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Browsing by Subject "suunnittelija"

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  • Kuhalampi, Taru (2017)
    The learning and teaching of design is a widely researched phenomenon. Designing can be considered either as a cognitive process or from a situational perspective. These two approaches are combined in this study. Designing is defined as a process that includes three stages: the awakening of ideas, the processing of ideas and the verification of ideas. Designing is also understood as a reflective dialogue between the designer and the situation. The purpose of this study is to understand the design process from designers' perspective by identifying facilitators and barriers of the design process. The study also aims to deepen this understanding by exploring how these facilitators and barriers appear in different stages of the design process. The results are used to create a tool that helps to facilitate the design process. All participants in this study were students of Textiles Teacher Education at the University of Helsinki. The data was collected through 40 empathy-based stories and three interviews. The data was analysed using qualitative content analysis and this defines the structure of the study. The study identified 118 facilitators and/or barriers that were categorized into 10 main themes and 2 emotion-related themes. The themes of Design idea and Social space encompassed both facilitators and barriers. The themes of Motivation, Expectations, Time and pressure, Situational constraints, and the Designer's experience of the design process included factors which can act as either barriers or facilitators depending on the situation. The themes of Ways of working and Ways of developing the design included factors that were related to designers' choices which may either facilitate or hinder the design process. The theme of Understanding and reflection was considered as important in facilitating the design process as it did not include any factors which could hinder the process. The two emotion-related themes included both individual factors and situational factors. These emotional factors are either facilitators or barriers of the design process. The quantification of the qualitative data showed that some of the facilitators and barriers appear differently during different stages of the design process. Based on the findings of this study, a tool to facilitate the design process was created.