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Browsing by Subject "kaavasuunnittelu"

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  • Harkko, Sari (2020)
    Tiivistelmä - Referat - Abstract Goals. The process of apparel making comprises different levels of thinking: sketching of an idea is abstract thinking that takes its two-dimensional shape in a design. Cutting out the plane material requires also two-dimensional patterns. The final step is producing a three-dimensional garment. Transforming an idea into a ready product requires, at each stage of the process, spatial visualization aptitude. The focus of this study is to research variation at two- and three-dimensional levels in apparel making process, and to add information on the role of spatial visualization in the working process. The purpose of this study is to find out what kind of decisions the pupil makes in sketching and making an item of clothing. It is also interesting to find out how the pupil’s spatial visualization aptitude is revealed in designing and making an item of clothing. Methods. This multi-method case study was performed in a craft class on the seventh grade (age 13-14) in the comprehensive school. The pupil’s spatial vizualization aptitude was measured with the traditional cubic test and with an apparel spatial visualization test that was specially modified for this study. In addition, each pupil was required to assess her performance in designing and sewing her own item of clothing. The multi-method study consisted of three stages: charting of working stages of each pupil, a two-part spatial visualization test, and self-assessment of each pupil. The results were analyzed by statistical methods and also by qualitative methods. Results and conclusions. The traditional cubic test proved to be more difficult for the pupils than the apparel pattern and design test. The test results supported the study hypothesis, i.e. the success in the traditional cubic test correlated positively with the success in the pattern and design test. Although the pupils had no previous experience in apparel making they were able to choose the correct patterns with no significant variation. The tests proved to be worked out applicable to the target group, and they fulfilled the main objective of the study by yielding information on varying forms of spatial visualization in a heterogenic craft group of seventh-form pupils. Although the small material (n16) is not statistically significant the result of the study can be considered to be indicative.