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Browsing by Author "Aakus, Johanna"

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  • Aakus, Johanna (2017)
    The aim of this study is to research the temperament of Finnish students in teacher education programmes. The research pursued to examine the temperaments that Finnish students studying to become a teacher have and whether there are any similarities or differences between students in Class Teacher Education Programme (CTEP) and Subject Teacher Education Programme (STEP). Recent studies have focused on the basic education pupils' temperament and the possible benefits or disadvantages that his/hers own temperament may provoke in classroom and school environment. However, we also need to study the temperament of the teachers since they have a major role in classroom interaction. In this study Mary Rothbart's The Adult Temperament Questionnaire (later the ATQ) was utilized to measure and construct the temperament of the students in teacher education. The ATQ forms four main temperament characters which divide furthermore in smaller temperament components. Four main temperament characters according to the ATQ are extraversion, effortful control, negative affect and orienting sensitivity. 425 participants took part in this research from eight different cities in Finland. Data was collected by University of Helsinki e-lomake query. In the query 77 the ATQ -claims were asked. It was necessary to make some changes in the ATQ –model before the further analyses were made. Two temperament components were deleted from the model. After the changes it was reliable to use the query for the analyses. The reliability analysis was made for the main temperament characters and smaller temperament components as well. Temperament differences between class teacher students and subject teacher students were analyzed by using ANOVA. ANOVA was also used for analyzing the temperament differences between students from different cities. T-test was used for analyzing the differences between the sexes. ANOVA-results revealed that there were temperament differences between class teacher students and subject teacher students. ANOVA-results also revealed that there were some temperament differences between the students from different cities. Finally, t-test –results revealed that there were differences in seven temperament components out of 11 between sexes.