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Browsing by Author "Finnilä, Mikko"

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  • Lampsijärvi, Eetu; Nieminen, Heikki; Barreto, Gonçalo; Finnilä, Mikko; Salmi, Ari; Airaksinen, Anu; Eklund, Kari; Saarakkala, Simo; Pritzker, Kenneth; Hæggström, Edward (2024)
    Localized delivery of drugs into an osteoarthritic cartilaginous lesion does not yet exist, which limits pharmaceutical management of osteoarthritis (OA). High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) provides a means to actuate matter from a distance in a non-destructive way. In this study, we aimed to deliver methylene blue locally into bovine articular cartilage in vitro. HIFU-treated samples (n=10) were immersed in a methylene blue (MB) solution during sonication (f=2.16MHz, peak-positivepressure=3.5MPa, mechanical index=1.8, pulse repetition frequency=3.0kHz, cycles per burst: 50, duty cycle: 7%). Adjacent control 1 tissue (n=10) was frst pre-treated with HIFU followed by immersion into MB; adjacent control 2 tissue (n=10) was immersed in MB without ultrasound exposure. The MB content was higher (p<0.05) in HIFU-treated samples all the way to a depth of 600µm from AC surface when compared to controls. Chondrocyte viability and RNA expression levels associated with cartilage degeneration were not diferent in HIFU-treated samples when compared to controls (p>0.05). To conclude, HIFU delivers molecules into articular cartilage without major short-term concerns about safety. The method is a candidate for a future approach for managing OA.