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Browsing by Subject "organizations"

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  • Kehn, Carolyn (2020)
    Gender in the military is a critical yet controversial topic both socially and scholastically. However, in review of the literature regarding servicemembers’ transitions out of the military organization, the experience of women is often excluded or generalized from the experience of their male peers. This thesis applies a gender constructivist lens to military sociology and explores the narratives of women officers who have served in the Finnish Defence Forces. It adapted the Critical Incident Technique, as well as graphic elicitation, to conduct qualitative interviews with five respondents. Subsequent analysis revealed four types of critical events that illustrate entry into and exit from the Finnish Defence Forces during a career: prompting, retaining, bridging, and affirming events. These events, as well as participants’ descriptions of identity work, cannot be understood merely through factors relating to the Institutional/Occupational Thesis, but necessitate an understanding of the negotiation of gender throughout a career in the Finnish Defence Forces. The conclusions of this work refute the simplified perspective of gender equality in Finland and demand a gender-nuanced approach to future theoretical conceptualizations of military organizations, as well as the identities of individual servicemembers.
  • Piesanen, Anne (2010)
    The purpose of this study was to examine the organization's history in Finland especially from the perspective of crafts. Period under review is on the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. I have called this organization as a craft activism. The purpose of this research was to illustrate the importance of the organization in crafts. In previous studies craft is not usually connected to activism. The purpose was to determine the identity of craft activists and the manifestations of what kind of activism was reflected. Furthermore, the study was to shed light on history of the Craft Museum of Finland of its early decades. The study is a historical study with view of craft science. History as a science is suitable to use in the context of craft science. Historical research is the interpretations of explanations for traces of human activity as well as issues and phenomena in the relations between weighting. Craft Science is also examining of the relationship with the human world, so the historical perspective to the selection is well suited to study of craft science. The material for the study is the protocols and the other archival sources from Craft Museum's and The Finnish society of Crafts and Design's collection. Study has also material from news papers. The study shows that the crafts have been a diverse operation as an integral part of the organization, which began to develop in the 1800s in Finland. The craft has had a significant role, particularly in those organizations where actors have been women. Especially women, craft has been a natural approach, which in the late 1800s also harnessed to the needs of the society. The Craft has established many organizations and it was an important strategy in many philanthropy associations. Craft activism associated with substantially the museum and exhibition activity and industrialization was the key factor in that activity. Industrialization demand marketing channels, through which the exhibitions were intended to answer. On the other hand, the exhibitions reflected the educational motives and through them sought to improve craft skills and cottage industry beside of factory industry. Craft is an integral part of historical research, as it has been important part of people's everyday life for centuries. Nevertheless, there are little historical studies which have done from the perspective of the craft. Usually craft occurs as a part of economy or politics. Also organization activities have not been studied lot of the perspective of craft. Craft science leaves the opportunity to expand on these points to historical studies.