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Browsing by Subject "ääneenajattelu"

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  • Torvinen, Tiina (2023)
    Various implementation media can be used to create instructions to support independent skill learning. Despite this, little research has been done on the perception and significance of instructional materials for learning a craft skill. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to understand more deeply the connection between perceptions and learning a craft skill independently. In addition, the goal was to get deeper understanding on the inner processes of the mind that apply observations made from the instructions into practical activity and finally into skill. Of special interest in the study were the observations made by those learning craft skill independently of the instructions implemented using different media, as well as the cognitive processes in the process of learning craft skill. The primary research material consisted of recordings containing videos of the computer screen and thinking aloud, which the test subjects produced while learning Tunisian crocheting independently in an online learning environment. The secondary research material was reflections written by the test subjects afterwards. The test subjects produced recordings unsupervised. The recordings were analyzed with the Atlas.ti 22 following the principles of protocol analysis. The reflections were analyzed by thematizing the content relevant to the research. Based on the research results, the learning of a motor skill is based on the observations that are made in the learning process, but along with the observations, experimentation and practice promote the learning of the skill. The study also showed that the implementation of e-learning materials in multimedia serves different learners in learning a skill, even though video instructions require less cognitive effort. For this reason, it is recommended that the instructions intended for self-study of craft skills are implemented in the online learning environment using different media. The results also challenge to develop more flexible e-learning platforms.
  • Tommila, Terhi (2023)
    To recover from a stressful situation and take care of your own well-being, the important thing is to get your thoughts away from these stressful situations. Here you can use various activities that actively take people's thoughts away from stressful situations. Recovery, i.e., relaxation, starts as soon as your thoughts shift away from stressful things. The goal of this qualitative case study was to find out whether a beginner can have positive effects on his own well-being and feelings of relaxation when he is garter stitching. The study examined how emotions appeared during learning to knit and how emotions changed during learning the skill. The research material was produced together with a novice knitter for this study. The material consisted of video materials containing the thinking out loud of a novice knitter, from which the reflections made by the novice knitter were transcribed and analyzed in text form. The research material was produced in 14 consecutive evenings, about 20 minutes/evening, after the novice knitter's working day. Video files were analyzed with the Atlas.ti 23 program through the themes that emerged from the material and the Making-Process-Rug visual video analysis method. The material obtained during knitting and the material transcribed from the reflections were analyzed on the same thematic levels. Based on the research results, a novice knitter can achieve positive emotions that affect his well-being and a feeling of relaxation. The right knitting technique, the right tools for the knitter, and the working environment have a significant impact on the emergence of positive emotions and the encountering and overcoming of negative emotions. The results challenge us to pay more attention to these aspects and to study the meanings of these effects more.