Skip to main content
Login | Suomeksi | På svenska | In English

Browsing by Subject "odotus-arvo-kustannus"

Sort by: Order: Results:

  • Pikkarainen, Paavo (2022)
    Aims. The Covid-19 pandemic has caused many changes around the world, including an impact on university students. Remote teaching has had a significant influence on students’ daily lives. In this study I will investigate the motivation of university students’ during the pandemic. Motivation is examined using person-oriented approach and expectancy-value theory. The aim of this study was to investigate what kinds of motivational profiles can be identified among university students. Another aim was to investigate the relationships between these motivational profiles, stage of studies, and future study desires. Methods. Data were collected as part of the “University students’ well-being during the COVID- 19 pandemic” -research project in the spring of 2021. In total, 1718 students from three Finnish universities took part in the study. Analyses concerning the structural validity of all scales were first conducted using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Using a person-oriented approach and two-step cluster analysis (CA), students with similar patterns of expectancy-value-cost dimensions were identified. Crosstabulations were performed to investigate the relationships between motivational profile and both the stage of studies and the desired organization of future studies (i.e., remote or contact teaching). Results and Conclusions. Five distinct motivational profiles were identified: weakly motivated, struggling (30.3%), moderately motivated (24.6%), struggling utility-oriented (16.1%), utility- oriented (15.7%) and positively ambitious (13.2%). Students who were weakly motivated and struggling were underrepresented in academically younger student groups. It was typical for the positively ambitious students to prefer continuing in remote teaching, whereas weakly motivated and struggling preferred hybrid- or contact teaching. The discovered profiles were consistent with previous research while also providing interesting new information about university students’ expectancies, values, and costs during remote teaching. The findings of this study can be used to design the future of university studies as well as ways to support students' motivation.