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Browsing by Subject "the aged"

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  • Nieminen, Jenni (2016)
    The aged are the biggest age group of using psychotropics. The most used ones of these drugs are hypnotic and sedatives that consists mainly of benzodiazepines and related drugs. However, the aged are extremely sensitive for these drugs that are also noted as potentially inappropriate drugs for the aged in the national, but also in the various international recommendations and care guidelines. Despite the care guidelines, benzodiazepine compounds are usually used for years and often concomitantly. Research material of this longitudinal, observational study with two cohorts was collected from structured interviews at two similar acute wards in Pori City Hospital during one month in 2015. The research protocol of an early similar study which was conducted in 2004 was followed. Results of the two studies (2004 and 2015) were compared. Interviews were conducted among patients aged ≥ 65 years. Users of benzodiazepines or related drugs (2004: n=38, 2015: n=32) were further interviewed. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of the usage of benzodiazepine compounds in the aged between the years 2004 and 2015. In particular the medicines information sources and amount of information on these drugs i.e. knowledge on adverse drug reactions was studied and compared. Additionally a systematic review was conducted to explore the current evidence on interventions to rationalize the use of benzodiazepines and related drugs in the aged. In 2004, 54% of the interviewed patients (n=64) were using benzodiazepine compounds. However, in 2015 there were 34% (n=36) using. In 2015 regular usage of these drugs was decreased and irregular usage (given on an as-needed basis) was increased compared to the year 2004. None of the patients used long-acting benzodiazepines in 2015. Medicines information is provided notably more by doctors and pharmacies to 2004, but still the information focused more on benefits of drug other than adverse drug reactions. However, the patients' knowledge about the adverse drug reactions of benzodiazepine compounds has increased. The patients got presented adverse drug reactions known on mean of five in the year 2015, while the same value in 2004 was three. In the both years, the most of the patients were aware of the dependence these drugs may cause. The usage of benzodiazepine and related drugs in the aged has become better, but there is still need to improve multi-professional cooperation and applicate new interventions for rationalize the usage of benzodiazepinecompounds.
  • Kallio, Sonja (2014)
    Population is aging. Within aging the morbidity and the use of medicines increase. Polypharmacy and the physiologic changes related to the ageing expose to medication-related problems. This has to be taken into consideration when planning the care of the elderly. Multiprofessional cooperation is seen as a solution to optimize the medicines' use among the aged people. Finnish Medicines Agency (Fimea) has started a network with local multiprofessional health care teams. The aim of the network is to make a national guideline for multiprofessional cooperation and optimizing the medicines' use among the aged people. The objective of the study was to clarify multiprofessional working models to optimize the medicines' use that had been carried out or planned by the teams belonging to the network. The models can work as examples when creating standardized practices to multiprofessional cooperation in Finland. Factors that promote or prevent multiprofessional cooperation and the problems of optimizing the medicines' use were clarified as were the possible solutions to solve them. Factors to strengthen cooperation and its effects were clarified on the basis of experience of the multiprofessional teams. As a material of the study were the interviews (n=15) of health care professionals (n=55) invited to Fimea's multiprofessional network. Fimea had collected the material that consists of group discussions (n=10), pair interviews (n=3) and individual interviews (n=2). The interviews that had been recorded were transcribed and analyzed by using a combine of inductive and deductive content analysis. A theoretical framework in the study was multiprofessional teamwork and networking. According to the interviews, multiprofessional cooperation in optimizing the medicines' use among the aged has been carried out in Finland in both public and private health care. The interviewees think that the most important way to optimize the medicines' use is clear division of tasks and responsibilities. Adding more pharmacists to all over the public health services and fostering the role of the community pharmacies as a part of the health care are seen as solutions. Multiprofessional meetings and education can break barriers between different professionals. The most common problems are the challenges related to economic limitations and to the busy work. There are problems in IT systems and information transfer. At the individual level, the most common problems seem to be in communication and the attitudes. The interviewees' experience is that successful multiprofessional cooperation increases medication safety and improves patients' state. The work of all the professions is faciliatated and burden of the public health service decreases. Lighter medication reviews could be used to find the patients who benefit from the comprehensive medication review. Information transfer and the currency of patients' medication should be secured with functioning IT systems. The results of the study can be utilised when developing multiprofessional practices to optimize the medicines' use. More study is needed to show the profitability of medical reviews, dose dispensing and other services.