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  • Sohlo, Iina (2015)
    In the school world today more attention should be put to the attitudes towards difference. Individuals should learn to recognize and accept diversities in the society. The focus of the ethics is to assist pupils to become conscious of their personal worldview and be aware of the differences of their fellow pupil's views. Main goal is to be able to encounter others more tolerant and respect the different values in the world. The aim of ethics teaching is to support pupil's identity work to find a tolerant and open-minded cultural identity. First it's important to become aware of the personal cultural background before understanding other views and co-operate with people from different backgrounds. The aim of this research is to clarify the objectives and contents of ethics in the National Curriculum 2004. The focus is on the theme Self-Awareness and Cultural Identity. This qualitative research is based on interviews. The research studies the views of primary school ethics teachers about cultural identity, the goals of their teaching and the methods to support the development of the pupil's cultural identity in the framework of ethics. Eight primary school ethics teachers from different backgrounds were interviewed for this research. The interview was a three parted focused interview. The material was analysed with a content analysis. The teachers supported their pupil's identity work with various methods. The common view of the development was towards a respectful and tolerant cultural identity. The main results of the research suggest that teachers should develop their pupil's skills from five different content categories. The categories are the awareness of the self, cultural awareness, co-operation and interaction, cultural education and cultural competence. The results emphasize the development of different skills: thinking skills, self-regulation skills, interaction skills, co-operational skills, conversational skills and cultural skills.