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Browsing by Subject "basolateraalinen kompleksi"

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  • Larkiala, Jonna (2018)
    Obesity is a health problem linked to Western lifestyle and it is becoming more general. The complexity of regulation of eating makes it difficult to regulate body weight, when multiple neural networks and regions of brain have overlapping functions regarding to energy gain. Sufficient amount of energy is vital for individuals surviving in their living environment. Cholinergic messaging in brain is wide and for example nicotine is known for its appetite reducing effect. Anorexigenic proopiomelanocortin neurons mediate the effect of nicotine. In nucleus accumbens and central nucleus of amygdala extracellular levels of acetylcholine rise during meal, which promotes satiety. Satiety inhibits eating behavior between meals. Amygdala is a part of limbic system and in earlier knowledge it was associated only to regulation of memory, conditioning and fear. Nowadays importance of amygdala in eating behavior research is rising, but most of the studies focus on the effect of cue in regulation of eating. Cholinergic messaging is vigorous in the amygdala and is received from opposite areas of brain between basolateral and central amygdala and therefore this master’s thesis examined the effect of cholinergic messaging in amygdala on regulation of eating behavior. C57BL/6JRcc male mice were stereotaxically implanted with guide cannulas either in the basolateral complex of amygdala (n=10) or central nucleus (n=13). After recovering and habituation to automated pellet dispenser mice were treated with nicotinic and muscarinic receptor agonists and antagonists and eating behavior was recorded for six hours. Nicotine, administered to central and basolateral part of amygdala, lowered the number of pellets mice ate. In central nucleus effect was dose dependent. Mecamylamine had time related effect on eating behavior in basolateral amygdala, but dose dependent response was seen only in cumulative results. Oxotremorine was the only compound which created statistically significant interaction between time and dose. Result was seen in both groups. Scopolamine reduced eating behavior in central nucleus and dose dependency was seen. In basolateral complex scopolamine had time related effect, similar to mecamylamine. The results suggest that amygdala regulates eating behavior even without cue.