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Browsing by Subject "Orion"

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  • Horelli, Mari (2015)
    The purpose of this qualitative material thesis was to describe and summarize the pharmaceutical industry of pharmaceutical company Orion Oyj years between 1899 and 1998 in form of historical study. Previous publications concerning Orion's history have not had precisely industrial point of view. The study is mostly arranged by pharmaceutical forms and additionally some Orion's pharmaceutical products are displayed exemplary and their characters are analyzed. Also development of excipients and package materials are examined briefly. The notices of development of Orion's industrial pharmacy are constantly put into perspective by comparing it to the international industrial pharmacy. Analysis begins in 1899 due to the first finnish pharmaceutical company establishment which also had influences on the starting points of Orion. The study ends in 1998 because of Finland's associaton of European Union in 1995 which also had influences on the Orion's business. The material of the study consist of Orion's public documents including among others Orion's personnel journals, product indexes, sheets, history books and the other produced material of Orion. The material was gathered in the archive of Orion in Espoo during some weeks between October 2013 and Juny 2014. The material of Orion was compared to scientific literature in order to emphasize their worldwide influence. The most of the scientific reference material includes articles but some industrial pharmacy handbooks have been also used because of difficulties of having historical articles. According to the hypothesis the significance of Orion's pharmaceutical industry was minor on the scale of international pharmaceutical industry. The contacts to the foreign industrial countries and compliance with the guidelines of FDA and European Pharmacopoeia were on focus in Orion's aim to accompany international development of industrial pharmacy. One of the important themes in Orion's business was the transform from multi industry to the special industry which was supported by rationalization of production introduced in 1950's. In the context of quality control there have been many projects put in practise especially in 1960's and 1970's, for example the GMP-guidelines introduction, the trading licence system of the pharmaceuticals and the renovations of all the production rooms.Though the pioner of the industrial pharmacy, The United States, was in the quality control even several decades in advance of Finland and consequently Orion. Orion's major products were in the company's program with a licence system. Maybe the most considerable efforts have been made to advance conventional tablet production for example by enhancing equipment and process conditions. Contrary to conventional tablets pharmaceutical formulations like patches and soft capsules have been in Orion's program mainly to complete the company's selection.Some pharmaceutical forms were possible to produce in Orion quite early, for example vaccinations since 1940's and sterile eye drop producing since 1950's. In the last decades of this study, 1980's and 1990's, Orion was focused on the projects like Easyhaler and some own brand name drugs.