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Browsing by Subject "rotovator seeder"

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  • Rantanen, Ville (2014)
    Tillage and sowing methods impact on the nutrient balances which is an interest of researchers and farmers. An aim of the research is to compare nutrient balances of tillage and sowing. During the years 2000 – 2010 in Jokioinen, studies have been conducted concerning how different tillage and sowing methods affect spring cereal nitrogen and phosphorus balances in heavy clay soil. The compared tillage systems were autumn mouldboard (25 cm) plough, stubble cultivation (10 cm) and no-till. The sowing systems under comparison were combined rotovator and shoe coulter seeder and single and double coulters disk seeders. The measurement thinks were yield (seed and straw), nitrogen and phosphorus content. From the measured values were calculated N and P balances which included seed, nutrient and natural deposition. The range of nutrient balances was large during the experiment period. Average nitrogen balance of different tillage methods were: plough 41,3 kg/ha stubble cultivation (S) 40,1 kg/ha and no-till (N) 44,0 kg/ha. Average phosphorus balance were P -0,5, S -0,3 and N 0,1 kg/ha. Average nitrogen balance of different sowing methods were combined rotovator, single disk coulter (R) 43,7 kg/ha and double disk coulter (SK) 44,9 kg/ha. Average phosphorus balance were JK -1,1, R 0,2 and SK 0,3 kg/ha. The weather conditions, especially precipitation, effects strongly on nutrient balances of tillage methods. In dry conditions no-till reached better nutrient balances than the other tillage methods. In other hand, in wet conditions mouldboard plough were better than an average. The weather conditions did not affect nutrient balances of the sowing methods. Furthermore combined rotovator and shoe coulter seeder achieved almost without exception better nutrient balances than others sowing methods regardless of the growing season precipitation.