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Browsing by Subject "vaahtorainaus"

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  • Mähönen, Sara (2020)
    Absorption panels are utilized in public spaces to improve the acoustic properties of the space and to reduce reverberation. Porous materials such as glass wool, mineral wool or polyester based batts are commonly used as sound absorption panels. However, they are generally harmful for environment and difficult to dispose. By foaming cellulose, water and soap, it is possible to form an environmentally friendly porous fiber material, which has the same sound absorption capacity as mineral wool. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the physical and chemical properties of the fiber affect the absorption capacity of the foam-formed pulp panel. The purpose is to find properties that increase the sound absorption ca-pacity. The raw materials used in the study were hardwood and softwood kraft pulp from different bleaching stag-es and dissolving pulp. There were eight pulps with different properties. The softwood pulps were made of pine and the hardwood pulps were made of birch. The pulp was examined for fiber length and width, spe-cific fiber surface area, chemical composition, pore size distribution and average pore diameter. A foam-forming technique was used to prepare the samples, in which the pulp was foamed with water and a surfac-tant. The foam was placed on a water-permeable metal mesh in a mold and dried. The result was a light and porous fibrous panel. Samples were cut from the panels and the sound absorption coefficient was measured using an impedance tube. The study noticed that the density of the sample had a significant effect on the absorption coefficient. Samples with different densities were difficult to compare. On average, the higher the sample density, the higher the sound absorption coefficient. However, the absorption coefficients dissolving pulps were high despite their low densities. The effects of the measured properties of fibers were difficult to determine be-cause it was not known whether the absorption coefficient was affected by measured property or by anoth-er property that was not considered in this study. There were no significant differences in the absorption coefficients with the samples of the same density. According to the results of this study, fiber length and width, chemical composition and the surface area of fibers do not have significant effect on the ability of the cellulose panels to absorb sound. Dissolving pulp had the highest absorption coefficients and the lowest density. By increasing the density of dissolving pulp it’s the absorption coefficient can be raised above the absorption coefficient of glass wool.