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Browsing by Subject "Triglycerides-Rich Lipoproteins"

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  • Guillon, Melina (2023)
    Faculty: Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences Degree programme: Master’s Programme in Neuroscience Study track: Cell and Systems Physiology Author: Mélina GUILLON Title: Inflammatory activation of Macrophages by Triglyceride-Rich Lipoproteins in Atherosclerosis Level: Master’s thesis Month and year: August 2023 Number of pages: 38 Keywords: Atherosclerosis, Inflammation, Triglycerides-Rich Lipoproteins, Emulsion Particles Supervisor or supervisors: Dr. Katariina Öörni Where deposited: Helsinki University Library Additional information: Background: Inflammation is a key factor in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and is present at all phases. It has been shown that reducing inflammation by blocking cytokine pathways diminishes the risk of stroke and myocardial infarction. Despite the well-established linked between lipoproteins and atherosclerosis, little is known on the specific effect of lipids on inflammation. In this study, we investigated the impact of triglycerides-rich lipoproteins’ (TRLs) lipids on inflammation in the context of atherosclerosis. Methods: TRLs were isolated and purified from pooled plasma of healthy volunteers, and emulsion particles (EPs) generated by sonication using lipids extracted from TRLs. TRLs and EPs were characterized in size, triglycerides, and cholesterol content. THP-1 cells were treated with EPs, TRLs, and modified EPs (oxidation, vortexed, and lipolysis with PLA2), and the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β and TNF-α) was detected with ELISA. Results: EPs were successfully synthesized by sonication using an ultrasonic probe. EPs induced cytokine secretion from THP-1 cells (N=4). Modified EPs (Oxidized EPs, vortexed EPs, and PLA2-treated EPs) did not increase cytokine secretion (N=4). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that TRLs’ lipids contribute to inflammation and that TRLs may play a crucial role in the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of ASCVD. Inflammatory properties of TRLs should be extensively investigated in the future for the development of preventive and curative strategies.