Skip to main content
Login | Suomeksi | På svenska | In English

Frequency Stability and Selectivity of a Singly Resonant Continuous-wave Optical Parametric Oscillator

Show full item record

Title: Frequency Stability and Selectivity of a Singly Resonant Continuous-wave Optical Parametric Oscillator
Author(s): Karhu, Juho
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry
Discipline: Physical Chemistry
Language: English
Acceptance year: 2014
Optical parametric oscillators (OPO) are sources of coherent light, often used to produce laser like light in wavelength regions where ordinary laser operation is challenging. In terms of chemistry, most attractive such a region is in mid-infrared, where strong fundamental vibrational transitions occur. OPOs are based on nonlinear polarization, which some materials exhibit when radiated with strong coherent light and effectively allow transferring optical power from one wavelength region to another. Even a simple OPO setup can offer watt-level of continuous-wave power in mid-infrared. There are ongoing challenges with the stability of OPO output frequency and continuous tuning of the wavelength, both of which are important for a light source used in high-resolution molecular spectroscopy. Theory and literature part of this thesis first covers the fundamentals of the theory behind OPO, centering on a continuous-wave single resonant operation. Afterwards, we look into the more well-known features affecting the stability of the OPO, as well as some common schemes used to combat the instabilities. In the experimental part, we measure and attempt to characterize some features of instabilities we have previously noticed that are not readily explained by known instability sources. The OPO's output wavelength occasionally changes in discrete jumps known as mode hops. There appear to be some preferences to the magnitude of these jumps that do not seem to fit in the current understanding of OPO operation. We followed the frequency changes of a typical singly resonant continuous-wave OPO for longer time periods and offered some possible explanations for the observations. We utilize a few methods to increase the number of mode hops to produce meaningful statistical data.

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
pro_gradu_jk.pdf 6.336Mb PDF

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record