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Browsing by discipline "ympäristöekonomia"

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  • Tienhaara, Annika (2011)
    The purpose of this study is to examine the potential demand for Finnish indigenous cattle meat. The specialty product markets for indigenous cattle meat can help to keep these rare, native breeds in production use. Therefore the markets can provide means to preserve valuable Finnish animal genetic resources. Because the profitability of the production of specialty meat product depends on it’s price premium, this study also examines consumers’ willingness to pay for indigenous cattle meat compared to conventional meat. The data was collected in the spring 2010 with survey designed by MTT Agrifood Research Finland and National Consumer Research Center. Both contingent behavior and contingent valuation methods were used in the study. The sample size of the study is 1623. Consumers’ willingness to purchase and the factors affecting it were studied with binary and ordered regression models. Consumers’ willingness to pay for indigenous cattle meat and the factors affecting it were studied with grouped data regression model. In addition to the socio-economic variables, also variables describing consumers’ attitudes and behavior were used as explanatory variables in the models. The results show that up to 86 % of respondents would purchase indigenous cattle meat if it was available in stores. The most relevant variables affecting consumers’ willingness to purchase were gender (female) (-), household with children aged under 18 (+) and positive attitude towards local food (+) and environmental friendliness (+). The majority of respondents would buy indigenous cattle meat if it was as expensive as conventional meat, but about a quarter (23.5 %) of respondents would be willing to pay a higher price for indigenous cattle meat than for conventional meat. The variables affecting consumers’ willingness to pay included for example gender (female) (-), income (+) and being part of some environmental organization (+). The average willingness to pay for indigenous cattle meat was 6,25 % higher than for conventional meat among all respondents. Willingness to pay was clearly linked to how often the respondent would be willing to buy indigenous cattle meat. Willingness to pay was highest among those respondents who would like to buy meat on a regular basis.
  • Veuro, Sini (2007)
    This thesis studies the use of natural resources for leisure time activities. The method used is Material Input per Service Unit (MIPS method). Leisure time has an increasing effect on the material flows of households, and that way has a bigger pressure on the environment. The most popular way of spending spare time in Finland is to watch TV and to listen to music or radio. Regardless of these, this thesis takes a closer look at boating, playing a musical instrument and visiting a theatre and tries to quantify their material flows. MIPS calculations of this thesis are case-studies and do not tell the whole truth about the hobbies. The aim was to have an overview about the magnitude of the activities. In the boating calculations, inside the system boundaries there are the boat itself, transport of the boat, outboard motor, gasoline consumption of the outboard motor, travelling to and from the harbour, and the harbour infrastructure. Calculations of playing a music instrument consider the instrument itself, music school and its maintenance, and travelling to the school. In the case of theatre the included things are theatre house and its maintenance, decor and costumes of the plays, transport of the decor, and travelling of the audience. The results of this thesis suggest that the biggest material flow of boating comes from travelling to and from the harbour and from the harbour infrastructure. The gasoline consumption of the outboard motor also makes a difference. One hour of boating with a rowing boat consumes 1 kg of abiotic materials. Boating with an outboard motorboat consumes astonishing 113 kg of abiotic resources. Visiting a music lesson for one hour consumes 9 kg of abiotic resources when travelling there by bus. One hour in a theatre play consumes 17 kg of abiotic materials when travelling by bus. Transport has a significant role on the resource consumption of leisure time activities.