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Browsing by Subject "2000-luku"

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  • Kauppi, Eveliina (2014)
    This thesis assumes that ABC–book reflects the society's worldview through its narratives. These narratives express also the desired characteristics of childcitizen. The previous ABC-studies have shown that during the years from 1960 to 2000 the factors that determine childcitizenship in ABC-books have changed. Now gender does not determine the childcitizen and the same characteristics describe both girls and boys in ABC-books. The milieu of ABC-books has broadened from homeland to abroad and other cultures have taken place in ABC-books. This milieu change brings new demands for childcitizens cognitions and agency. The focus of this thesis is to define which are the characteristics that determine the childcitizenship in 21st century ABC-books and complimentary teachers guides. I also compare these characteristics to those produced in the carefully selected research and authority documents published in 21st century. In those carefully selected research and authority documents published in 21st century, the characteristics that determine childcitizenship were entrepreneurialism, tolerance and multiculturalism, consumerism, IT and media utilizing, gender sensitivity and awareness of environmental issues. These six characteristics became the six research categories used in the analysis of ABC-books and teachers guides. The research material consisted of three ABC-books and complimentary teacher guides published in 21st century. The analysis of research material was executed with close reading. In addition, one experienced ABC-book writer was interviewed twice according to Delphi research method. In the first interview the ABC-book writer commented on the research categories and told what is it like to write ABC-books. In the second interview the ABC-book writer commented on the results of the analysis. All research categories occurred in the research material. Entrepreneurialism appeared in several stories and consumerism appeared in few stories in every ABC-book. The appearance of other categories varied drastically. According to the results every ABC-book determines and embodies different kind of childcitizenship. Some ABC-books concentrate on embodying childcitizen more than others. Only one ABC-book with its embodied childcitizenship was equivalent with the childcitizen determined in the research and authority documents published in 21st century.
  • Jokinen, Elisa (2020)
    The aim of this study is to analyze where, how and for which purposes wallpapers manufactured by the company Pihlgren ja Ritola Oy were used in interior decoration during the period of 2000–2009 as represented by Finnish magazines. Wallpaper is studied from the point of view of its functionalities: what is the role of traditional paper-made wallpaper in interior decoration and what kinds of decorative effects its various uses create. Interest in wallpaper and its study has increased during the last decades but more recent wallpapers and its study has drawn less attention. Qualitative visual content analysis was used as the research method. The study material was gathered from the collection of magazine and newspaper clippings archived by the company Pihlgren ja Ritola Oy. The clippings collection had been used as the company´s demonstration material as well as for archiving purposes. The magazine pictures related to the use of Pihlgren ja Ritola Oy wallpaper in interior decoration published over the period of 2000–2009 in different Finnish magazines were selected discretionarily. The visual material (N=95) was analyzed with theory guided visual content analysis. Results were presented by themes. The wallpapers of Pihlgren ja Ritola Oy were used for interior decoration in both traditional and non-traditional ways. In the versatile use of wallpaper all seemed to be allowed. Wallpaper was coloured, turned upside down, and decorative objects were wallpapered. As wallpaper was also used to cover discreet decorative objects the interaction between the wallpaper and other decorative elements increased even though the relative role of wallpaper diminished. Still, primarily the wallpapers were used on the walls and in home interiors. The furnishing seems to be extending to every part of the house – the intimate and active appearance created with colours, patterns and creative use of wallpaper was emphasised. The results showed plenty and multiform usage of effect wallpapers which practically answer to the needs of the open concept spaces. Especially the effect wallpapers appear in a functional role. Wallpaper can be in constant change as it interacts with architecture, interior and the human being. Multiform ways to use wallpaper serve as a tool of expressing oneself as well as reflecting the phenomena of their time such as the need for personality. As well the definitions of the wallpaper and the traditional significances turned upside down. Wallpaper is not only a passive background, but it displays out in different ways even in the middle of the space concretely.