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Browsing by Subject "Lääkehoidon arviointi"

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  • Kauppinen, Elisa (2021)
    Polypharmacy in older adults is common and there are many things to be corrected in their medication. Medication reviews can be used to identify and address these problems using interprofessional collaboration. Renal insufficiency is common in older adults and its consideration contributes to medication safety. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of renal insufficiency in Lohja home care clients over the age of 65, for whom medication review or comprehensive medication review had been done. The purpose was to investigate from medication review reports how many observations pharmacists made about the drugs that should be avoided or dose reduced. In addition, it was investigated whether the medications of the subjects could be changed during the intervention and whether the plasma creatinine values correlated with the GFR values. The material consisted of the medication review reports of 60 home care clients in the intervention study launched in Lohja year 2015. Medication reviews were done in 2016–2017. Half (n = 30/60) of the subjects had at least one drug for which pharmacist proposed a medication change due to a reduced GFR. Proposals for changes (n=60) were presented 1–7 per subject. The majority of the proposed changes, (52 %, n= 31/60), concerned dose reduction, and 22 % (n=13/60) discontinuation. Other proposals totaled 26 % (n= 16/60). 42 % (n=13/31) of the dose reduction proposals were implemented. Almost all of the drug discontinuation 92% (n=12/13) proposals were implemented. In total, 47 % (n = 28/60) of the proposals were implemented. Nervous system drugs formed the largest group (30 %, n = 18) for which a change was proposed. The second highest number of proposals was for drugs for cardiovascular system (27 %, n=16) and the alimentary tract and metabolism (27 %, n=16). Based on GFR, 93 % (n = 56) of subjects had declined renal function (GFR <90 ml/min). Mild kidney damage (GFR=89–60 ml/min) was the most common; 73 % of men (n=11) and 47 % of women (n=21). In 65 % (n=39) of subjects, plasma creatinine was within or below reference range. Plasma creatinine was above reference value in 25 % (n=15) of subjects. The study confirms that plasma creatinine is not suitable measure of renal insufficiency in the elderly.