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Browsing by Subject "yhteisviljelmä"

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  • Kujala, Janni (2010)
    Staphylococcus aureus is a common commensal and significant opportunistic pathogen. It causes a wide range of infections from superficial skin infections to serious invasive infections. Its pathogenicity is affected by many factors, such as different surface proteins as well as the excretion of toxins and extracellular enzymes. It has many ways to defend a host defense system, such as the formation of capsule and small-colony variants as well as intracellular hiding. Treatment of infections is hindered due to its ability to form resistance to almost every antimicrobial agent used. So far the development of a working and effective vaccine has not been successful. The discovery of new antibacterial agents seems to be still the only efficient way to fight against resistant bacterial strains. However, the development of new antibacterial agents has proved to be difficult. Developing new screening methods is important in order for new drugs to reach the market more effectively and to ensure that new derivatives are more effective and safer. The experimental part of this study aimed at establishing a co-culture of host cells and a pathogen, and to investigate active compounds from primary screen with the established method (Kleymann and Werling 2004). Host cells in the co-culture was HL (Human Lung) cell line and the pathogen was S. aureus (ATCC 25923). Experimental work began by determining bacterial colony-forming units (CFU) and its correlation with absorbance. Based on CFU-determinations the bacterial concentration in the culture media was calculated. Next, the method was optimized and validated. In optimization, statistical parameters S/B-, S/N-values, and Z'-factor were used. Method was optimized regarding cell and bacterial concentrations and incubation time. The method was validated using known antimicrobials. Screening of compounds to be studied was carried out in two stages. All the compounds were first screened in a primary screen. The primary screening method was a standard antibacterial measurement based on turbidometry. Those compounds that were active in the primary screen were investigated in a secondary screen with a co-culture method, but none of the studied compounds showed antimicrobial activity against S. aureus. Therefore we studied the impact of medium that was used in the co-culture method to the activity of the compounds. It was found that the medium had a significant effect on the antibacterial activity of the compounds, the activity was weakened in the presence of the medium. In conclusion, w the established co-culture method is a powerful way to obtain simultaneously information on antibacterial activity as well as cytotoxicity, and it is well suited for further testing of promising compounds.