala, Sonja (2023)
    Objectives. The aim of this thesis is to find out which factors cause parental burnout. Furthermore, the aim is to produce information for parents, society, and decision-makers on how to raise a child with respect for childhood, but without them having to give up their own life. The study investigates risk factors that can cause burnout to parents. The research question is which factors affect parental burnout and to be more specific what the risk factors and protective factors of burnout are. In this thesis, a descriptive literature review was made. A lot of previous research has been done on the topic. The resource and burden factors of parenting research project have investigated the exhaustion of parents around the world. There are clear indications that exhaustion will soon be one of the national diseases unless something is done to the matter. The purpose of this thesis is to open the topic from the perspective of risk factors and to understand better the exhaustion of parents and to find out something new on the topic. I connect the subject to Home Economics, because I see that the subject contains content areas that young people could use in their future. Starting their own family and becoming a parent is relevant to most of the young people in Home Economics classes at some point in their lives. Methods. As a research method, I used a descriptive literature review. My research was based on the resource and risk factors of parenting (VoiKu) research project carried out at the University of Jyväskylä. The driving factor for the entire research process of this descriptive literature review is the research questions. The questions that I have prepared are based on a broad topic and theme related to parental burnout. The research material consists of previously published research information relevant to the research topic. The material is compiled from scientific publications that I selected from the International Investigation of Parental Burnout (IIPB) ─ research project. Results and conclusions. According to the results, risk factors for parental burnout were socially prescribed perfectionism, self-oriented perfectionism, child-oriented perfectionism, personality traits, unemployment, depression, anxiety, work flexibility compared to a partner, low support from a partner, lack of cooperation, parenting styles, the role of values, parents' negative views of adolescence, emotion regulation, emotion regulation strategies, positive parenting, and lack of social support. According to the results, these risk factors were related to parental burnout. The results showed that the risk factors of parental burnout are important to consider when a parent experiences burnout. The results also showed that parental burnout is a very multidimensional phenomenon, and each risk factor is unique, and it would be important to identify these risk factors to be able to react to them in time and for the parent/parents to get the support they need in time. Parental exhaustion often affects both parents, which means that it would be important to remember that the different service providers face families as a team and not just as individuals.
  • Kinos, Vili (2022)
    The purpose of this master's thesis was to get acquainted with the stages of home economics in the light of the editorials in Kotitalous magazine in the years 1996–2016. Based on the editorials, we look at how the home economics is described and what is highlighted about home economics education. The background and context of the study are the history of the home economics and the previous research on home economics. The history of home eco- nomics shows its long-standing struggle for position. Home economics research places the industry strongly in a social context. The research questions are: 1. How is home economics described in the editorials of Kotitalous magazine from 1996 to 2016? 2. How is the subject of home economics described in the editorials of the magazine 1996- 2016? The study is a qualitative-historical study that used content analysis as its methods. The ma- terial-based and theory-based approach was utilized in the three-step analysis. The editorials of Kotitalous magazine were used as the research material. The sample of the material was 121 editorials from 1996–2016. Home economics were often described as mirroring their history. The multidisciplinary field of home economics and the subject of home economics were described through its social mis- sion, women’s groups, and the difficulties that the field has overcome. The sector appears to be a socially driven sub-entity that seeks to have a positive impact on individuals and families and thus on society. The sector is described in a situation where it must defend its position in both society and education. Readers were instructed to network and develop in their field, in some places developing their field was an obligation to participate in joint work. The editorials aim to increase readers ’professional pride, sense of unity, and professionalism and resilience at work. The industry will continue its struggle to consolidate its position as a subject and discipline. The social task is still at the heart of the sector.
  • Mustonen, Maiju (2022)
    The importance of financial capability has been emphasized for the individual and society. There are a variety of financial products on the market from which consumers should choose the ones that suit them. Life expectancy has increased, which challenges the functioning of the pension system. These societal changes have broadened the field of financial capability and increased the individual's responsibility for his or her own finances. The aim of the study is to look at how young adults describe their financial capability learning and how young adults describe the challenges and skills related to the finance after moving out from their childhood home. The study was conducted as a qualitative study and the material was collected by interviewing 11 young adults aged 22–29 with a thematic interview. The material was analyzed by content analysis, and the division of financial expertise developed by Atkinson, McKay, Kempson, & Collard (2006) was also used as an analysis tool. According to the study, financial and money related issues have been learned in various ways in childhood. The financial capability learned at home could be described more comprehensively than those learned at school. Young adults also expressed a desire to increase economics education in schools. After moving out of the childhood home, finance and money related skills and knowledge were learned through new life situations (e.g., periods of unemployment, becoming a parent, buying a home), retrieving information yourself (e.g., the Internet, books, and social media) and talking about money with family, friends, and co-workers. When moving from a childhood home, the skills and challenges of the managing money (e.g., everyday budgeting) and the planning ahead challenges (e.g., applying for social benefits) were emphasized. However, there was a clear change in the challenges after several years of moving out from your childhood home. According to the young people, the focus of the challenges became time-oriented, such as saving and investing, retirement savings and mortgages. Based on the results of the research, it can be stated that young adults learn financial skills in their daily lives, although informal home teaching and formal schooling no longer support learning.
  • Liikanen, Anne (2021)
    Goals. The aim of the study is to find out the consumption of children 's fashion in families with young children. What qualities are relevant for mothers when purchasing children clothes? What factors influence the consumption of children's fashion? Previous studies show that mothers mainly buy clothes for their children. Mothers feel they are good mothers when they dress their children beautifully. Clothing is part of identity and its construction. Through clothing, the aim is also to belong to or stand out from the ranks. Children's clothing should be practical, comfortable, cheerful, colorful or light, and clean and intact. Fashion, high cost, elegance, dark colors and investment in the brand are accepted with reservation. Ecology and ethics are a growing trend in consumption. Methods. I collected the material electronically using the Helsinki e-form. I sent a link to the survey to a Facebook group with a lot of mothers of young children. The survey received 403 responses, of which 401 remained in the final data. In addition to the structured questions, there were two open-ended questions in the survey. This qualitative data was used to enliven and support the quantitative results. Quantitative data were analyzed by descriptive statistical methods such as percentages. I also used cross-tabulation and correlations in the analysis. In the analysis of qualitative data, I used theory-based content analysis. I tailored the themes according to the themes found through the quantitative results of the material. Results and conclusions. According to the study, mothers are the primary purchasers of children's clothes. In children's clothing, mothers valued practicality, good technical properties, ecology and ethics, as well as domesticity. Obtaining used children's clothing was popular. Consuming fashion through social media was more common than buying fashion clothes. Consumption of fashion clothes was more common than purchasing designer clothes. Children's fashion highlighted ecological and ethical values, but the problem was over-consumption of clothes and over-spending. Gender equality is sought with gender-neutral clothing, but equality is not reflected at all in the procurement of clothing. The increase in the values of ecology and ethics is due to the fact that there is a lot of talk about environmental problems and climate change and how to solve them.
  • Häyrinen, Kaisa (2022)
    Aims. The aims of this master’s thesis were to find out why the new generations are still choosing hunting as their hobby and the significance of the game meat in the hunters’ households. Also, one interest was how important hunting is seen in the future during these unstable times. The Finnish hunting culture has changed over the time and hunting is not seen as an obligatory lifeline for the families rather than a relaxing hobby. On the other hand, hunting and the game meat can be seen as part of the self-sufficient household. The research questions of this thesis were: 1. Why some people of the new generations still choose hunting as their hobby? 2. How significant role does the game meat have in the hunters’ households? Methods. This thesis was carried out according to the qualitative research methods. 15 interviews of the topic were done in the summer 2022 and the informants were adults who hunt as their hobby. All the material collected during the interviews was analysed by using material-oriented methods. Results and conclusions. Finnish hunting culture has remained quite stable over the years because the new generations are still adapting hunting as a hobby. It is not only seen as a family tradition anymore and can also be inspired by friends or spouses. Meaning of the hunting has also changed because more often people are only looking for spending relaxing free time with friends which includes eating and drinking well, sauna and discussions with similar minded people. Even though hunting is more of a relaxing hobby than a mandatory activity, the appreciation towards the nature and the animals is extremely high. The game meat is used in different purposes, often it is offered during celebrational feasts and some use it as a protein supplement in their everyday, mostly vegetarian diet. For some people the game meat means self-sufficient household and being able to get rid of the meat produced by the livestock industry.
  • Pöllänen, Heidi (2021)
    Objectives. The objective of the study was to clarify, to describe and to analyse how the eating recommendations of the early childhood education come true especially for food education about private childminder. I also tried to clarify how the food education is put into practice in the private childminder's workday and what kind of factors promote or prevent of the food education. The earlier studies have shown that the eating during of the early childhood education has significance and that the children in the daycare have more versatile eating habits than the children that have been taken care at home. The research questions were formulated partly based on the eating recommendation of the early childhood education which gives the general guidelines for the offering and food education of the food which promotes health. The recommendation has been meant for all the operators of the early childhood education. Methods. The study was carried out as a qualitative study. The material of the study was collected as theme interviews. Seven private childminders participated in the interview. All the interviewees worked at home and they had 1–5-year-old children in the full-time daycare. The recorded material was transcribed for the analysis. Qualitative research material was analyzed by thematising. In addition to the qualitative material, I was able to use the menus from them on which it was in use. Results and conclusions. Eating recommendations of the early childhood education were followed well on private childminders. The eating situations were peaceful and unhurried, and children were encouraged to taste all the available foods without forcing. A private childminders' appreciation and respect for food appeared in many ways. Many emphasized that they wanted to prepare the meals themselves from the scratch and some preferred to use as much as possible the crops of their own yard or those of local producers. The factors which promoted the food education were working at home and small group size in which case it was possible to let the children participate in the food preparation. The private childminders were hoping to get more peer support in their work and since the work was seen as very responsible, they wished for additional education from the municipalities about food education and eating situations. All the private childminders experienced that they were food educators, but most of them had challenges to recognize the definition of the food education and the identification. Based on the results the private childminders' work could be developed by providing opportunities to participate in the education and by increasing the consciousness of the food education.
  • Volotin, Ida (2022)
    The purpose of this study is to find out what kind of tensions school actors experience and bring up as a part of the multi-professional collaborative planning and action process related to food education. In addition, this study is interested in what kind of collaborative learning is built based on these tensions. These results are conceptualized using levels of shared food sense. The study examined the collaboration process between three subject teachers and the school's food-service manager, during which a theme day for the whole school “environment friendly food day” was planned, implemented, and evaluated. So far, there has been no similar research in Finland on cooperation between food service and teaching staff or the utilization of school meals as a multidisciplinary learning entity in school communities. This study aims to respond to this research gap, as the national recommendations covering school meals (2017) and the Finnish National Curriculum (2014) guide and recommend the school community to consider school catering more widely as part of food education and multi-professional collaboration. This study was part of the RUOKATAJU (2020–2022) project. In this study data included multi-professional meetings, the teachers' open feedback questionnaire and interviews. The analysis was theory-based and utilized the definition of shared food sense and tensions. Collaborative learning was noticeable in relation to planning the ”environment friendly food day” implementation through joint understanding. Instead, the tensions that appeared during the evaluation phase provided appropriate information about the challenges related to the cooperation between the food service and teaching staff. Tensions were related, for example, to the hectic work of the food service staff, the staff resources provided by the employer, the diversity of the teacher's work, lack of information about school meal practices, the lack of professional competence or meaning. When considering further research ideas, it would be worthwhile to also make the voice of principals and the food service industry heard.
  • Jylhälehto, Sini (2023)
    Previous research on the needs of diverse families has focused on legislation and its functionality in diverse families. In addition, everyday conflicts have been studied in general from the perspective of families with children, without giving special attention to the diversity of families. The purpose of this study is to map the experiences of diverse families about the support they receive and thus highlight the special needs of families who are not included in the family norm in a support system that draws from a nuclear family approach. The study examines the social support received by diverse families in relation to their everyday experiences. The data is examined to find the conflict situations that diverse families experience due to the support they receive or being excluded from support in their everyday lives. Support refers to both financial benefits and other societal support received by families. The context of the study is in the families' own everyday experiences. The research has been carried out by means of qualitative content analysis and is based on the phenomenographic research tradition. The data has been formed from the answers of a questionnaire “How far does your money go?” carried out by the Diverse Families network. The answers used to form the data were from these questions: 1) "If you could change a mean of support or benefit to better suit the situation of your family or household, what would it be and how would you change it? If you wish, you can mention more than one mean of support or benefit” and 2) "If your children live in two or more different homes, have you noticed any shortcomings in the support or benefit systems concerning this situation? If so, what?" 285 respondents had answered either one or both questions. The formed data were analyzed in a theory-driven manner. As a result, the study highlights a fault: there are diverse families that receive societal sup-port that does not meet the needs they experience. Conflicts arise mainly because the family's situation is not comprehensively mapped out. Families experience that their needs are not listened to or understood in the support process, which is perceived as fragmented and does not take diversity into consideration. The study shows that diverse families should be supported and studied primarily from an intersectional perspective.
  • Hoffrén, Noora (2023)
    Based on previous studies, there are many kinds of food talk and food takes on many different meanings, which partially overlap. There are tensions in food talk that challenge the attitude towards food and affect the choice of food. Consumers struggle in the cross-wave of food-related information, because a lot of information is available on different platforms and from different sources. In addition, the media plays a large role in today's everyday life, which is why it is necessary and also natural to study the discourses formed by food precisely on the social media platform. The purpose of the study was to find out what discourses are formed in the food-related publications of Instagram influencers. The research task is therefore to describe, analyze and interpret food talk in the captions of the publications of welfare and food influencers. The perspective and approach to the subject is socio-constructionist. The thesis aims to find out how influencers try to create or unknowingly create different meanings and references about food talk on social media platforms. The material was collected in the spring of 2022 from the Instagram photo service. Data collection time was one and a half years, 08/2021–03/2022. The research group consisted of five well-being and five food influencers. The captions of 65 food-related publications from their accounts were selected for review. The material was analyzed using discourse analysis. The research material contained ways of speaking that were identified as discourses. In food talk, four different discourses appeared on the influencers' user accounts; pleasure, ease, responsibility and normativity. The discourses of normativity and effortlessness were formed from the captions of both groups of influencers. The discourse of pleasure, on the other hand, was formed only in the captions of well-being influencers, and the discourse of responsibility only in the captions of food influencers. For food influencers, the discourses included, for example, atmosphere, utilization of services, avoiding food waste and climate issues. For well-being influencers health served as a strong guideline for everything they do. The main meanings behind the discourses were the healthfulness of food and food as a source of pleasure, the ease of cooking, the responsibility of purchasing and using food, and confronting assumptions about what kind of eating is used to and what is considered accepted and worth striving for. The results of the work could be used in educational, organizational and research work around the topic of food.