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Browsing by Author "Pulli, Launo"

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  • Pulli, Launo (2020)
    In many Fennoscandian lakes, diatoms account for majority of phytoplankton biomass during the spring and autumn maximum. Autumnal blooms of filament-forming diatoms are known to cause fishing net fouling in several boreal lakes. Observations of such net sliming diatom blooms in the northern part of Lake Vesijärvi have increased during 2010’s. This thesis was done in collaboration with Lake Vesijärvi Foundation. The goal was to determine the starting time of the autumnal diatom bloom of 2018 and reveal the species that causes net sliming. Additionally, differences in water quality and phytoplankton composition between Enonselkä and Kajaanselkä basins were examined. Fishing net sliming was studied with netting experiments. Their results were complemented with water quality sampling and observing water column mixing conditions. Local fishermen reported net sliming to begin at week 40 (starting 1.10.2018) in Kajaanselkä basin during autumnal turnover. Results of netting experiments and water quality sampling revealed simultaneous increase in diatom abundance in the area, although no visible sliming occurred during sampling. Based on fishers’ reports and sampling results, fishing net sliming was caused by filament-forming diatom Aulacoseira islandica, that increased in abundance as water temperature reached ca. 11 °C. In Enonselkä, no similar net sliming was observed, and phytoplankton was dominated by cyanobacteria Planktothrix agardhii. Both basins of the lake are affected by eutrophication, but Enonselkä basin more so than Kajaanselkä. Although no clear explanation for differing phytoplankton composition between the two basins was discovered, it’s possible that Aulacoseira islandica receives competitive edge over cyanobacteria in mildly eutrophic waters of Kajaanselkä basin. The fact that Planktothrix agardhii seems to thrive in higher nutrient concentrations might explain its domination over diatoms in phytoplankton community of Enonselkä basin. Future research on net sliming would ideally be conducted as a combination of sliming accounting done by local fishermen and spatially and temporally more comprehensive netting experiments. Furthermore, studying the effects of wind and currents to diatom distribution in lakes could provide useful information for sampling setup.