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Browsing by Subject "työnjako"

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  • Wasenius, Ina (2020)
    The aim of this study is to find out how high school -aged adolescents are involved in home cleaning, what kind of cleaning tasks the parents require them to do, and how they are motivated to do home cleaning. Additionally, this study aims to find out what kind of cleaning practices exist in the families of adolescents and how the cleaning practices in a childhood home affect parents’ cleaning habits. This is related to how and where cleaning skills are learned. This study is qualitative by its nature, and the data were collected by interviewing six mothers of high school adolescents in the metropolitan area. The interviews were conducted in late autumn 2019, and the interviews followed the theme interview pattern where the interview proceeded according to predefined themes and related refinement questions. The interviews were transcribed and the data was analysed using a method of qualitative content analysis. The importance of home economics education at schools in learning cleaning skills was nearly insignificant. Cleaning skills were taught to children alongside their everyday household activities, without realizing it as a teaching or educational task. It seems that the primary responsibility for teaching cleaning skills to adolescents lies with the parents. The adolescents took part in the cleaning of the home by performing daily cleaning and organizing work, and they also kept their own room clean. Organising the cleaning work was the responsibility of the parents. A clear and balanced division of labor helped to involve the children in the cleaning and housework. In addition, the clear division of domestic tasks between parents affected couples' satisfaction with the division of homework.
  • Hiekkala, Anna-Riikka (2015)
    This is a qualitative study researching the current state of early childhood education. The purpose of the study was to find out what kinds of things kindergarten teachers are hoping to change regarding the distribution of work between kindergarten teachers and kindergarten's nursemaids in day-care centers, and how kindergarten teachers wish the director would act regarding these issues. This study was part of the research project "Transition from the education to the profession and staying at work in the kindergarten teacher career" conducted by the teacher training college of the University of Helsinki. The data was collected using an electronic questionnaire and the study involved 490 kindergarten teachers from five counties in the metropolitan Helsinki area. This study focuses specifically on two open questions and total of the answers was 399. The data is analyzed through a content analysis. The theoretical background of the study is focused on the organisation of the distribution of work and leadership in day-care centers. Previous studies have shown that unclarity on the key tasks of the director in the field of early childhood education has affected confusion and excessive liberties in defining both the directors' and the kindergarten teachers' work descriptions. (Hujala 2005; Halttunen 2000; Nivala 1999) In addition, previous studies have shown that the growing work distribution trend in the day-care centers where everyone does everything has negatively affected the pedagogical level of staff, and kindergarten teachers have lost their position in the field of early childhood education. (Hujala 1998; Kinos 2008; Onnismaa & Kalliala 2010). The results showed that kindergarten teachers wish for a clearer definition of their tasks. They also hope better organization of work and usage of working time. Kindergarten teachers wish that directors would be involved in the distribution of work in the day-care centers. They also wish that the expertise of different professional groups would be recognized in the process. The results showed that many kindergarten teachers need the director to support the formation of a clear division of labor and its implementation in day-care centers. The results provide information on what issues the kindergarten teachers think should be payed attention to in day-care center leadership, and how they would want to change the distribution of work in day-care centers.
  • Hakala, Marjo (2019)
    Objectives. In many families, housework is a daily topic of discussion and controversy. Although working life has changed, households have become more prosperous, and technology has become as a help in housework, there are still many household chores that need to be done. Women are still primarily responsible for doing housework, in addition to their own gainful employment. Spouse and children often play an assistant role. The same division of labour is also evident in girls’ and boys’ housework. Girls do a lot more housework than boys. The purpose of this study was study young people’s attitudes towards housework. Are young people required to do housework, and if so, do they agree to do it? How does the division of labour affect family relationships? Doing and not doing housework is an emotive topic. The views of young people on how they perceive their own roles and those of their carers as active agents in households are worth hearing. The research questions are: 1. How do young people feel about participating in housework? a) How does housework appear in family relationships? b) What do young people think about their own household skills? 2. How do young people feel about their own roles and the roles of adults in their family in taking part in housework? Methods. The quantitative material consisted of the answers to an e-questionnaire. The answerers were 55 ninth grades from an upper comprehensive school. The answers were processed using the SPSS program. The analysis used averages, cross tabulation, and Pearson’s correlation. Some of the results were tested with an even t-test and a chi-square test. Results and conclusions. Many young people are involved in doing housework because of their own choice. They also think that it is their duty. In their opinion they have good skills and they manage doing housework well. Girls do a lot more housework than boys and have a more positive attitude. Most young people find that the adults in their family take good care of the home and this makes them feel secure. Everyone agrees that doing housework is everybody’s responsibility. In home economics education it is important to strengthen the equal division of labor in housework. Particularly boys need to be encouraged to rely on their own abilities and to understand their role as an equal, responsible family members and not just a mom’s or wife’s helper.