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Browsing by Subject "työn merkityksellisyys"

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  • Koskinen, Tytti (2023)
    Objectives. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between job crafting and the perceived work meaningfulness and organizational commitment among school principals. In addition, the study examined how work meaningfulness is associated with school principals' organizational commitment. The study also sought to determine whether principals’ age, gender or work experience would be associated with work meaningfulness or organizational commitment. Job crafting was examined using four dimensions based on the job demands-resources (JD-R) model. Based on previous research, it was hypothesized that increasing structural resources would be positively associated with work meaningfulness. Increasing social and structural resources were assumed to be positively associated with organizational commitment while reducing hindering demands was assumed to be negatively associated with organizational commitment. In addition, work meaningfulness was assumed to be positively associated with organizational commitment. Methods. The data used in the study is part of the Principal Barometer 2022, which mapped the well-being of Finnish school principals. The data was collected in Spring 2022 by sending a questionnaire to all 1200 members of the Finnish Principals’ Association. The data included a total of 841 respondents, of whom 63.9% were women. The average age of the respondents was 51.7 years. The data was analyzed using hierarchical regression analysis. Results and conclusions. The results showed that among the dimensions of job crafting, only the increase in structural resources was positively associated with work meaningfulness and organizational commitment. Age was also positively associated with work meaningfulness. Reducing hindering job demands was negatively associated with meaningfulness and organizational commitment. The results suggest that work meaningfulness experienced by Finnish school principals’ increases organizational commitment. In conclusion, providing opportunities for learning and development through job crafting strengthens principals' work meaningfulness and their commitment to the school community. Providing opportunities for principals to craft their jobs can support their commitment, their experiences of meaningfulness and thus their overall well-being.