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Browsing by study line "Käsityönopettaja"

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  • Kaasalainen, Eveliina (2023)
    Aims. In basic education, students acquire important basic skills that are necessary for success in further studies. Craft competence developed in the craft subject promote not only practical and theoretical knowledge, but also students' awareness and self-knowledge. The study examines the perceptions of vocational teachers about craft competence as school readiness for vocational education and the factors affecting it, such as the need for cooperation between educational levels. Methods. The research data was mainly collected in November 2022 with a online survey from vocational teachers (n=81). The survey was distributed both on social media and directly to vocational schools with research permits. The research was guided by phenomenography due to its nature of exploring perceptions. The answers to the open-ended questions of the survey were analyzed by means of phenomenographic analysis, and as a result, description categories characteristic of phenomenographic analysis were created. In addition, the material was quantitatively analyzed for the attitude statements in the questionnaire. Results and conclusions. Based on the perceptions of vocational teachers, craft competence as school readiness was divided into three descriptive categories: craft knowledge, craft skills, and craft attitudes.These description categories included handcraft skills, theoretical knowledge about craft tools, materials and design among other things, artistic ability, working fluency such as self-directedness, work safety skills and problem-solving and reasoning skills, as well as individual factors such as attitudes, values and motivation. Vocational teachers considered craft competence important, especially with technical craft skills being particularly valued. The level of craft competence was generally assessed as weak, which was also evident from the answers to the open questions. The need for cooperation between the craft subject and vocational education was felt to be important, and the positive effects of cooperation were seen especially as an increase in awareness and the development of skills. Cooperation could be implemented through workshop activities, visits and jointly set goals
  • Halonen, Alisa (2021)
    The purpose of this study is to investigate how craft teachers in Finnish basic education perceive their digital technology competence, how they integrate digital technology in their teaching and which factors influence the teachers’ experiences of their own competence to integrate digital technology in crafts . The aim is to map the current state of digital technology competence of craft teachers, so that it is possible to become more aware of the factors that promote and prevent it. The research data was collected with a structured questionnaire and interview. 17 craft teachers responded to the research questionnaire, and four craft teachers participated in the interview. The Likert-scale survey was part of a larger Growing Mind research project. The two datasets were analyzed separately. In the questionnaire analysis, the frequencies, medians and standard deviations of the answers were examined. The interview material was analyzed qualitatively combining data-driven and theory-based analysis. The results indicated that craft teachers' experiences of their own digital technology competence varied. However, teachers felt that their technological competence was sufficient, and instead of static competence, they emphasized the importance of maintenance and continuous development of the competence. Digital technology was perceived as supportive to teaching, but its use in teaching remained rather one-sided. Teachers viewed digital technology as a teaching tool. There were numerous factors influencing teachers' technological competence, and in addition to the teacher's own technological know-how, it is also important to consider the context where teachers work. The teachers identified the lack of technological equipment, programs and applications as the biggest obstacle of developing their own technological competence.
  • Kosunen, Mari (2022)
    Objectives. The purpose of this study is to elucidate and describe the Finnish natural dyeing tradition. The research is interested in who natural dyers are, and how they dye. The study is also searching knowledge on what color sources dyers use, as well as how they have learned the skill and whether they share their knowledge with others. In addition, the study examines the significance of natural dyeing for dyers. It is important to study the topic because there is no previous research data on the tradition of natural dyeing in Finland. The theoretical background of the research focuses on natural colorants, natural dyeing, and the tradition of natural dyeing in Finland, and the concept of tradition. Methods. This is craft science research where folkloristics is adapted. The study material of which consists of a survey and thematic interviews. To the survey 35 responded 35 Finnish dyers and of them 26 was interviewed. The participants were Finnish natural dyers. The interview material was analyzed by using content analysis. Results and conclusions. The study found that typically, Finnish natural dyers are women over the age of 51 and they dye once a month or more often. The most widely used dyeing technique is boiling dyeing. The most commonly used mordants are alum and tartar. The most popular dyed materials are wool, cotton, silk and linen. Interviewees mentioned 37 different favorite color sources. Natural dyes are made for personal use, as a gift and for sale. Most of the respondents use dyed material for their own crafts, but they are also used for textile art and as material samples for teaching. The most common way for Finnish natural dyers to obtain color sources is to collect them from the nature. Information about natural dyeing is sought in books, journal articles and the Internet, but learning by experiment is also a common way to gain knowledge about nature dyeing. Communality and knowledge sharing are essential parts of the natural dyeing tradition. Also, Internet and smartphones include important sharing tools. Based on this research material it can be concluded that the transfer and sharing of dyeing information is an essential part of the natural dyeing tradition in Finland.
  • Kärki, Elisa (2020)
    Objectives. Many studies, activities, processes, services, and even individual products in sustainability (sustainable development) aim at change either only explicitly or only implicitly. However, change often remains unnecessarily modest considering the severity of the problems. This tendency exists in the field of craft science, fashion and more broadly. The research assignment is to describe, analyse and interpret change for sustainability in the field of fashion. The research task is to analyse the philosophical concept meliorism’s potential to produce new insight to this central question of sustainability. The aim is to examine change and understand with meliorism those conditions in which highly challenging and complex information could still be received without paralysis and acted on in consistent and constructive manners. Methods. The chosen data Fashion Transparency Index is compiled by the world’s leading fashion and sustainability campaign: Fashion Revolution. The index is a comparative review on fashion brands’ transparency on sustainability issues from year 2020. The analysis was done in stages. First it was mainly data-driven content analysis where the phenomenon’s concrete manifestations were more prominent. Towards the end theory-driven analysis with the help of concept of meliorism was in focus. Results and conclusions. In Fashion Transparency Index change for sustainability in the field of fashion remains mostly as vague hope, transparency tool making and optimistic descriptions of the sustainability activities of big fashion brands. However, based on further results of this study, it can be tentatively claimed that if meliorism’s active take on making a difference, the preconditions for change for sustainability could be met. In other words if we are not to sink into hopeless pessimism nor give into unfounded optimism but we actively absorb inaccessible, incomplete and even anxiety provoking information and act in accordance to that information, we have an opportunity to improve the presence and above all the future of fashion field.
  • Vilkman, Beisa (2021)
    Making crafts is no longer based on need alone. The importance of craft as a subject emphasizing self-expression has grown, and craft teachers have a significant role in how craft is valued in the future. The theoretical framework of the study examines the sociocultural context of craft and which elements affect the expressive meanings of craft. The study outlines the meanings associated with craft expression by craft teacher students and discourses based on the research data. The use of language as a research subject reflected the contextual nature and culture of the meanings related to craft expression. In the study, discourse referred to a fairly established discussion about issues that construct social reality. The research data consisted of 38 essays written by the craft teacher students in the University of Helsinki during the Study planning course in 2014 and 2017. Part of the essay assignment was to reflect on one’s own craft expression. The qualitative research method was interpretive discourse analysis. Initially, through content analysis, I outlined what meanings craft teacher students attached to craft expression when describing their own craft expression. In the discursive analysis phase, I interpreted what kind of discourses were constructed from the data. The data emphasized product- and need-based understanding of craft, in which practicality was found to exclude expressiveness of craft. Based on the data analysis, four discourses of craft expression were constructed: sustainable craft, flawless craft making, beauty and non-expression. Like the meanings associated with craft expression, discourses overlapped, and the topics got various aspects in different discourses. The meanings and discourses associated with craft expression open up the effects of craft culture and help to understand the significance of craft as part of the diversity of life.
  • Torvinen, Tiina (2023)
    Various implementation media can be used to create instructions to support independent skill learning. Despite this, little research has been done on the perception and significance of instructional materials for learning a craft skill. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to understand more deeply the connection between perceptions and learning a craft skill independently. In addition, the goal was to get deeper understanding on the inner processes of the mind that apply observations made from the instructions into practical activity and finally into skill. Of special interest in the study were the observations made by those learning craft skill independently of the instructions implemented using different media, as well as the cognitive processes in the process of learning craft skill. The primary research material consisted of recordings containing videos of the computer screen and thinking aloud, which the test subjects produced while learning Tunisian crocheting independently in an online learning environment. The secondary research material was reflections written by the test subjects afterwards. The test subjects produced recordings unsupervised. The recordings were analyzed with the Atlas.ti 22 following the principles of protocol analysis. The reflections were analyzed by thematizing the content relevant to the research. Based on the research results, the learning of a motor skill is based on the observations that are made in the learning process, but along with the observations, experimentation and practice promote the learning of the skill. The study also showed that the implementation of e-learning materials in multimedia serves different learners in learning a skill, even though video instructions require less cognitive effort. For this reason, it is recommended that the instructions intended for self-study of craft skills are implemented in the online learning environment using different media. The results also challenge to develop more flexible e-learning platforms.
  • Riiho, Aino (2021)
    Objectives. The purpose of this research is to design a structure for an online course on sustainable fashion, which explores the elements of sustainable fashion and aims to give the course participant a holistic understanding of the current situation of the fashion industry. The research studies the ways in which critical and transformational pedagogies can be used in an online learning environment. The idea for this research was born from a personal and business-related need during the global Covid-19 pandemic, when many small businesses had to close their doors or pivot their strategy towards the online marketplaces. Sustainable fashion has been recently researched a lot from different points of view, but none of the previous studies has addressed the subject from the point of view of a small clothing business aiming to teach a course for their customers. Methods. The Design-Based research included a literary review consisting of three distinct kinds of theoretical backgrounds: information about the fashion industry, theory on critical and transformative pedagogies, and theories about online learning environments. Two rounds of online surveys were made: a general one with 112 respondents and a more specific one with 6 respondents. The course structure was designed in two developing cycles. Results and conclusions. The online course structure was designed to include six 10–15-minute videos covering information about ecological, social and economic issues as well as sustainability efforts in the fashion industry. The videos include dialogical and conversational elements, and in addition, a platform for shared discussion between all participants was added to the course structure. Reflection and dialogue are important parts of critical and transformational pedagogies and help people in understanding and changing their values and actions, which is the goal of the online course.
  • Doepel, Johanna (2022)
    Objectives. The research task of this study is to analyze and interpret how online e-learning materi-als focusing on the ideation and design of crafts are suitable for primary school craft education and its planning. Applicability is assessed by examining how the selected e-learning materials support the different stages of the planning process, meet the curriculum requirements, and by assessing the pedagogical quality of the selected e-learning materials. The theory section introduces the concept of holistic craft process and, in particular, the activation, ideation and design phases as part of this process. Pedagogical models of teaching and learning crafts affect the interpretation of the results. The quality criteria produced for the production and quality assessment of e-learning materials were modified to meet the expectations set by teachers for the learning material and the special needs of craft education. These modified criteria were used in the study of the pedagogical quality of the material Methods. In this master’s thesis I studied the e-learning materials available online related to the ide-ation and design of crafts. The on-line resources selected for study were Punomo, Työkaluja käsityön suunnitteluun and Kisälli 1–6, produced by SanomaPro. From these resources, I analyzed all content directly related to ideation and design, as well as assignments where the assignment in-volved elements of ideation and planning. There were a total of 211 pages or assignments to be studied. The pages were analyzed with the help of content analysis and using an analysis framework formed through theory and familiarization with the material. Results and conclusions. For the first and second stages of a holistic craft process, activation and ideation, the pages provided quite scant support. Instead, a lot of material and tasks were found for aesthetic and technical design. Very few pages had content pertaining materialization. The assign-ments also encouraged mainly independent work. Although the pages otherwise implemented the requirements of the curriculum, the use of ideas and diverse experiences and sources of inspiration remained insufficient for the requirements of the curriculum. The e-learning material found online was mainly of excellent pedagogical quality. The content was easy to use and is helpful for teachers in planning lessons.
  • Lehtonen, Laura (2023)
    Today's learners need the skills to meet the challenges of the future. These 21st-century skills include, among other things, collaboration, and interaction skills, but also understanding and mastering digital technologies and learning to learn skills for the student. Self-assessment skills belong to the latter and are part of formative assessment. Formative assessment takes part during learning and its aim is to develop student’s learning skills. 21st-century skills can be practiced as part of various multidisciplinary entities, such as invention projects based on invention pedagogy. Invention projects are wide-ranging entities that combine learning technology skills along with craft skills. In these projects students have the opportunity to be part of the process of co-invention. Invention projects are organised in handicraft classes. Practicing self-assessment skills supports the student's learning in invention projects. It is also part of the formative evaluation of projects. Both self-assessment and invention projects have been studied to some extent in Finland. This study utilises the division of self-assessment types developed by Saarnilahti, Lindfors and Iiskala (2019) into evidence-based, affirming, reflective and pragmatic self-assessment. This study was conducted as a case study. Its aim was to map out what kind of assessment the students would manifest within the project and how students express the types of self-assessment during their verbal interaction. Another interesting topic was how these verbal self-assessments occur at different stages of an invention project. The research material was collected in spring 2019 as part of the Growing Mind research project, and it included videos of teaching sessions (14 teaching sessions), videotaped material of interviews with researchers (3) and learning portfolios of invention project groups (3). The data was analysed in a theory-driven manner. In the videotaping of the lessons, the analysis of the material was guided by “making-process-rug” analysis method. The videos of the interviews and lessons were analysed by means of interactive analysis. Content analysis was used in the analysis of learning portfolios. The results of the study showed that the material of the invention project included expressions from all types of self-assessment. Expressions of reflective and evidence-based self-assessment were more common than others. Expressions related to self-assessment appeared at different stages of the invention project, but the largest number occurred at the end of the project as part of the evaluation phase or the written final evaluation. Of the materials in this study, self-assessment expressions were most common in interview videos, in which researchers from the Growing Mind project asked students questions related to the project. Assignments and discussions with teachers are important factors for pupils' self-assessment activities.
  • Oranne, Panu (2022)
    The range of tasks in shoe repair is wide and there is little researched or published information on the subject. The purpose of the study is to respond to the lack of teaching and training material for occupational safety by identifying the risks associated with work tasks and phases according to the experience of the shoe repairers. The study also takes into account the machinery and functions related to the machinery used for work tasks and phases. In addition, the aim of the research is to identify the factors present at a shoe repairers’s work from the perspective of the safe execution of the work. Based on the research results, the sections that should be researched and addressed in the implementation of the teaching and training material to be compiled in the future will be identified. The study was conducted as a quantitative questionnaire survey in the spring of 2022. A web-based questionnaire was developed for the study and distributed to shoe repairers with the assistance of collaborators. A total of 47 respondents participated in the survey, most of whom had long work experience in the field. The research results were processed by quantitative methods using statistical analysis methods. The results of the study show that the shoe repairers didn`t experience more than moderate risks associated with work tasks and phases. The research results highlighted the risks of operations related to the machinery and machine-related functions. Based on the results, distinct work phases and machines or machine-related functions required for implementation were identified, which should be taken into account when developing material suitable for training. In addition, teaching and training materials should draw particular attention to the maintenance and operation of working equipment and machinery.
  • Davidkin, Marjut (2023)
    The goal of the study was to find out how Jewish cultural heritage can be used in craft teaching, and what this process is like from the perspective of the teacher and the students who participated in the study. The research was carried out at the Jewish School of Helsinki whose central task, in addition to the contents and goals of the national curriculum, is to support the students' Jewish identity and to pass on the cultural tradition to future generations, i.e. to preserve the Jewish cultural heritage. The research aimed to find out whether such a project can support the formation of the students' Jewish identity and what kind of reflections the project arouses in the students about their own cultural identity. The study is a qualitative school ethnographic study that used storytelling as a reference for the craft project. The research lessons were held in the spring semester of 2022 as part of the seventh graders' craft lessons, and 9 students participated in the research. During the craft project, the dramatic story of the biblical Joseph and his family was read, in parts, from the book titled Tooran tarinoita juutalaisen tradition mukaan (Torah stories according to the Jewish tradition), and the topics that emerged from the text were discussed together with the students. As a craft project, the students designed and completed "Joseph's overcoat" using different craft techniques. The research material was the observational material collected by the researcher teacher, such as notes and reflection, interviews of the students participating in the research, and the students' products created in the craft project. The material was processed and analyzed using the qualitative research method. The study showed that the Jewish cultural heritage is suitable for a project that combines crafts and cultural education, when the study module is planned and implemented carefully. The starting point of the project must be a topic brought to present day and made meaningful and interesting for the target group. The subject is then worked on functionally and with versatile methods and techniques. Storytelling and discussions add rhythm and structure to lessons, which promotes motivation and peace of mind in the class. The students mostly had a positive attitude towards the project, but the craft project was not found to have a significant effect on the students' perceived cultural identity.
  • Kivioja, Mirjami (2021)
    The purpose of this user-centered development research was to design sustainable and long-lasting trousers for the 7-year-old child. There was such a problem with the use of the child's trousers that the knees of trousers broke really fast, and even the more expensive trousers assumed to be higher quality had not endured in the child´s use. In addition to functionality and durability, the long-lived product should be pleasing to the user, so the user´s participa-tion in the design process was important. The research also considered suitability of partici-patory design methods to the design process of an individual garment. The framework for determining the user's needs for trousers was the FEA model of Lamb and Kallal (1992), in which the user's needs are divided into functional, aesthetic and expressive needs. The child and his parents participated in determining the user profile, the context of the use-situation and the needs of the user. Methods of participatory design were used to col-lect the data. The data was analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The need for recrea-tional trousers used in normal everyday life raised from the data. The development of the trousers continued iteratively with the manufacture, use, and usability evaluation of trousers´ prototype and two further developed trouser versions. The user evaluated trousers with the child-custom survey, where contentment with the trousers was measured using a colored smiley scale. The child and parents were interviewed about the usability of trousers at each stage of the research. Parents also evaluated the last trouser version using a checklist. Based on evaluations of the trouser versions, trousers evolved at each design iteration, and in the opinion of the child and parents, the latest trouser version corresponded to all needs of the user. In the research used a participatory design toolkit by Brandt, Binder, and Sanders (2013), divided into themes of telling, making and enacting. These themes provided a good basis for the methods of data collection, and in particular helped to show up the child's wish-es for trousers. Participatory approach allowed research to be done on a practical level and was understandable to the child.
  • Halonen, Johanna (2020)
    The main goal of this study was to find out what the sewing process of a garment is like and what the challenges of such a process are. Not much research has been done on sewing and it’s difficult to find out information about cognitive processes of the sewing process. Sewing is described as a hobby with several different meanings. It can be a way to relax or to enjoy life. In this study there is an interest in the working methods of the sewers, the impact of previous experience on work, the critical points of work and problem-solving processes, and the usability of the guide. The research method used in the study was the thinking aloud method in which subjects are asked to speak all their thoughts aloud throughout the experiment. Through the verbalization of thoughts, information is obtained about the subjects' cognitive processes and the content of the working memory. Three subjects participated in the study. In the experiment, the subjects had to make a dress that suits them according to Suuri Käsityö -lehti 8/2019. The material of the study was thinking aloud protocols, video material and dresses which subjects were made in the study. The most common challenges in the sewing process were related to controlling the use of the seamstress and knowing the concepts. All subjects used different seam solutions in their work, although they had the same instruction in their use. The basic principle in the work was that the more familiar the work phase was, the less instruction was used to support the work and the more one's own skills were applied in the work. Not only were the sewing instructions used to support the work, but also the picture attached to the instructions and the general instructions page of the magazine. It can be stated that the guide was adequate and covers all work steps to the extent necessary.
  • Räsänen, Johanna (2020)
    The purpose of this study was to find out what handicrafts and group participation mean for young girls and why the participation of the group is perceived as important. The study also aims to describe what crafts look like in social youth work and what significance it has for girls to be only among girls. Previous research has shown that group activities play a role in strengthening self-knowledge and confidence. Participation in group activities increases the young person's own activity and agency (Ståhlberg, 2019). Previous studies have also shown that making handicrafts has mental and physical effects that increase well-being (Pöllänen, 2017). The aim of the study was to find out the meanings of handicrafts, participation in a group and Girls' House activities for the girls participating in the study. The study was conducted at the Girls' House. It is an open place for all those who define themselves as girls and women. The subject of the study was the Open Handicrafts group, which met at the house once a week. The participants in the group were 14-25 years old. The researcher herself acted as a group supervisor during the study. The research material was collected using ethnographic methods by observing the group, as well as interviewing four girls who visit the house regularly. The interviews were semi-structured thematic interviews and the interviews were transcribed into text. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the data with the aim of finding similarities and differences in the themes and meanings of the study. The research reveals that there is a demand and need for a place for girls. Many meanings for being among girls were found. Some of the girls felt impressed with the growth of their own identity and peer support helped them grow into women. For many girls, participating in a handicraft group was more of a daily activity than a hobby. The group was often perceived as more important than making handicrafts. The Girls' house is perceived as a reliable and safe place to get peer support from other girls and women.
  • Inkiläinen, Jaana (2020)
    The premise of the thesis was to study Finland’s folk costume’s most prominent aspects and develop learning material based on those aspects. I started by reviewing literature connected to the topic about teaching materials. Based on the results, I concluded that quite a bit of research has been done about folk costumes’ history, and there exists a fairly extensive amount of literature about it. However, there wasn’t that much teaching material available about folk costumes, even though a need for it has been recognized. Therefore, the mission for my thesis became to develop introductory teaching material about folk costumes for beginners. The goal for this thesis is to develop a folk costume manual, that offers an extensive information packet for beginners, along with instructions for wearing and acquiring one. As a research method I chose design-based research which consists of developing the teaching material and the theory of its development. I started the development of the manual by mapping out, what meanings are associated with folk costumes. This was carried out by interviewing four experts. The results were narratives of their experiences around folk costumes. These narratives were divided into categories to be used as material for the first draft of developing the manual, along with literary reviews. The first draft was tested by a heuristic review, in which three of the assessors of the previous step were evaluating the manual by making notes about ideas for developments and other comments. A heuristic list was offered to support the evaluation. Then, the notes were summarized into comments, and the experts classified them based on their prominence. The manual was developed based on the comments, if the experts estimated the problem to be significant. The result of the design-based research is a folk costume manual, and information about the development process. An expert interview and a heuristic evaluation proved to be functional methods for developing this type of learning material. Two themes were highlighted in relation to folk costumes in the experts’ comments: Way of speaking and vocabulary with which the costumes’ instructions and recommendations are being described, and versatility of the folk costumes. These themes had a significant impact on the folk costume manual as well.
  • Ilomäki, Wiivi (2021)
    This is a research of the use and manufacture of Finland's various folk costumes and its related meanings. You can see folk costume in Finland rarely, although in many places people are still using them a lot. In dressing it is its own world to use the folk costume. The study had three research issues that were used to investigate the matter. Research issues investigated different meanings of folk costumes for their users and analyzed what the folk costumes means its user and manufacturer. The study analyzed what kind of things people can attach to use of the folk costumes. The study research what kind of role crafts had when people are making the folk costumes and whether handicrafts are needed in the manufacture of folk costume. At the beginning of the study, two theme interviews had been conducted to the people who are working with the folk costumes and based on these theme interviews, an internet-based questionnaire was prepared. The questionnaire was assigned to the target group in social media. In Facebook there are groups, with members of the people who are interested in folk costumes and many of them use folk costumes regularly. 78 people responded to the questionnaire. The study material was analyzed by a qualitative and quantitative method. Based on this investigation, it was found that the folk costume and its utilization played great importance to their users. Each user had its own meaning to the use of the folk costume, but in the investigation, the biggest importance rose to bringing their own family roots. The use of folk costume joined the user's identity, as its use is a very visible communication. In the study, it was clear that hobbies have a great role in the manufacture of folk costumes, as many defendants reported that they were a handicraft enthusiast but felt to be too novice to make a challenging folk costume for themselves.
  • Alm, Mirva (2021)
    Tiivistelmä - Referat – Abstract The aim of this study was to develop and test a survey instrument based on systemic motivational thinking. The 16-dimensional instrument was operationalized on the basis of Lindfors’s holistic system theory (Lindfors, 1995) and theoretical integration of motivation (Ford & Smith 2009). In addition, the goal of this study was to understand the motivation of the Finnish craft hobbyists and the differences between groups(!) The participants of the study were reached through craft-oriented Facebook groups and members were asked about different aspects of motivation. The quantitative data (N=3409) was collected from Facebook groups in January 2020. First, the data was tested for validity and suitability for the further tests. An overview of the motivation was carried out with descriptive tests. For further testing the theory-based sum variables were created and operationalization was verified from correlation and Cronbach’s Alpha values. The dimensional differences between group means were examined through variance analysis. The conclusion was that the most important motivational factors for all craft hobby groups were pleasure, coping and pride for choices. The result of variance analysis revealed several statistically significant differences. Electric and metal hobbyists regarded skillfulness as an important factor. For woodcraft hobbyists, self-development had a high significance. For ceramic and jewelry hobbyists the creative experience was emphasized. Among knitters the significance of the craft hobby in life generally was rated high as well as the importance of material resources. Sewists rated highly ecological sustainability and social factors as well as the meaning of the craft products itself. Crochet or weaving and embroidery hobbyists did not have any specific motivational factor to stand out.
  • Vakkilainen, Anni (2022)
    The purpose of this thesis was to study and analyze teachers` experiences of distance teach- ing in crafts and their views of its future. It is important to acknowledge the unique nature of crafts also in distance teaching, and by sharing experiences and thoughts, the maintenance of quality and equality in teaching and learning can be enhanced. This study examines and analyzes craft teachers` and craft teacher students` groupdiscus- sion notes from “Kässää etänä” webinar, which was organized by craft teacher educators from the University of Helsinki in spring 2020. The data was collected with semi-structured group conversation applying the methods of the- matic interview. In total, 49 persons participated in the group conversations, in groups of 4-7. The groups` notes were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. The results of this study show that the participants` experiences of distance teaching in crafts and views of its future included both positive and negative attributes. Teachers experienced that distance teaching increased students` inequality and teachers` workload. The flexibility of time and place of teaching and learning was considered positive, as well as the new devel- opment possibilities for students. The participants experienced that in the future, technology has a significant role in distance teaching of crafts. Technology, digital tools and apps offer various possibilities for teaching and learning, but they also include features that might in- crease inequality. Craft teachers saw that distance teaching has its place in schools, although the unique features of craft were considered challenging to transfer into distance teaching.
  • Österberg, Pekka (2023)
    The research task of this thesis is to determine whether the change in self-efficacy in learn-ing handcraft methods is different in relation to teaching methods or underlying factors and whether the underlying factors are linked to the change in self-efficacy. The study compares the differences between teaching through educational video, traditional demonstration teach-ing and background factors in task-related self-efficacy. In addition, the study examines the link between the underlying factors and the task-related change in self-efficacy. The theory of the research is based on the sources of crafts science, educational science, and media education, which examines self-efficacy, educational videos, demonstration teaching, and patterns of handcraft skill acquisition. This study was of the nature of an intervention study, where data was collected through a questionnaire in a quasi-experimental study design and was analysed using quantitative methods. The study data consisted of 210 responses. The study was carried out using vid-eo-based learning material to teach handcraft methods in test groups and traditional demon-strations in control groups. Subjects’ self-efficacy related to chosen handcraft methods was measured before and after the intervention. The study examined two handcraft methods, soldering and stitch application. The results showed that there were statistically significant differences between teaching methods in soldering. Self-efficacy of subjects who received demonstration teaching in-creased by 14.3 %, while the corresponding figure for subjects who received video instruc-tion was 1.4 %. There were no statistically significant differences between subjects who re-ceived video and demonstration instructions in stitch application. A hobby in electronic hand-crafts and competence in handcraft school subject had a negative correlation to the task-related change in self-efficacy. The results show that the educational video is well suited to learning handcraft methods under certain conditions, but at the same time provides a new learning environment and a way to learn.
  • Keijonen, Annastiina (2023)
    The development of the internet launched digitalization. Digitalisation is a process in which digital inventions flow more and more to different areas of society. Digitalization substantially involves transfer and storage of information that has been converted into digital form. Through internet, it can be done cost-efficiently, easily and quickly. Advanced societies with digitalization have turned into information societies, where information has become an important object of trade. It is easy to search information online and share it with others. The purpose of this study was to analyze the digitalization in handicrafts. The aim of the study was to investigate how digitalization affects handicrafts. The subject of interest was to find out what kind of digital applications and devices are used in handicrafts. The goal was to increase understanding on how and where these devices and applications are used in the field of handicrafts. The research material consisted of five volumes of magazine Taito, published by Taitoliitto, from 2018 to 2022. Total of 30 magazines were analyzed. Concepts related to digitalization was extracted from the magazines. Through the information found from the magazines, the intent was to form an overall view of the digital applications and devices used in the field of handicrafts, as well as their purposes in handicrafts. The study showed that digitalization has also progressed into the field of handicrafts. Nowadays, handicrafts uses and benefits from many kind of digital applications and devices. Many of these applications are ones that are commonly used in our society for other purposes as well. They are not just applications developed for handicrafts. Such applications were, for example, e-mail or various social media channels. The digital devices used in handicrafts divided into devices that were developed only for handicrafts and devices that, in addition to their other purposes, also served handicrafts. An example of the former were digital clothing design programs and an example of the latter were laser cutters. The study showed that handicrafts is not detached from the digitalization. Instead, handicrafts actively utilizes the benefits digitalization produces.