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Browsing by Subject "Spectroscopy"

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  • Yu, Sicheng (2024)
    Aims. In this thesis, we review the history in studying the evolution path of magnetic white dwarfs and explain the longstanding questions and debates over their magnetic origin. We intend to find magnetic white dwarfs in various forms (isolated or with companions) from the spectral database of LAMOST DR7 to complement the current magnetic white dwarf catalogue. We then move on to compare our results with some commonly accepted scenarios regarding their magnetic origin. Methods. Low-resolution spectra is the main source in this study, we intend to locate signs of Zeeman-splitting in spectra of isolated white dwarfs, measure separations of substructures due to Zeeman-splitting and estimate magnetic field strength. Magnetic white dwarfs in binary or multiple systems are found by seeking signs of cyclotron radiation due to mass transfer and particle movement in magnetic fields. Photometric survey from Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) was used to fold periodic light curves for targets of interest, in order to further study the nature of our candidates, especially the ones that are believed to coexist with companions. Results. We identified 31 isolated magnetic white dwarfs in the LAMOST DR7 database by the discovery of Zeeman-splitting components. Their estimated magnetic field strength ranging from below 1 mega gauss (MG) to a scale ten times larger. Two Polars/Intermediate Polars were found with both Zeeman-splitting components and broad Balmer emissions usually seen in cataclysmic variables. We also discovered two candidates of detached magnetic binaries. These systems are believed to be the progenitors of polars or intermediate polars. Despite their rarity, these candidates serve as vital hints in clarifying the ongoing debates concerning the magnetic field origins in white dwarfs.
  • Keller, Levi (2019)
    The spin-orbit-coupled insulator Sr 3 NiIrO 6 is a strongly correlated transition metal compound, where an interplay of geometric frustration and spin anisotropy gives rise to novel magnetic phases. Resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) is a powerful probe of the low-lying quasi-particle excitations that underpin these emergent properties. In this work, we partition the active space into approximately non-interacting parts in order to introduce a tight-binding single-particle model Hamiltonian describing the distorted IrO6 octahedra in Sr3NiIrO6. We then use this model to calculate its RIXS spectrum at the Ir L3-edge in the sub-electronvolt range. The results of this calculation are compared with experiments performed at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, and with a multiplet crystal field model calculation. We find that this one electron model largely agrees with the full-multiplet model and describes the d-d excitations observed in experiment. The addition of an exchange field term explains the low-lying temperature-dependent magnetic feature, disambiguating the sign of the crystal-field term, and suggesting that the feature is well localized at low temperatures, and is best described as an orbitally- entangled local spin-flip excitation. However, the correspondence at room temperature diminishes, suggesting that dispersive description is necessary to model this regime. The drastic reduction in active space entailed by this model facilitates the creation of extended non-collinear Heisenberg-like models, which can be calculated at a lower computational cost than full multiplet extended models.