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Browsing by Subject "haastattelu"

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  • Ahola, Juuso (2020)
    The aim of this thesis is to describe, analyze and interpret the meanings that the administrative representatives of the City of Jämsä Education and Culture Department give to the Music Institute as part of the Education and Cultural Services. The study is a qualitative case study and the data is analyzed according to phenomenographic analysis. The research is motivated not only by the researcher's personal interests in music and musical hobbies, but also by the interest in decision-making and its preparation. The research questions are based on the history of the national music school system and the local music institute, research on folk and music school and their social significance, research on Finnish leisure music hobbies, documents and regulations governing the activities of the city and the Music School, their organization and strategy. Three administrative representatives of the Education and Cultural Services in the City of Jämsä were interviewed for the study. The theme interviews were recorded and transcribed. The analysis of the material proceeded according to the phenomenographic analysis. The results of the study show that the Music School has also cultural, service and collaborative responsibilities in addition to its educational duties. The music school’s strengths include competent, long-term and motivated staff, content and collaboration. Weaknesses are related to financial aspects. The life-cycle perspective of the Quality-of-life Services is comprehensively realized in the Music School. According to representatives of the educational administration, the Music School is an actor to prevent inequality and exclusion, although fees and entrance examinations limit the opportunities for participation. From a communal point of view, the Music School creates a community in itself and it has many successful partners. Related to health improving aspect, the Music School first and foremost improves mental health. According to the interviewees, the Music School strengthens both local music culture and cultural activities. Through its activities, the Music School has been a part of the nationwide history of music schools, for example, by training experts in important musical positions. There have been structural, operational, economic, political and cultural changes in the administration and services of the City of Jämsä. In particular, the Music School supports the fields of well-being and vitality of the “Jämsä 2025” strategy. Economic, cultural and operational challenges are mentioned for the future.
  • Saresvirta, Marleena (2018)
    The purpose of this Master’s thesis is to research how elementary school teachers implement the assessment in physical education after the reform of the assessment and evaluation in physical education. The purpose is also to find out, what kind of changes the new National Core Curriculum for Basic Education has brought to the assessment in physical education. The theory consists of assessment in elementary school, physical education and pupil assessment in physical education. Student assessment both in general and concerning physical education is presented by exploring among other things the Basic Education Act, the Basic Education Decree and the National Core Curriculum for Basic education (2014, 2004). The different nature of physical education as a school subject compared to other school subjects is also being covered. The research was executed as a qualitative research using e-form interview as the interview method. The e-form was sent to the teachers via e-mail and they all answered to the questions alone. Three physical education teaching elementary school teachers from southern Finland were interviewed for the research. They had all been a part of my Bachelor’s thesis’ research, too. The dataset was gathered in April 2018. The analysis of the dataset was executed by using theory directive content analysis with which the dataset was divided into seven different upper categories. These upper categories divided again under two main categories which were the implementation of the assessment in physical education and the teachers' views on the assessment. The research showed that teachers implement the assessment in PE quite similarly. The biggest change comparing to the teachers’ history in implementing the assessment in physical education was that the teachers used the assessment methods more diversely. They had mostly added a lot of self-evaluation and peer evaluation to their teaching in physical education. The research also revealed that all the teachers keep the National Core Curriculum for Basic Education as the premise of their assessment. The teachers emphasized in their assessment especially the pupils’ attitude towards physical education and their working skills, and their learning process in physical education, which are the fields that the National Core Curriculum for Basic Education (2014) orders to assess in physical education.
  • Edvardsson, Mari (2020)
    Tiivistelmä - Referat - Abstract Aim of the Study: Firstly, the purpose of this study is to examine how teachers are supporting students and what kind of obstacles they face. Secondly, the purpose was to examine teachers experiences of support and it`s significance for society. This study is important and current. Resent studies have shown that supporting students in their studies has influence for student`s advancements of studies and prevents discontinuing studies. Also, the new legislation obligates teachers to plan for students an individual way to continue studies and support student s in many ways, even if, in the same time the financial support of vocational education has changed and decreased. Methods: This study was conducted using qualitative methods and it was based on the theme interviews of seven vocational teachers. One of them was working as a special vocational teacher. The theme interviews were analysed by using a qualitative analytic technique as the inductive content analysis method. Results and Conclusions: Firstly, teachers were supporting students in many ways. In this study teachers were supporting students in life management, learning and in difficult life situations. In the most severe cases, such as mental health issues and substance misuse issues, students did need occupational help from social and health services. Secondly, vocational teachers were also facing obstacles in supporting students. These obstacles that they were facing included lack of resources like time. Teachers considered importance in supporting students in equal ways, but they were facing obstacles to do so because of the large amount of support that was needed. Thirdly, there were also some vocational teachers who did not consider supporting students to be part of their work, only in the learning issues. On the other hand, some of the teachers considered the support of students have more wider consequences in the society: preventing discontinuing studies and social exclusion and it`s economical influence. From the point of view of social policy and preventing social exclusion, teacher`s role and how they will be educated, have importance in how students will be supported also in other things than just their learning issues. Also, the teacher education has an important role. It would be important to include in the teaching plans the issues considering the supporting students in different ways, not only about difficulties in learning. Vocational teacher needs competence to work in different kinds of networks also with student welfare services and with guardians. Vocational teachers need knowledge about social services and capability to guide students in these services. It demands the courage from teachers to meet students comprehensively. It is needed to develop the forms of vocational teaching and to do individual plans for the students and it is needed to provide more time for graduate for those who need it. Vocational education should have more resources to support students in many ways and possibilities to co-operate with all teachers, vocational counselors, vocational special teachers and with the whole student welfare services. These are the most important ways to prevent students to discontinue studies and to prevent social exclusion.
  • Höylänen, Jenni (2016)
    Objectives.The aim of this study is to qualitatively study the experiences of Makumestari tour's visitors. Makumestari tour was organised by Ruokakulttuurikeskus Ruukku Ry. The research findings will evaluate the success of the event and will provide development suggestions for the future Makumestari tour events. Furthermore, visitors' thoughts based on how the event can have an impact on children's food habits will be evaluated in this study. Insufficient diet and lack of vegetables in the diet are the most common problems concerning children and families' food habits. The aim of the flavour education, based on Sapere method, is to provide food education to children, diversify families' diets, and to eliminate neophobia. All this is meant to be carried out with children enjoying themselves with learning. Methodology. Material of this study was collected by interviewing children and adults visiting Makumestari events in Autumn 2015. Adults and children were interviewed in small groups, in six different cities. Interviews were executed after visitors had performed series of tasks concerning different human basic senses. 66 groups and total of 165 people including 93 adults, 41 girls and 31 boys were interviewed for the study. Material was analysed with the content analysis through arranging material by themes and categories based on research questions. Results and conclusions. According to the study Makumestari tour was a successful and well organized event. The event was believed to increase interest towards food, widen notions about food and decrease food neophobia. The event helped people to understand their own senses and people learnt to recognise how important every sense is when it comes to food. In this event children seemed to have the courage to taste new flavours and the children are believed to continue trying new flavours in the future due to the event. The visitors found the event useful and important. On the other hand, visitors were concerned whether the event only reaches people who are already interested in food and healthy eating habits and questioned if the one single event is enough to change people's food habits permanently. In the future the events should be arranged more regularly at public places or in schools and nurseries in order for the event to reach a wider audience.
  • Laukkanen, Antti (2017)
    Goals. In my masters thesis I want to research teachers', whom teach PE, opinions about groupings in PE lessons. I want to find arguments, why PE is usually arranged in Finland so, that boys and girls move in different groups in PE lessons. In addition I want to discuss the aspects of why this kind of boy-girl – grouping can be problematic. Methods. In this thesis I made a pilot study interviewing three (3) teachers who teach PE. Two of them taught PE mainly in a secondary school and one of them taught PE mainly in primary school. I made semistructured interviews with teachers. I wanted to hear both positive and negative arguments about ways to make groups in PE. I transcribed the interviews. I separated meaningful comments from the transcribed interviews and introduced them in my material in the results part. I also supplemented my study with a short interview form targeted to Facebook group members called "Alakoulun aarreaitta". I wanted to know how many of the teachers have faced problems with gender equality in PE classes and what was the nature of these problems. Results and conclusions. As a result I got valuable arguments both ways of dealing groups in PE. As a conclusion may be considered that teachers' preferences about ways to deal the groups in PE correlate with their work experience and their training. Still all three of the teachers found both, positive and negative arguments in both ways of grouping the students. Interview form gave me numbers that one from three teachers had faced the gender equality problems teaching PE.
  • Vihmari-Henttonen, Elsa (2017)
    The aim of the study. This study's focus is on children's agency. The aim is to clarify which modalities of agency are manifested in children's speech, how children describe their life and experiences with the help of the modalities and how children use portfolios as an aid in the interviews. This study is based on the sociocultural view of learning in which it is seen that learning is tied to interaction with others in a specific cultural context and that cultural artefacts are used in all learning processes. Children's agency has been a central interest in educational sciences as it is seen to be an important element in all learning endeavours. Jyrkämä's (2008) theory of the modalities of agency serves as a theoretical tool to understand the different elements of a person's agency. The modalities are to know how, to feel, be able to, have to, to have the possibility and to want. In earlier studies it has been shown that documents of children's lives can serve as a tool for them to discuss their agency in wide variety. Methods. This study was conducted in a day care centre in Helsinki by interviewing six six-year-old children individually. The children were interviewed in December 2016 and in January 2017. Thematic portfolios that were collected from mainly adult led activities during the children's earlier year in day care were the subject of the discussions with children. The analysis of the data was conducted using content analysis method. Main results. The results show that all the modalities of agency were prominent in the children's speech, but the amount varied according to the modality and between children. The modality of knowing how was most manifested as children spoke mostly of what they had done or what they knew. The modality of to feel and to be able to could also be seen widely. The modality of To feel was attached mostly to what children appreciated and to be able to the fact that children weren't able to remember what the pictures were connected to. Children used the portfolios as an aid in their interaction in different ways. Mostly they used pointing to different elements to name them and to clarify their message. Documents of children's lives can give a good base for discussing children's experiences and for supporting children's agency. The discussions are dependent on the contents of the portfolio. For the documents to have more meaning to children, it would be important to document experiences that are important to children, involve them in the whole documentation process and use the documents as a base for discussions with children.