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Browsing by Author "Jansson, Anu"

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  • Janssson, Anu; Jansson, Anu (2018)
    The goal of the latest pension reform in Finland is to extend working life, secure the financial sustainability of the pension system in a situation where the population's average life expectancy grows. In Finland, there are still few studies on active workers after the retirement age, although continued career in the final phase of work is a growing phenomenon and the need for support for older workers is increasing. The purpose of the thesis is not to provide an exhaustive answer to the research question, but to highlight some common factors that have a positive impact on continued work in the retirement age. The thesis is a review of literature, whose basic theoretical frame of reference is Levinson's (1979) theory of human life stages and phases, i.e. everyone goes through the same life stages, however, individually and at their own pace. Aging and approaching retirement age is a life stage where human life is seen and evaluated both backwards and forwards. This also includes thoughts and decisions about retirement and, alternatively, continued working life. Six articles were chosen for the literature review around the theme of continued working life beyond the retirement age, which aims to find answers to the research question through basic criteria such as gender, education, health, working conditions and finances. In today's society, human capacity is more important than human chronological age. Good health promotes willingness to continue working longer. The high education was related to continued work regardless of gender. The working conditions and the working group's attitude towards older workers, as well as their own work management, have affected the plans to continue working. The economic situation is often seen as very important for the income, but not as a actual inspiration for a continued working life. Society's legal framework, interaction with other people and groups affects decision-making at retirement and career extension. Only by examining those who are currently prolonging their career after their official retirement age can we find lasting solutions for an extended working life in society.