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Browsing by Subject "capsules"

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  • Kovanen, Satu (2016)
    Nowadays, there is still lack of commercially produced drugs for children. Extemporaneous compounding is needed widespread. Oral powders, capsules and oral suspensions are the most typical extemporaneous dosage forms. In Finland, oral powders have traditionally been the most used. Major concern relating to the extemporaneous products is that they are not authorized. That means that their safety and effectiveness have not been established. Compounding oral powders is time consuming and their overall mass is much higher compared to capsules with same strength. That increases the amount of foreign matter in child patients, which is highly not recommended. The aim of this study was to examine, whether the extemporaneous sotalolhydrochloride capsules meet European Pharmacopoeia standards of content uniformity. Additionally, because the feeding tubes are widely used in neonatal patients, it was also reasoned to examine the content uniformity of capsules lead through the feeding tube. A significant part of this study was to develop an accurate and effective HPLC -method for analyzing sotalolhydrochloride, which, in the end, turned out well. With its seven minute driving time per sample, it is suitable even in routine analysis. Two of three capsule batches, as well as the oral powders, met the European Pharmacopoeia standards of content uniformity. Also, leading the capsule contents through the feeding tubes met the standards, but the amount of drug substance was significantly lower compared to capsules and oral powders. With lower overall mass and being quicker to prepare, capsules are recommendable option for traditional oral powders in extemporaneous children's medication. Still, according to this study, it is important to take into consideration the possibility of excessive variation in content uniformity. Thus, in the future, it is necessary to develop the quality control systems in hospital pharmacies.