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Browsing by Subject "hoivakoti"

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  • Porru, Anna (2020)
    Medication-related errors have been identified as the single most important risk factor for patient safety across the world. According to previous research, medication errors are common in nursing homes. However, the existing data on medication errors in Finnish nursing homes is scarce, although the challenges and defects in nursing home care services, including drug treatments, are well known. Furthermore, nursing home residents are typically characterized by old age, multimorbidity and polypharmacy. Therefore, they are particularly vulnerable to potential adverse events caused by medication errors. The aim of this study was to investigate the rates and causes of medication errors reported in nursing homes and evaluate their impact on medication safety. Additionally, the proportions of potentially inappropriate medication (PIMs) and high-risk medication involved in the medication errors were determined. The data of the study consisted of 251 medication errors reports that were submitted to the safety incident report system (HaiPro) in nursing homes located in Central Uusimaa healthcare and social welfare joint municipal authority (Keusote) in 2019. Quantitative analysis of the data provided an overview of the medication errors that had occurred in nursing homes and the medicines most commonly involved in them. Content analysis and simplified root cause analysis enabled to study more in-depth the contributing factors of medication errors and potential risks associated with the medication process in nursing homes, as well as the possibilities of preventing similar errors in the future. James Reason's human error theory and in particular its system perspective was applied as a theoretical framework in this study. Medication errors were reported regularly in nursing homes during the follow-up period of the study. The most frequent medication error type was administration error. The majority of these errors were medication omissions, followed by the wrong time of administration and administration to the wrong patient. The most common drug classes causing medication errors were antithrombotics, opioids, antidementia drugs, diuretics, antipsychotics, antidiabetics, and antidepressants. Nearly a quarter of the reported medicines were high-risk medications, most commonly opioids, antithrombotics, or antidiabetic drugs. PIMs accounted for approximately 13% of all medications in the data. Errors were most often caused by unsafe medication practices, communication problems, and deficiencies in the work environment such as excessive workload or time pressure. A significant part of the medication errors were related to transdermal medication patches. The study also showed that the quality of medication error reporting in nursing homes is in part insufficient and should be improved so that the reports can be better used for learning purposes. The results of the study provide valuable additional information on medication errors in Finnish nursing homes and their contributing factors. The information can be used to improve medication safety practices in nursing homes. Safe and uninterrupted medication use process is a goal that should be pursued not only in health care but also in social welfare services such as nursing homes.
  • Leinonen, Mira (2024)
    In Finland, an increasing number of older adults who need around-the-clock assistance in their daily activities are taken care of in an intensive service housing unit, i.e., in a nursing home. The care organized in a nursing home also includes the resident's medical treatment and care. Medication safety and medication management processes have been widely studied in healthcare units, but there is a lack of similar research data from social care units. The topic is current because problems have arisen within the medication management process of the nursing homes, to which system-oriented solutions are needed. To develop risk management, additional information is needed on the risk points occurring in the medication management process of nursing homes. The study aimed to produce information on what kind of medication errors can be detected in the practical implementation of medication in a nursing home and in which stages of the medication management process they occur. The study was based on participatory observation data collected in a nursing home. The data was analyzed using quantitative and qualitative content analysis methods. The study’s theoretical framework was James Reason's human error theory and the Swiss cheese model. It was found that medication errors were common in the observed nursing home, as almost every fourth observed situation contained at least one medication error. Medication errors were detected at almost every stage of the medication management process. Storage errors (28 %) and medication administration errors (19 %) were detected more often than other types of errors. Detected storage errors were mostly related to not locking the medicine storage facilities or leaving medicines without monitoring. The most frequent administration error was medication omission. After storage and administration errors, the most commonly detected medication error types were error in cleaning or tidiness (7 %), ordering error (7 %) and error in medication administration checks (6 %). Other types of medication errors represented less than 5 % of the data. Almost a quarter of the errors were found to have happened to the resident, causing a medication safety incident. Actual adverse events could not be identified based on the data. About a fifth of the errors were near misses. Although about half of the errors did not happen directly to the residents, they were identified as medication, client, and patient safety risks. Pharmaceutical information was found to function as a good barrier in the medication management process, as some of the possible adverse events were prevented with the help of medical advice given to nurses. The medication management process of nursing homes could be developed by considering unit-specific risk factors and utilizing pharmaceutical expertise in the implementation of medical treatment. Through observation, it would also be possible to identify contributing factors of medication errors, enabling risk management activities to be targeted at the risk points of the medication management process. The study results offer valuable information about medication errors in nursing homes, which can be used in developing the medication management process.