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Browsing by Author "Rahomäki, Anna"

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  • Rahomäki, Anna (2017)
    It’s well known that children’s and adolescents’ physical activity influences better health and wellbeing. Although children and adolescents are gathering up inadequate physical activity and too much sedentary time. Physical education has an important role as a promoter of physical activity because it reaches almost every child and adolescent. Physical education motivation has a postive effect on leisure time physical activity. That it’s possible to support students’ motivation in physical education it’s important to understand how motivation is built on. The purpose of this study was to investigate the field of finnish physical education motivation in the 21st century. In the study the aims, samples, methods, theories and results of the researches were described and compared. A descriptive literature review was utilized as the method of this study. There were eight researches chosen to the review. Those researches are focused on physical education motivation of Finnish elementary school students. Researches are different by their study desings and theories therefore descriptive literature reviw is valuable method. The results of this study shows that motivation has investigated by using quantitative methods and three theories based on social-cognitive approach – Self-Determination Theory by Edward L. Deci and Richard M. Ryan, Achievement Goal Theory by John G. Nicholls and Modern Expectancy-Value Theory by Jacquelynne Eccles. These three theories seems to be qualified on the field of physical education motivation. Task-involving motivational climate, students preceived autonomy and social relatedness and expectancy beliefs and values are releated positively to enjoyment, psychological safety, performance and engagement in physical education and to physical activity in leisure time. By supporting this motivational dimensions it’s possible to influence childrens and adolecents’ relation to physical activity and wellbeing.